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Detailed Overview of the K-12

Science Curriculum
Earth and Space

As in previous grade levels,
there are three modules in the
Earth and Space unit.
Module 1: Geology
Module 2: Meteorology
Module 3: Astronomy

Geology Overview
Grade 3
Describe what makes
up the environment
in the community.
Different landforms
Bodies of water

Grade 7
Focus on the
environment of the
Philippines as a

Grade 4
Grade 5
Focus on two components of
The environment does not
the environment: soil & water. stay the same forever. The
surface of the Earth
Classify soils using simple
changes with the passage
of time.
Identify the different sources of
Rocks undergo weathering,
water in the community.
forming soil.
Infer importance of water in
Soil is carried away by
daily activities.
Describe ways of using water
Grade 8
Because it is located along
the Ring of Fire, the
Philippines is prone to

Grade 9
Because it is located
along the Ring of Fire,
the Philippines is home
to many volcanoes.

Grade 6
Other processes that
change the surface of
the Earth: earthquakes &
volcanic eruptions.
Note: only the effects of
earthquakes and volcanic
eruptions are taken up in
this grade level, not the
causes (which will be
tackled in Grades 8 and 9).

Grade 10
Focus on plate tectonics,
a theory that explains
many geologic
processes, such as
The countrys location Using models, explain how
Using models, explain what
earthquakes, and
near the equator and quakes are generated by faults. happens when volcanoes
mountain building.
along the Ring of Fire Using PHIVOLCS maps, find out erupt.
influences what
Discover that volcanoes,
if there are active faults in the Describe the different
makes up the
earthquake epicenters,
types of volcanoes.
and mountain ranges are
environment (e.g.,
not randomly scattered in
climate, natural
different places but are
located in the same areas.
Explain how energy from
Locate places using a

Meteorology Overview
Grade 3
Describe different
types of weather.

Grade 4
Grade 5
Measure the components of The weather does not
weather using simple
stay the same the whole
year round. Weather
disturbances such as
Identify trends in a simple
typhoons may occur.
weather chart.
Describe changes in the
weather before, during,
and after a typhoon.

Grade 6
Collect weather data over
a period of time.
Interpret the data.
Identify weather
patterns in the

Describe the effects of

typhoons on the
Grade 7
Because the
Philippines is located
near the equator, and
surrounded by bodies
of water and specific
landmasses, certain
phenomena occur in
the country: breezes,
monsoons, ITCZ.

Grade 8
Because it is located near
the equator and surrounded
by bodies of water, the
Philippines is prone to
Explain how typhoons develop,
how typhoons are affected by
landforms and bodies of water,
why typhoons follow certain

Grade 9
Distinguish weather
from climate.

Grade 10
Note: The theory of plate
tectonics is the sole topic
in Earth and Space in
Explain how different
factors affect the climate of Grade 10. This is because
the theory binds many of
an area.
the topics in previous
Describe climatic
grade levels and more
phenomena that occur over time is needed to explore
a wide area (e.g., El Nio
connections and deepen
and global warming).
learners understanding.


Astronomy Overview
Grade 3
Describe natural
objects seen in the

Grade 4
Focus on the most important
natural object in the sky: the
Sun, the main source of heat
and light on Earth.
Suns role in plant growth and
Suns effect on the activities of
humans and other animals

Grade 7
Using models, explain
that because the
Earth revolves
around the Sun, the
seasons change.
Because the Moon
revolves around the
Earth, eclipses
sometimes occur.

Grade 8
Complete survey of the Solar
System by describing the
characteristics of asteroids,
comets, and other members
of the Solar System.

Grade 5
Focus on the Moon and
Describe the changes in
the appearance of the
Discover that the changes
are cyclical.
The Moons cycle is
related to the length of a
Identify star patterns that
can be seen during certain
times of the year.
Grade 9
Leave the Solar System
and learn about the stars

Grade 6
Focus on Earth as
another natural object
in space.
Motions of the Earth:
rotation and revolution.
Compare the different
members that make up the
Solar System.
Construct models to
visualize relative sizes and
distances of planets.

Note: The theory of plate
tectonics is the sole topic
in Earth and Space in
Infer the characteristics of Grade 10. This is because
the theory binds many of
stars based on the
characteristics of the Sun. the topics in previous
grade levels and more
Because of Earths rotation, time is needed to explore
stars move in the course of connections and deepen
a night.
learners understanding.
Because of Earths
different stars
DEPARTMENT OFrevolution,

Food for Thought

Try to learn something about
everything and everything about
-Thomas Huxley