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Perspective of CIL

on
Technology Development &
Mechanization
in reaching
1 Billion Tonne
New Delhi by 2019-20
20.01.2015

Present Technology Level


Opencast Mines:
Dragline
Shovel-Dumper Combination
Surface Miner
In-Pit Crushing & Conveying

Present Technology Level


Underground Mines
Board & Pillar Method
: Drill Blast
- Intermediate technologies with SDLs and
LHDs
- Blasting Gallery Technology

: Continuous Miner Technology

Long wall / Shortwall Technology

High wall Technology

Coal Production (13-14): UG &


OC
Mode

In Million Tonnes

UG Coal

36.11

OC Coal
Departmental

195.85

Hired

230.46

Total OC
Total CIL (UG + OC)

426.31
462.42

Existing Size & Population of


Equipment- CIL Mines
OC Mines:
Draglines ( 5 m3 to 30 m3)

: 36 Nos

Excavators (1.2 m3 to 42 m3)

: 704 Nos

Dumpers (35 T to 240 T)

: 2829 Nos

Crawler Dozer (320 HP to 850 HP)

: 916 Nos

Drill (100 mm to 350 mm)

: 676

UG
NosMines:
SDL/LHD (1.5 m3 to 3.5 m3)
Nos

: 668/340

Technology wise Coal Production


(Mt) - CIL
Technology

2013-14

Open Cast
Mechanized
Sub-Total - OC

426.31
426.31

Under-Ground
SDL

14.74

LHD

16.77

Continuous Miner

2.42

Short-wall

0.054

High-wall

0.37

Sub-Total - UG

34.357

Technology wise OC Coal Production (Mt)


- CIL
Mode

2013-14

Open Cast
Mechanized

426.31

Technology wise Coal Production


(Mt) - CIL
Mode

2013-14

Under Ground (Mt)

34.357

*One Bt Production: Projection for Next 5 Years

Mt

* 908 Mt identified; Further identification

OB Removal Projection (MM3) CIL

Present Striping Ratio: 1.8; In 19-20, Striping Ratio 2.75

Future Options of Technology


& Mechanization
Perspective of CIL

Technology Up-gradation Exploration


Sl
N
o

Present Level of
Technology

Future Perspective

Mechanical &
Hydrostatic drilling

More use of Hydrostatic Drilling


for fast drilling to achieve high
rate

Limited use of
geophysical loggers

More use of geophysical


loggers

Drilling mostly by Coring

Optimization of number of
coring boreholes based on the
complexity of geology of the
block

Technology Up-gradation Exploration


Sl
N
o
4

Present Level of
Technology
Use of 2D Seismic
Survey, Magnetic &
resistivity survey, etc

Future Perspective

More use of 2D/3D Seismic


Survey Technology
Use of High Resolution Seismic
Survey

R&D for using 3D inverse modeling of Gravity, Magnetic


and Audio-Magneto-Telluric (AMT) geo-physical technique
has been taken up

Technology Up-gradation Mine Planning &


Surveying
Sl
N
o
1

Present Level of
Technology
MINEX software
currently being used
for Opencast mines

Future Perspective

Plan for extensive use of


planning software for opencast
mines
Up-gradation in planning process
in terms of process flow, analysis
undertaken, tools used

Auto-cad being used


for underground

Use of latest planning software


for underground mines

Theodolite for survey


purposes

Use of Laser Survey Technology


for output measurement

Technology Up-gradation OC Mines


Particular
s

Present Level of
Technology
Shovel-Dumper
combinations are in
operations in many
mines

OB
OB Crushing not being
Removal
done at present
&
Coal
Production
Draglines used for OB
Removal varies from 5
m3 to 30 m3

Future Perspective
Consideration of high
capacity equipment,
wherever feasible, for
replacement and mine
expansion programme
Scope for undertaking
OB Crushing;
Deployment for
Surface Miners in OB
benches
Potential for more use
of higher Size
draglines

Technology Up-gradation OC Mines


Particular
s

Present Level of
Technology
Use of Surface Miners

Future Perspective
More use of Surface
Miners for the purpose
of selective mining,
maintaining quality of
coal etc
Ripper Dozer in
removing OB near the
villages

OB
Removal
&
Haul Road
Extensive use of high
Coal
Production maintenance by motor- capacity motor graders
grader
& vibratory road rollers,
ripper dozer to establish
& maintenance of haul
roads,
Use of RCC in Haul roads

Technology Up-gradation OC Mines


Particular
s

Transport of
Coal from
Mine to
loading
point

Present Level of
Technology
Coal loading
through front end
loader with
dumpers, CHP &
Silo arrangement
with conveyors

Future Perspective
Installation of more CHP &
Silos for faster loading
Increase use of In-Pit
Crushing & Conveying
System
Use of Angle conveyors
including high angle
conveyors, Skip
conveyors, Tube Conveyors,
Flexible Conveyors

Coal Transportation
through rail, road,
MGR, conveyors &
aerial ropeways

To continue with the


existing modes &
Slurry Transportation

Technology Up-gradation OC Mines


Particulars

Present Level of
Technology

Break down
Maintenance maintenance,
Management preventive
maintenance

Mining
steeply
dipping
seams

Conventional Mining

Future Perspective
Up-gradation of
workshops with
modern facilities,
On-line machine
health check up,
Routine condition
monitoring
Redesign open cut
mines to reduce haul
distances and
elevations & dump
schedules.

Technology Up-gradation UG Mines


Particulars

Drivage of
Shafts
/Inclines/
Drifts

Present Level
of
Technology

For opening
new /
expansion of
mines,
conventional
technology for
drivage of
shafts, inclines/
drifts are in
vouge

Future Perspective

Use of high speed drivage


equipment with advanced
technology for drivage of
shafts, inclines/ drifts

Technology Up-gradation UG Mines


Particulars

Present Level
of Technology
Intermediate
technology
(SDL/LHD)
deployed in
majority of mines

Mass production
UG
Mechanization technology (CM )
in limited mines
& Mining
Methods
High wall /
Shortwall
technology

Future Perspective
High capacity CMs, thin
seam CMs, Miner bolter for
faster drivage , high
capacity shuttle cars,
Flexible conveyor trains
with CM,
Longwall/shortwall
technology
Highwall technology
Application of Hydraulic
Mining
Use of Raise Borer for steep
seams

Technology Up-gradation UG Mines


Particulars

Men &
Material
transportatio
n

Present Level of
Technology

Future Perspective

Man-riding system (chair


lift, rail car) is in use in
some mines

Extensive use of such


systems along with multi
utility vehicles & diesel
equipment

Rope haulages/ Belt


conveyors from face to
pit bottom / incline
Modernization
mouth.
of dispatch
Steam/ Electrical winders
and coal
for vertical transport
evacuation

Skip loading
arrangement in vertical
transport
More nos of strata
bunkers,
Extensive use of belt
conveyors

Technology Up-gradation UG Mines


Particulars

Present Level of
Technology
Hand held drills

Drilling
Technology

Technology
to fill up
decoaled
area

Ventilation
Planning/
Infrastructur
e

UDM, Jumbo drills

Future Perspective
Replacement of hand held
drills with pneumatic
/hydraulic drills, UDM,
Jumbo drills

Sand stowing method


mostly followed

Use of crushed OB with


water to fill up voids, high
speed stowing
Possibility of using fly ash
with chemical under study

Designed in line with


existing regulations
mostly with bricks

Use of Leak proof stopping

V-Net software for


ventilation planning

Use of other available


ventilation planning
software,

Technology Up-gradation Mine Safety


Particulars

Present Level of
Technology

Future Perspective

Convergence Recorder,
Extensometer, Load
Cells & tale tale
Strata
Control
Mgmt

Development of Sensors and


use of modern on-line
network system
Development of hidden slip
Sensors using on-line
& geo-logical disturbance
network system at some detectors
placs
Integration of strata
monitoring with support
Advanced Slope Monitoring
devices for OC

Gas Chromatograph for


mine air sampling
On-line continuous
Mine Gas & monitoring through
Fire Control sensors based
Environmental TeleMgmt
Monitoring systems
(ETMS), LMD

More use of Gas


Chromatograph
More use of ETMS, LMD
Use of Tube Bundle system
for mine air sample analysis

Technology Up-gradation Mine Safety


Particulars

UG
Communicati
on & Tracking
system

Subsidence
Control
Measures

Present Level of
Technology

Future Perspective

UG telephone with
cables being used

Latest ug communication
technology(leaky feeders,
wireless)
Tracking System based on
Radio Frequency, Medium
Frequency, Wide Fidelity (WIFI), Optical Fiber, GIS &
Through the Earth (TTE)

Tracking system
under trial in a few
mines under R &D

Level surveying

Satellite or remote sensing


imagery / photography

Thickness of barriers Directional drilling, seismic


Water Danger with old water-logged survey technology
workings by drilling
Management

Technology Up-gradation Mine Safety


Particular Present Level of Future Perspective
s
Technology
Training of
workforce

Conventional
Training Modules
Simulation training
for workforce of OC

Evacuation using
Emergency Self Rescuer from
Response UG
System
Miners
Individual
Cap Lamp

Extensive use of
simulation training for
all OC & UG machines

Establishment of
Refuse Chamber in UG
for safe shelter

Conventional
Light duty cap lamps
heavy duty battery
with normal bulb

Technology Up-gradation Mine


Safety
Particulars Present Level
of Technology

Future Perspective

Conventional &
Digitization of
Mine Plan
Maintenance Mine Plan

3D Simulation of Mine
Plan

Blasting
Technology

Conventional
Technology

Advanced technology

Technology Up-gradation Information


Technology

Particulars

Present Level of
Technology

Future Perspective

Limited use of IT - OITDS,


GPS/GPRS, Inventory
Management & in office set
up

More use of IT in
equipment monitoring
for example, Vehicle
tracking system using
GPS/GPRS,
Monitoring using Laser
Scanners

Use of IT

Inventory
management
Safety management
Office set-up
ERP
Solutions

Coalnet developed by IIT is


in use

Migration to latest ERP


solution

Other System Improvements


E procurement of equipment &
spares
E Tender of Work & Services
Establishment of connectivity

Coal Beneficiation

17 Coal Beneficiation Plants with a capacity of 39.40 Mtpa


exist

~ Coking Coal: 24.40 Mtpa with application of HM Bath, JIG, HM


Cyclone, Hydro Cyclone, Froth Flotation Technology.
~ Non-Coking Coal : 14.00 Mtpa with application of JIG, Cyclone,
Froth Flotation Technology

15 new washeries (Total Capacity 93.10 Mty) identified for


construction on Build-Operate-Maintain scheme (BOM) in 1st
Phase

BOM Scheme Selected Bidders will Design, Construct, Operate &

Coal Beneficiation Details of New


washeries
Sl.
No

Compan
y

Name

Type

Capacity
(Mty)

Remarks
Construction
work in
progress

Madhuban

5.00

Patherdih

5.00

Dahibari

1.60

BCCL

Patherdih

Coking

2.5

Dugda

2.5

Bhojudih

2.0

Ashoka

10

Konar

7.0

Karo

2.5

10

Basundhara

11

Hingula

12

CCL

MCL

14
15

SECL

NonCoking

10.00
10.00

IB Vally

10.00

Jagannath

10.00

Kusmunda

10.00

THANK YOU

Equipment Projection* : OC
HEM
M

2015-16
Add

Repl

2016-17
Add

Repl

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Add

Add

Add

Repl

Repl

Tota
l

Repl

Dragline (Cum)
24

05

Shovel (cum)
<5

59

17

81

21

99

100

109

11

414

28

10

11

12

12

11

111

10

18

19

39

49

15

12

169

20

12

11

14

68

34/42

10

10

17

13

51

Surface Miner
4

* Based on the assessment made by Subsidiaries

Equipment Projection* : OC
2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

21

55

2018-19

2019-20 Total

HEM
Rep
Rep
Rep
Rep
Rep
M
Add
Add
Add
Add
Add
l
l
l
l
l
Dumper
35T

21

60T

151 109 217

100T

161 30

136 331

103

76

53

59

118

71

1321

279

45

413

14

115

29

116

12

1214

190T

30

30

54

97

45

114

386

240T

18

30

88

20

84

240

* Based on the assessment made by Subsidiaries

Equipment Projection* : OC
HEM
M

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Add

Repl

Add

Repl

Add

Repl

Add

Repl

Add

Repl

35
20

44
24

16
19

65
22

26
23

20
20

7
15

17
10

11
0

273
169

18

13

67

DOZER (HP)
410
32
320
16
850

Tota
l

2015-16

20

DRILLS (MM)
160

22

24

46

22

43

19

15

19

13

229

250

31

47

10

129

380

11

31

GRADER (HP)
280

16

500

10

16

* Based on the assessment made by Subsidiaries

Equipment Projection* : UG
UG

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

Tot
a
l

Add Repl Add Repl Add Repl Add Repl Add Repl
SDL
LHD
CM
PSL
W

45

110

42

38

254

19

22

22

21

32

116

22

46

05

* Based on the assessment made by Subsidiaries