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TOTAL PRODUCTIVE

MAINTENANCE

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

GOAL
1. Increase production while,
at the same time, increasing
employee morale and job
satisfaction.
2. Hold emergency &
unscheduled maintenance to
a minimum.
Maintenance is no longer regarded
as a Non Profit activity.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

Why we need TPM ?


The major objectives of the TPM are listed as under :
1.
2.
3.
4.

Avoid wastage in quickly changing environment.


Reduce Cost of Manufacturing.
Produce a low batch quantity at the earliest possible time.
Goods send to Customers must be non defective

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

TYPES OF MAINTENANCE
Breakdown Maintenance
2.
Preventive Maintenance
a). Periodic Maintenance
b). Predictive Maintenance
3. Corrective Maintenance
4. Maintenance Prevention
1.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

TPM TARGETS
1.
PRODUCTION

I). Obtain Minimum 80% Overall Production Efficiency


ii). Obtain Minimum 90% Overall Equipment
Effectiveness
iii). Run the Machine during lunchtime
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

QUALITY
Operate in a manner, so that there are no customer
complaint
COST
Reduce the manufacturing cost by ----- Per Cent
DELIVERY
Achieve 100% success in delivering the goods as required
by the customer
SAFETY
Maintain an accident free environment
MULTYTASK
Develop multiskilled & flexible workers.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

Motives of TPM
a)
b)
c)

Adoption of Life Cycle approach for improving the overall


performance of production equipments
Improving Productivity by highly motivated workers which
is achieved by Job Enlargement
Formation of team of volunteers for activities viz, cause of
failure, possible reduction of cycle time; and equipment /
process modifications.

Uniqueness of TPM
The major difference between TPM and other concepts is that the
operators are also made to involve in the maintenance process.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

Direct Benefits of TPM


1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Increase Productivity and


Overall Plant Efficiency by 1.5
to 2 times
Rectify customers complaints
Reduce manufacturing cost by
.percent
Satisfy the customers needs
by 100%
Reduce accidents
Comply with all relevant
governmental regulations

Indirect Benefits of TPM


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Higher confidence level among


the workers
Keep the work place clean, neat
and attractive
Favourable change in the
attitude of the operators
Achieve goals by working as
Team
Share knowledge and
experience
The worker get a feeling of
OWNING the machine

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

Introducing TPM at a Production Unit


STEP 1. Preparatory Stage

Announcement by TOP MANAGEMENT to all about TPM


introduction in the organization
Initial education and publicity for TPM
Setting up TPM & Departmental committees
Establishing the TPM working systems & target
A master plan for institutionalizing

STEP 2. Introduction Stage


STEP 3. Implementation
STEP 4. Institutionalizing Stage

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

5S
Autonomus
Maintenance
Planned
Maintenance

TOP
MANAGEMENT

TPM
OFFICE

TPM Responsible
Plant Manager

Individual
Improvement

Quality
Maintenance

Early Equipment
Management

Safety

Training &
Development

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .

PILLARS OF TPM
JISHU HOZEN
KOBETSU KAIZEN
Planned Maintenance
Quality Maintenance
Training
Office TPM
Safety , Health & Environment

5S

SEIRI SEITON SEISO

SEIKETSU SHITSUKE

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM

PILLAR 1 : 5 S
TPM starts with 5S. Problems can not be clearly seen
when the workplace is unorganized. Cleaning and
organizing the workplace helps the team to uncover
problems. Making problems visible is the FIRST
STEP of improvement.
SEIRI
SEITON
SEISO
SEIKETSU
SHITSUKE

SORTOUT
ORGANIZE
SHINE THE WORKPLACE
STANDARDIZATION
SELF DISCIPLINE

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 2 :JISHU HOZEN
(Autonomus Maintenance)
This pillar is geared towards developing
Operators to be able to take care of
small maintenance tasks, thus freeing
up skilled maintenance people to
spend time on more value added
activity and technical repairs. The
operators are responsible for up keep
of their equipment to prevent it from
deteriorating.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 2 :JISHU HOZEN.
POLICY
1.
2.
3.
4.

Uninterrupted operation of equipments


Flexible operators to operate & maintain other equipments
Eliminating the defects at source through active employee participation
Stepwise implementation of JISHU HOZEN activities.

JH TARGETS
1.
2.
3.

Reduce process time by %


Reduce oil/ lubricants consumption by ..%
Increase use of JH

JH STEPS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Preparation of employees
Initial cleanup of machines
Take counter measures
Fix tentative JH standards
General inspection
Autonomus inspection
Standardization
Autonomus management

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM

PILLAR 3 : KAIZEN
KAI means change and ZEN means good (for the better).
Basically Kaizen is for small improvements, but carried
out on a continual basis and involves all people in the
organization. The principal behind is that a very large
number of small improvements are more effective in an
organizational environment than a few improvements of
large value.
This pillar is aimed at reducing losses in the work place
that affect our efficiencies. By using a detailed and
through procedure, we eliminate losses in a systematic
method using various Kaizen Tools. These activities are
not restricted to production areas and can be
implemented in administration area as well.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 3 : KAIZEN.
POLICY
1. Practice concepts of Zero Losses in every sphere of activities.
2. Relentless pursuit to achieve cost reduction targets in all sources.
3. Relentless pursuit to improve overall plant equipment
effectiveness.
4. Extensive use of PM analysis as tool to eliminate losses.
5. Focus on easy handling of operators.
TARGET
Achieve and sustain zero losses with respect to minor stops,
measurement and adjustments, defects and unavoidable
downtime. It also aims to achieve ..% manufacturing cost
reduction.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM

PILLAR 4 : PLANNED MAINTENANCE


It is aimed to have trouble free machines and equipments producing
defect free products for total customer satisfaction.
With planned maintenance, we evolve an effort from a reactive to a
proactive method and use trained maintenance staff to help train the
operators to better maintain their equipment.
Policy:

Achieve and sustains availability of machines


Optimum maintenance cost.
Reduce spares inventory.
Improve reliability and maintainability of machines.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 4 : PLANNED MAINTENANCE.
TARGET:
1.
Zero equipment failure and breakdown.
2.
Improve reliability and maintainability by 50%.
3.
Reduce maintenance cost by 20%.
4.
Ensure availability of spares all the time.
STEPS:

Equipment evaluation and recording present status.


Restore deterioration and improve weakness.
Building up information management system.
Prepare time based information system, select equipment, parts and
members and map on the plan.
Prepare predictive maintenance system by introducing equipment
diagnostic techniques and
Evaluation of planned maintenance.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 5 : QUALITY MAINTENANCE (QM)
It is aimed towards customer delight through highest quality through
defect free manufacturing. Focus is on eliminating non-conformances
in a systematic manner. We gain understanding of what parts of the
equipment affect product quality and begin to eliminate current quality
concerns then move to potential quality concerns. Transition is from
reactive to proactive.
POLICY:

Defect free conditions and control of equipments


QM activities to support quality assurances.
Focus of prevention of defects at source
Focus on fool proof (POKAYOKE) system.
In-line detection and segregation of defects.
Effective implementation of operator quality assurance.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 5 : QUALITY MAINTENANCE (QM)
TARGET:
Achieve and sustain customer complaints at zero.
Reduce in-process defects by 50%.
Reduce cost of quality by 50%.
DATA REQUIREMENTS:
Quality defects are classified as CUSTOMER END DEFECTS and
IN HOUSE defects. For customer-end data, we have to get data on
1. Customer end line rejection
2. Field complaints
In-house data include data related to products and data related to
process.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM

PILLAR 6 : TRAINING
It is aimed to have multi-skilled revitalized employees whose
moral is high and who has eager to come to work and perform
all required functions effectively and independently. Education is
given to operators to upgrade their skill.
The employees should be trained to achieve the form phase of
skill which are as under:
PHASE 1: Do not know.
PHASE 2: Know the theory but cannot do.
PHASE 3: Can do but cannot teach.
PHASE 4: Can do and also teach.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 6 : TRAINING.
POLICY :
1.
Focus on improvement of knowledge skill & techniques.
2.
Creating a training environment for self learning based on felt needs.
3.
Training curriculum/tools/assessment etc. Conductive to employees
revitalization.
4.
Training to remove employee fatigue and make work enjoyable.
TARGET:
1.
Achieve and sustain downtime due to want men at zero on critical
machines.
2.
Achieve and sustain zero losses due to lack of
knowledge/skills/Techniques
3.
Aim for 100% participation in suggestion scheme.

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 6 : TRAINING.
STEPS IN TRAINING ACTIVITES:
1. Setting policies and priorities and checking present status of
education and training.
2. Establish of training system for operations and maintenance
skill up gradation.
3. Training the employees for up gradation the operation and
maintenance skills.
4. Preparation of training calendar.
5. Kick-off the training.
6.

Evaluation of activities and study of future approach

TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE .


PILLARS OF TPM
PILLAR 7 : OFFICE TPM
Office TPM should be started after activating from other pillars of TPM (JH, KK, and
QM.PM). Office TPM must be flowed to improve productivity, efficiency in the
administrative function and identify eliminate losses. This includes analyzing process and
procedure towards increased office automation. Office TPM covers twelve major losses.
These are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

Processing loss
Cost loss including in areas such as procurement, accounts marketing leading to high
inventories.
Communication loss.
Idle loss.
Set-up loss.
Accuracy loss
Office equipment breakdown.
Communication channel breakdown.
Time spent on retrieval of information.
Non availability of correct on line stock status.
Customer complaints due to logistics.
Expense on emergency dispatches/purchases.