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KELOMPOK 7: RISTANTI PUTRI

WL
RITA NOVITA
SELI NOVIYANA
SITI NURUL ULFAH
SITI ZANNIRA

A. PENGERTIAN DAN PERAN GERUND


Gerund adalah kata kerja (verb) yang ditambah ing (verb +
ing) dan berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Dengan kata lain,
gerund adalah kata kerja yang dibendakan/diubah menjadi kata
benda dengan menambahkan ing.
Dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris, gerunds mempunyai peran sebagai
berikut:
1.Gerunds as subject
Berikut ini contoh-contoh gerunds yang berfungsi sebagai subject:
-Readingis not my hobby.
-Swimming is better than running.
2. Gerunds as object
Contohnya :
-I likereading.
-She goes swimming every morning.
-Their favorite sport is running.

3. Gerunds as Subjective Complement


Gerund sebagai pelengkap subjek dalam kalimat biasanya selalu
didahului tobe yang terletak di antara subject dan subjective
complement.
contoh :
-Her favorite sport isswimming.
4. Gerunds as object of preposition
Gerund sebagai objek dari preposisi terletak setelah preposisi,
misalnya; for, before, without, in, at, after, dll.
Contoh;
I will wash the dishes after eating.
You cannot be rich man without working.
5. Gerunds after possessive adjective
Gerunds jugaseringkitajumpaisetelah possessive adjective.

Contoh:
Thanks for yourcoming.

6. Gerunds after NO
Dalam kalimat larangan, kita sering memakai kata No dan
setelahnya biasanya diletakkan verb + ing yaitu gerunds. Contoh:
No Smoking!
No parking in this area!
7. Gerunds after certain verbs
Dalam bahasa Inggris, ada beberapa kata kerja tertentu yang
bila kita ingin memasukan kata kerja sesudah kata kerja tersebut,
maka kata kerja setelahnya harusnya berbentuk gerund atau verb +
ing.
Berikut ini daftar kata kerja-kata kerja tersebut beserta contoh
kalimatnya:
Admit
Advise
Allow
Anticipate
Appreciate
Avoid

:
:
:
:
:
:

He admitted cheating on the test.


The doctor generally advised drinking low-fat milk.
Ireland doesn't allow smoking in bars.
I anticipated arriving late.
I appreciated her helping me.
He avoided talking to her.

Begin
can't bear
can't help
can't see
can't stand
Cease
Complete
Consider
Continue
Defend
Delay
Deny
Despise
Discuss
Dislike
Mind
Dread
Encourage
Enjoy
Finish
forget

: I began learning Chinese.


: He can't bear having so much responsibility.
: He can't help talking so loudly.
: I can't see paying so much money for a car.
: He can't stand her smoking in the office.
: The government ceased providing free healthcare.
: He completed renovating the house.
: She considered moving to New York.
: He continued talking.
: The lawyer defended her making such statements.
: He delayed doing his taxes.
: He denied committing the crime.
: She despises waking up early.
: We discussed working at the company.
: She dislikes working after 5 PM.
: I don't mind helping you.
: She dreads getting up at 5 AM.
: He encourages eating healthy foods.
: We enjoy hiking.
: He finished doing his homework.
: I forgot giving you my book.

hate
Imagine :
Involve :
Keep :
Like :
Love :
Mention :
Miss :
neglect
homework.
permit
restaurants.
Postpone :
Practice :
Prefer :
propose :
quit
Recall :
Recollect :
Recommend :
regret :
Remember
yesterday.

: I hate cleaning the bathroom.


He imagines working there one day.
The job involves traveling to Japan once a month.
She kept interrupting me.
She likes listening to music.
I love swimming.
He mentioned going to that college.
She misses living near the beach.
: Sometimes she neglects doing her
: California does not permit smoking in
He postponed returning to Paris.
She practiced singing the song.
He prefers sitting at the back of the movie theater.
I proposed having lunch at the beach.
: She quit worrying about the problem.
Tom recalled using his credit card at the store.
She recollected living in Kenya.
Tony recommended taking the train.
She regretted saying that.
: I remember telling her the address

require
: The certificate requires completing two
courses.
Resent
: Nick resented Debbie's being there.
Resist
: He resisted asking for help.
Risk : He risked being caught.
Start
: He started studying harder.
Stop
: She stopped working at 5 o'clock.
Suggest
: They suggested staying at the hotel.
Tolerate
: I tolerated her talking.
Try : Sam tried opening the lock with a paperclip.
Understand
: I understand his quitting.
Urge
:They urge recycling bottles and paper
8. Gerunds as Apossitive
contoh:
- My hobby, fishing, is interesting.
- I do not like quarrelling, a useless job.
My hobby is fishing dan fishing is interesting diletakkan
bersebelahan dalam sebuah kalimat sebagai appositive (fishing
adalaha posisi dari my hobby), begitu juga contoh kalimat

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
Schrampfer Azar,Betty : Fundamentals Of
English Grammar.2003,United States Of
America
http://search.com/?
category=Web&p=1&st=dd&q=materi+gerun
dremidibahasainggris.blogspot.com/2011/12/gerund.ht
ml
http://search.sidecubes.com/?q=materi
%20materi%20tentang%20gerund
%20&p=4&category=Web&st=dn
http://www.caramudahbelajarbahasainggris.net
/2014/04/penjelasan-dan-contoh-mengenaigerund-phrase-dalam-bahasa-inggris.html