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ADVANCE

APPLICATION FOR
SOCIAL MEDIA
ANALYTICS
(AASMA)

INTRODUCTION
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CYBER-SAFETY THREATS

First, lets talk about some common cyber-safety threats and the
problems they can cause . . .

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en

CONSEQUENCES OF INACTION

In addition to the risks identified on the previous slide, as part of the UC Davis community
you may face a number of other consequences if you fail to take actions to protect
personal information and your computer. Consequences include:

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ion
Act

CYBER-SAFETY ACTIONS

The following slides describe the top seven actions you can take to
protect personal information and your computer. These actions will
help you meet the UC Davis Cyber-safety Program policy standards.
By implementing all seven of these security measures, you will protect
yourself, others, and your computer from many common threats.
In most cases, implementing each of these security measures will only
take a few minutes.
You can find more about cyber-safety on the UC Davis Computer
Security Web site (http://security.ucdavis.edu/).

TOP SEVEN CYBER-SAFETY ACTIONS


Additional information about each of the actions below is provided on slides 814. Faculty and staff should work with their technical support coordinator
before implementing these measures.
1. Install OS/Software Updates
2. Run Anti-virus Software
3. Prevent Identity Theft
4. Turn on Personal Firewalls
5. Avoid Spyware/Adware
6. Protect Passwords
7. Back up Important Files
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INSTALL OS/SOFTWARE
UPDATES

Updates-sometimes called patches-fix problems with your operating system (OS) (e.g.,
Windows XP, Windows Vista, Mac OS X) and software programs (e.g., Microsoft Office
applications).

Most new operating systems are set to download updates by default. After updates are
downloaded, you will be asked to install them. Click yes!

To download patches for your system and software, visit:


Windows Update: http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com to get or ensure you
have all the latest operating system updates only. Newer Windows systems
are set to download these updates by default.
Microsoft Update: http://www.update.microsoft.com/microsoftupdate/ to get or
ensure you have all the latest OS and Microsoft Office software updates. You
must sign up for this service.
Apple: http://www.apple.com/support
Unix: Consult documentation or online help for system update information
and instructions.

Be sure to restart your computer after updates are installed so that the patches can be
applied immediately.
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RUN ANTI-VIRUS SOFTWARE


To avoid computer problems caused by viruses, install and run an
anti-virus program like Sophos.
Periodically, check to see if your anti-virus is up to date by opening
your anti-virus program and checking the Last updated: date.
Anti-virus software removes viruses, quarantines and repairs
infected files, and can help prevent future viruses.
UC Davis students, faculty and staff can get Sophos for their work
and home computer for FREE on the Internet Tools CD (available
from IT Express in Shields Library).
Sophos can also be downloaded for free from the UC Davis Software
License Coordination Web site (https://my.ucdavis.edu/software/).
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PREVENT IDENTITY THEFT


Don't give out financial account numbers, Social Security numbers, drivers
license numbers or other personal identity information unless you know
exactly who's receiving it. Protect others peoples information as you would
your own.
Never send personal or confidential information via email or instant
messages as these can be easily intercepted.
Beware of phishing scams - a form of fraud that uses email messages that
appear to be from a reputable business (often a financial institution) in an
attempt to gain personal or account information. These often do not include a
personal salutation. Never enter personal information into an online form you
accessed via a link in an email you were not expecting. Legitimate
businesses will not ask for personal information online.
Order a copy of your credit report from each of the three major credit
bureaus-Equifax, Experian, and Trans Union. Reports can be ordered online at
each of the bureaus Web sites. Make sure reports are accurate and include
only those activities you have authorized.
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TURN ON PERSONAL
FIREWALLS
Check your computer's security settings for a built-in personal firewall. If you have
one, turn it on. Microsoft Vista and Mac OSX have built-in firewalls. For more
information, see:
Mac Firewall
(docs.info.apple.com/article.html?path=Mac/10.4/en/mh1042.html )
Microsoft Firewall (
www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/networking/security/winfirewall.mspx
)
Unix users should consult system documentation or online help for personal
firewall instructions and/or recommendations.

Once your firewall is turned on, test your firewall for open ports that could allow in
viruses and hackers. Firewall scanners like the one on
http://www.auditmypc.com/firewall-test.asp simplify this process.
Firewalls act as protective barriers between computers and the internet.
Hackers search the Internet by sending out pings (calls) to random computers and
wait for responses. Firewalls prevent your computer from responding to these calls.

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AVOID SPYWARE/ADWARE
Spyware and adware take up memory and can slow down your
computer or cause other problems.
Use Spybot and Ad-Aware to remove spyware/adware from your
computer. UC Davis students, faculty and staff can get Spybot and
Ad-Aware for free on the Internet Tools CD (available from IT Express
in Shields Library).
Watch for allusions to spyware and adware in user agreements
before installing free software programs.
Be wary of invitations to download software from unknown internet
sources.

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PROTECT PASSWORDS
Do not share your passwords, and always make new passwords difficult to
guess by avoiding dictionary words, and mixing letters, numbers and
punctuation.
Do not use one of these common passwords or any variation of them:
qwerty1, abc123, letmein, password1, iloveyou1, (yourname1), baseball1.

Change your passwords periodically.

When choosing a password:


o Mix upper and lower case letters
o Use a minimum of 8 characters
o Use mnemonics to help you remember a difficult password
Store passwords in a safe place. Consider using KeePass Password Safe
(http://keepass.info/), Keychain (Mac) or an encrypted USB drive to store
passwords. Avoid keeping passwords on a Post-it under your keyboard, on
your monitor or in a drawer near your computer!
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BACK UP IMPORTANT FILES


Reduce your risk of losing important files to a virus, computer
crash, theft or disaster by creating back-up copies.
Keep your critical files in one place on your computers hard drive
so you can easily create a back up copy.
Save copies of your important documents and files to a CD, online
back up service, flash or USB drive, or a server.
Store your back-up media in a secure place away from your
computer, in case of fire or theft.
Test your back up media periodically to make sure the files are
accessible and readable.

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e
Hom

CYBER-SAFETY AT HOME

Physically secure your computer by using security cables and


locking doors and windows in the dorms and off-campus housing.
Avoid leaving your laptop unsupervised and in plain view in the
library or coffee house, or in your car, dorm room or home.
Set up a user account and password to prevent unauthorized
access to your computer files.
Do not install unnecessary programs on your computer.
Microsoft users can download the free Secunia Personal Software
Inspector (https://psi.secunia.com/), which lets you scan your
computer for any missing operating system or software patches
and provides instructions for getting all the latest updates.

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Wo

CYBER-SAFETY AT WORK

Be sure to work with your technical support coordinator before


implementing new cyber-safety measures.
Talk with your technical support coordinator about what cybersafety measures are in place in your department.
Report to your supervisor any cyber-safety policy violations,
security flaws/weaknesses you discover or any suspicious activity
by unauthorized individuals in your work area.
Physically secure your computer by using security cables and
locking building/office doors and windows.
Do not install unnecessary programs on your work computer.

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pus
Camvice
Ser s

CAMPUS CYBER-SAFETY SERVICES

UC Davis offers services and software to protect the campus


network
against cyber-safety attacks. These include:
Services

Campus email virus filtering


Campus firewall services
Email attachment filtering
Vulnerability scanning
Intrusion prevention system

Software

Free anti-virus software:


Sophos Anti-virus
Free encryption software:
Pointsec for PC
Free change management
software: Tripwire

Additional information about these and other campus cyber-safety services, visit
http://security.ucdavis.edu.

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QUESTIONS?
For more information about cyber-safety at UC Davis, visit
http://security.ucdavis.edu.
For answers to questions about this tutorial, contact
itsecurity@ucdavis.edu.
For help implementing a cyber-safety measure on your
work/school computer, contact IT Express at (530) 7544357.

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CYBER-SAFETY BASICS QUICK QUIZ


1. True or False? Viruses can be transmitted via email, email attachments or IM.
2. People who seek out your personal information and then use it to commit crimes are
called:_____________________
3. Which of the following are ways to help prevent identity theft. (Check all that apply.)
__A. Never send personal information via email or instant messages.
__B. Always send personal information via email or instant messages.
__C. Lock my office door.
__D. Dont tell anybody my name.
4. True or False? Iloveyou2 is a good password. Why or why not?
5. Which anti-virus program is available to all UC Davis students, faculty and staff for free?
________________________
6. I just downloaded a free program online and now my computer is running very, very slowly. Which of the
following most likely happened?
__A. I didnt install the program properly.
__B. I didnt have enough space on my hard drive for the new program.
__C. I downloaded spyware and/or adware, too.
__D. Someone snuck in while the program was downloading and changed my password.
7. ___________________help prevent your computer from responding to pings (calls) from hackers.
8. To fix problems with my operating system and/or application software, I should install __________________.

Answers on next slide . . .

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QUICK QUIZ ANSWERS


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

True
Identity thieves
A and C are correct. D would probably help too, but seems a bit extreme!
False. Iloveyou2 is a very common password.
Sophos Anti-Virus is free to UC Davis students, faculty and staff.
C. Its most likely that you downloaded spyware and/or adware.
Firewalls
OS and/or software updates (patches)

How did you do?


8-7 correct: Fantastic! You can help write the next quiz!
6-5 correct: Good. You can help write the next quiz, but well check it for accuracy . . .
just in case.
4-3 correct: You might want to review the material for the questions you missed.

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ONE MORE THING . . .


We want to hear from you! Send stories about your cyber-safety experience, or
suggestions for additional information that we should include in this tutorial or
on the
security Web site, to Julie McCall at itsecurity@ucdavis.edu.
Thank you!

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REFERENCES
UC Davis Cyber-safety Program policy (PPM 310-22)
(http://manuals.ucdavis.edu/ppm/310/310-22.htm)
UC Davis Cyber-safety Program
(http://security.ucdavis.edu/cybersafety.cfm)
UC Davis Security Web Site
(http://security.ucdavis.edu)
Cyber-Safety Basics
(http://security.ucdavis.edu/cybersafetybasics.cfm)

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CREDITS
The Cyber-safety Basics tutorial is provided by:

Content by Bob Ono and Julie McCall


Design and layout by Julie McCall

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