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07.

Unit Rate for Brick walls


Standard size of the brick

= 215mm x 102.5mm x 65mm

With 10mm mortar joint

= 225mm x 112.5mm x 75mm

Half brick thick wall (112.5mm thick)


Stretcher Bond
1m

1m

65mm
215m
m

1o2.5m
m

No of bricks per 1m2

1x1
.225 x .075
= 59.25 No
= 60 No

Required volume of mortar per 1m2 = (1 x 1 x 0.1025)


60(.215x.1025x.065)
= 0.017m3
One brick thick wall
English Bond, Flemish Bond, Header Bond

1
m

1
m

215m
m

No of bricks per 1m2

= 1 x 1 x .215
.215 x .1125x .075
= 118.52 No
= 119 No

Required volume of mortar per 1m2 = (1 x 1 x .215)


119(.215x.1025x.065)
= 0.045m3
Bricks
Waste on bricks
- 2%
Labour gang for laying
- Two masons & one unskilled labour
Unloading 1000 bricks
- 2 unskilled labour hours
Distribution & handling
- 1-3 unskilled labour hours
Mortar
Shrinkage
Hand Mixing
Thickness of wall
brick thick wall
1 brick thick wall
1 brick thick wall
2 brick thick wall

- 33 1/3%
- 4 unskilled labour hours per 1m3
Gang out put
No of bricks per hr
100
120
140
160

Facing Bricks
There are two types of bricks
Wire cut bricks
Batik Bricks
Also known as exposed bricks. This walls not plastered.
Waste on facing bricks - 5%
Gang out put

- 80 bricks per hour

Pointing work

- hr mason per m2 per one side

Pointing Works

Flush
Pointing

Weathered
Pointing

Recessed
Pointing

Projected
Pointing

Cost of materials delivered to site


1000 common bricks
1m3 sand

- Rs.8000.00

- Rs.2800.00

1 bag of cement

- Rs.780.00

Skilled labour per day

- Rs.1200.00

Unskilled labour per day


Overhead and profit

- Rs.800.00

- Rs.25%

1. Calculate the unit rates for the following brick work built in cement
mortar 1:5.
a. brick thick wall
b. 1 brick thick wall
c. 1 brick thick wall

Total cost of 1000 bricks


Cost of 1000 bricks

= Rs.8000.00

Unloading 2 un. s labour @ Rs.800/8

= Rs.200.00

Distribution and handling 3 un. s labour 800/8

= Rs.300.00

= Rs.8500.00
Wastage 2%
Total cost

= Rs.170.00
= Rs.8670.00

Total cost of 1tonne cement


20 bags @ Rs.780.00

= Rs.15600.00

Unloading 1 un. s labour Rs.800/8


= Rs.15700.00

= Rs.100.00

08. Unit Rate for Block Work


Size of the blocks
400x200x100mm thick
400x200x150mm thick
400x200x200mm thick
Mortar Bed - 10mm thick
Waste on Blocks

- 5%

No of blocks per 1m2


=
1x1
(400x200x100)
0.41x0.21
= 11.61 Blocks
Volume of mortar

= Volume of wall Volume of blocks

Volume of mortar per 1m2


= o.007m3

= [1x1x0.1] (0.4x0.2x0.1x11.61]

Labour gang consist of 1 mason hour and un.sk. Labour hour


Thickness of wall

Unloading
Laying
Hours(Mason)

Per 1m2
100mm thick wall
150mm thick wall

1/20
1/18

200mm thick wall

2/3
3/4
1/15

Cost of blocks delivered site


400x200x100mm thick
400x200x150mm thick
400x200x200mm thick

= Rs.26.00
= Rs.38.00
= Rs.48.00

Assuming other data's as for brick work. Calculate the unit rates for
the following block work built in ct. mortar 1:5
a. 400x200x100mm thick block work
b. 400x200x150mm thick block work
c. 400x200x200mm thick block work

08. Unit Rate for Rubble Work


Skilled labour days per 1m3, 450mm thick rubble wall 1.41Days
Unskilled labour days per 1m3, 450mm thick rubble wall 2.12Days
No cost for unloading
Assume the rubble wall like a mass concrete wall
Material proportion of rubble walls
1 : 5 : 20 ( Cement : Sand : Rubble )
1 : 6 : 22 ( Cement : Sand : Rubble )
Waste on Cement - 5%
Waste on Sand- 10%
Waste on rubble

- 0%

Shrinkage

- 33.33%

Tools

- 3%

Water cement ratio - 0.55

1. 1m3 rubble delivered to site is Rs.2400.00. Assuming other


data as in brick work. Calculate the unit rate per 1m 2 of
350mm thick rubble wall built in ct. mortar 1:5
2. 1m3 rubble delivered to site is Rs.2400.00. Assuming other
data as in brick work. Also labor cost is less than in 10% with
350mm thick wall.
Calculate the unit rate per 1m2 of
450mm thick rubble wall built in ct. mortar 1:6

09. Unit Rate for D.P.C & DPM


Damp proof course (D.P.C)
1. Calculate the unit rate for 19mm thick D.P.C in cement sand 1:2, finished with 2
coats of hot bitumen and blinded with sand
Data for 10m2 of D.P.C
Cement Bags - 2.24 Bags
Sand

- 0.34m3

Bitumen- 6.83L
Skilled Labour days

- 1.34 Days

U.Sk. Labour days

- 2.69 Days

For tools

- 3%

Damp proof membrane (D.P.M)


02. Calculate the unit rate for polythene type 1000 damp proof membrane (DPM) on
compacted fill with 60mm wide sealing tape per 10m2

Data for 10m2 of D.P.M


Polythene

- 12.4m2

Sealing Tape - 25m


Skilled Labour days

- 0.10 Days

U.Sk. Labour days

- 0.20 Days

For tools

- 2%

10. Unit Rate for Painting Works


1. With a 5L can 68m2 can be painted as the first coat and 72m2 as the second coat. A
painter takes 8.5 hours to paint 100m2 . The cost of 1L paint is Rs.800.00. waste is
10%. A painter is paid Rs.1200.00 per 8 hours day and brushes allow 5% of labour
cost. Over head & profit is 25%. Calculate a unit rate per m2 of applying 2 coats of
emulsion paint on a wall.
Required paint per 1m2 for 1st coat
= 0.074l

= 5/68 l

Required paint per 1m2 for 2nd coat


= 0.069l

= 5/72 l

Material
Cost of 0.074l paint @ Rs.800.00

= Rs.59.20

Cost of 0.069l paint @ Rs.800.00

= Rs.55.20

Waste 10%

= Rs.11.44

Labour
Cost of painter 2 @ 8.5/100 @ 1200/8

= Rs.25.50

Plant
Tools 5%

= Rs.1.28
= Rs.152.62

Over Head & Profit 25%


= Rs.190.78

= Rs.38.16

11. Unit Rate for Roof Covering

410mm

Calicut Tile

1m

30m
m

85mm

255mm

1m

Size of clay tiles


Spanish Tile
Length - 350mm
Width - 200mm-150mm

Inter locking single lap tile


Length - 310mm 480mm
Width - 225mm 255mm
Ridge tiles
Length - 300mm -450mm
Width - 200mm
Half Round ridge tile

Segmented ridge tile

Angle ridge tile

Hog Back ridge tile

Distance between rafters for Calicut tile roof

- 450mm 600mm

Distance between reapers for Calicut tile roof

- 325mm

No of tiles required for 1m2 of roof work


[0.41-0.085] [0.255-0.03]
- 13.67 tiles
No of reapers

- 1/0.325 +1
- 4.08Nos

Total length of reapers

-4.08 x 1
- 4.08m

1x1

No of rafters

- 1/0.6 + 1
- 2.67Nos

Total length of rafters

-2.67 x 1
- 2.67 m

No of nails for 1m2 of roof


50mm nails

- 12Nos
- 200 nails in 1Kg

Unloading 1000 tiles


Waste on tile

- 3 unskilled labour hours


- 5%

Waste on reapers & Rafters


Waste on nails
Special Skilled Labour hours
Unskilled Labour hours

- 10%
- 10%
- 1 (Per 1m2-Til laying)
- 1.15 (Per 1m2-fixing frame)

Apply wood preservatives (per 1m2)

- 0.1L

Unskilled labour for applying preservatives


Cost of wood preservatives per 1L

- 0.6h
- Rs.350.00

Cost of 1000 tiles delivered to site without unloading


Cost of 1m 50mm x25mm reaper

- Rs.24.00

Cost of 1m 100mmx50mm rafter

- Rs.200.00

50mm nails per 1kg

- Rs.150.00

Over Head and Profit

- 25%

Calculate unit rate per 1m2 of tile covering

- Rs.18,000.00

Cost of 1000 tiles


Cost of 1000 tiles
= Rs.18,000.00
Unloading 3 unskilled labour @ 800/8
= Rs.300.00
Total Cost
= Rs.18,300.00
Materials
14 Nos roof tiles @ Rs.18.30
Wastage 5%

= Rs.256.20
= Rs.12.81

4.08m reapers @ Rs. 24.00


Wastage 10%

= Rs.97.92
= Rs.9.79

2.67m rafters @ Rs.200.00


Wastage 10%

= Rs.534.00
= Rs.53.40

12 nos of 50mm nails @ Rs.150/200


Wastage 10%

= Rs.9.00

= Rs.0.90

0.1L of wood preservatives @ Rs.350.00

= Rs.35.00

Wastage 10%

Rs.1012.52

= Rs.3.50

Labour
1 h skilled labour @ 800/8
= Rs.100.00
1.15 h unskilled labour @ 1200/8
= Rs.172.50
0.6h unskilled labour for app. Pre. @ 800/8 = Rs.60.00 Rs.332.50
Plant/Tools
3% for tools

Over Head and Profit 25%

= Rs.9.98
Rs.1355.00

Rs.9.98

= Rs.338.75
Rs.1693.75

Rs.338.75

Ridging covering with Calicut ridge tiles bedded in cement


mortar 1:4 per 3m

300mm Calicut tile

- 10Nos

Cement

- 0.37Bag

Sand

- 0.06m3

Special Skilled labour

- 0.27 Days

Unskilled Labour

- 0.23 Days

Tools

- 3%

Asbestos Sheets covering roof


Size of asbestos sheets - 1.75m (5 9 ) 1090mm (3.5 Ft) ( 2 Joist for
one sheet )
- 2.50m (8 2 ) 1090mm (3.5 Ft) ( 3 Joist for one sheet )
- 3.00m (9 9 ) 1090mm (3.5 Ft) ( 3 Joist for one sheet )

Side Lap

- 100mm

Minimum end lap - 150mm

50mm

100m
m

Types of washers and hooks


1. Felt Washers

2. Rubber Washers

3. Diamond Washers

4. J Bolt

5. Hook Bolt

Fixing Asbestos Sheets

Calculate unit rate per 1m2 of asbestos roof


3m
covering

3m

150m
m

100m
m

Minimum distance between rafters


600mm

- 450mm

No of sheets required for 1m2 of roof work


[1.75-0.150] [1.090-0.100]
- 5.68 sheets
No of rafters

- 3/0.600 +1
- 6 Nos

Total length of rafters

-6x3
- 18m

No of battens (Joist)

- 3 Nos

Total length of battens

-3x3
- 9m

3x3

No of J Bolts for 9m2 of roof

- 9 Nos

No of hook Bolts for 3m2 of roof

- 6 Nos

Waste on roofing sheets

- 5%

Waste on battens & Rafters

- 10%

Waste on nails

- 10%

Special Skilled Labour hours


Unskilled Labour hours

- 0.6 (Per 1m2- lay. Roofing sh.)


- 0.73 (Per 1m2-fixing frame)

Apply wood preservatives (per 1m2)

- 0.1L

Unskilled labour for applying preservatives (per 1m2)


Cost of wood preservatives per 1L

- Rs.350.00

Cost of 1m 50mm x50mm battens (1ft)

- Rs.28.00

Cost of 1m 100mmx50mm rafter

- Rs.200.00

Cost of J Bolt with all accessories

-Rs. 90.00

Cost of hook bolt with all accessories

-Rs.22.00

Cost of roofing sheet with loading unloading & Tr. Po.


Over Head and Profit

- 0.6h

- 25%

-Rs.1600.00

For tools

- 3%

For Scaffoldings

- 2%

Calculate unit rate per 1m2 of asbestos roof covering

Roof Framing
The basic unit of supply for timber used in carpentry is the m 3.
Structural timber is measured in m with stating the size.
Unloading 2 unskilled labour hours per 1m3
Waste 10 %
Nails - allow 3 kg per 1m3 ( 50mm - 150mm)
Item

Carpenter Hours
per m3

Unskilled Labour
Hours m3

Wall Plate

18

2.25

Ridge plate and


ceiling joist

24

Rafters

36

4.5

Purling, Ties, Struts

48

Calculate the unit rate per 1m2 for timber frame work for following
Calicut tile roof in building consisting of 100x75 purling, 100x50 rafters,
50x150 ridge plate, 100x75 wall plate and 50x25 reapers.
50x150 Ridge
Plate

25x50 Reapers

Cost of 100x75 purling - Rs.


Cost of 100x50 rafters - Rs.

75x100 Purling

Cost of 50x150 ridge plate - Rs.


- Rs.

Cost of 50x25 reapers - Rs.


Cost of 75mm wire nails
For tools

- 3%

For Scaffoldings

- 2%

75x100 Wall
Plate

- Rs.

300mm

10
m

Cost of 100x75 wall plate

50x100 Rafters

18
m

Calculate the unit rate for 19x225mm high valance board fixed with
brass screws with 600mm centers per 30m.
Special Skilled Labour

- 2.69Days

Unskilled Labour

- 3.29Days

For tools

- 3%

For Scaffoldings

- 2%

Wastage of wood

- 5%

Cost of 19mm Wood plank - Rs.


Cost of 2 brass screws - Rs.

12. Unit Rate for Ceiling

4000mm

4600mm

1200m
m

50mm

100x50 Ceiling
Joist
X

Plan

50x25
Reapers

50x50
Battens

Section x-x

13.Roof Plumbing

Fittings

Fittings

End Cap
Running
Head
Angles
Gutter Head

Swan Neck
Shoes
Bends

End Cap

Gutter Head

Running
Head

Sawn Neck

Gutter Angle

Down Pipe
Shoe

Down Pipe
Bend

Down Pipe Brackets

Gutter Brackets

Length of a gutter

- 3.8m 4m

Down Pipes above 60mm dia. Length

- 4m

Down Pipes below 60mm dia. Length

- 6m

01. The BOQ description for gutter is as follows.


150mm pvc half round eaves gutter with solvent cement joints fixed to fascia board
(valance board) with screwed brackets at 300mm ctrs per m. Assumed gutter supplied in
3.8m lengths. A plumber & a unskilled labour will fix 2 No of gutter lengths in an hour.
The cost of gutter length is Rs.1500.00. Fascia brackets Rs. 14.00 per No. Waste on gutter
5% . Waste on brackets 10%. Brass screws Rs. 3.50 per No and waste on screws 10%. A
50g solvent cement cost Rs. 120.00. 10g required per joint. A plumber is paid Rs.1200.00
per 8 hours day. Over Head and Profit 25%. Calculate the unit rate per m.

Gutter fittings are measured as extra over gutters


02. Calculate the rate for fixed 150mm pvc gutter head
Pvc gutter head
- 01No
Waste
- 5%
Gutter Brackets
- 02No
Waste
- 10%
20mm brass screws
- 04No
Waste
- 10%
Solvent Cement
- 12g
Plumber
- 01 Hour
Unskilled Labour
- 01 Hour
For scaffoldings
-2%
For tools
- 3%
Cost of gutter head
- Rs.554.00
03. Calculate the rate for supplying and fixing 150mm pvc end cap
End Cap
- 01 No
Waste
- 5%
Solvent Cement
- 12g
Plumber
- Hour
Unskilled Labour
- Hour
For scaffoldings
- 2%
For tools
- 3%
Cost of end cap
- Rs.84.00

04. 90mm dia. Upvc down pipes jointed with solvent cement fixed to
wall with pvc straps at 1m ctrs.
The cost of 3.8m long down pipe Rs.1300.00 per length. Waste 5% on
down pipes and 10% on others. Cost of pvc strap Rs.9.50 each. Brass
screws Rs.3.50 each. Rawl plugs Rs.2.50 each. Solvent cement 12g per
joint. A plumber and unskilled labour take one hour to fix two lengths of
down pipe. Other data as per gutters. Calculate the rate per m. Consider
two lengths of down pipes.

14. Unit Rate for pipe laying


Plumbing
Elbows and bends used to change the directions.
Bends are in different angles but elbows are only in 90 and it has a
sudden

change.

Bends can be used in smooth floor.


Tees are used to distribute two ways at once.
Reducers or enlargers are used to change the speed of the water.
Water services should be measured under plumbing, if it is below or
above

ground.

End caps are use to close the pipes.

Price lists for uPVC water pipes and fittings


Standard Length 4 Meters (13Feet)
Size

Type-1000

Type-600
PE

mm

Inch

PE

20

Rs. 168.00

25

Rs. 460.00

32

Rs. 716.00

Rs. 296.00

Reducing
Socket

Reducing
Tee

Size
mm

Inch

25 x 20

Rs.24.00

Rs.42.00

32 x 20

1 x

Rs.30.00

Rs.55.00

32 x 25

1 x

Rs.37.00

Rs.62.00

Size
Socket

Valve Faucet
Socket Socket

Elbow

Equal
Tee

mm

Inch

Bend

20

Rs.17.0 Rs.22.0 Rs.22.0 Rs.16.0 Rs.22.0 Rs.280


0
0
0
0
0
0

25

Rs.26.0 Rs.31.0 Rs.31.0 Rs.300


0
0
0
0

32

Rs.37.0 Rs.35.0 Rs.40.0 Rs.43.0 Rs.610


0
0
0
0
0

Cap
Rs.20.0
0

Rs.40.0 Rs.40.0 Rs.25.0


0
0
0
Rs.55.0 Rs.34.0
0
0

44

22

Wash
Basin

Bide
t

Water
Closet

Urinals

Barth Tub

50

3m
Wash

Water
Closet

32Type
1000

Service
Pipe

3m

Basin

25Type600

Water
Meter
3m

Retainin
g Wall

Bide
t

Urinals

Barth
Tub

V.S

L.
B

R.L.B
F.L.
B

V.S
Un
F.S

L.
B

V.S
V.S

F.S

F.T

R.
T

R.
T

E.
T

T.S

R.
S

E.
T

L.B

F.L.
B

R.
T

R.
S

Prepare the bill of quantity for the above pipe laying sketch.
1. Breakage brick work for laying 20-50 dia pvc pipes in wall per 30m.
Average depth 50mm
Cement
- 0.1Bag
Sand
- 0.03m3
Skilled Labour - 3.45Days
Unskilled Labour
- 3.45Days
For tools
- 3%
2. 25mm dia. Pvc pipe laid to walls per 3m
25mm pipe - 3m
Waste
- 10%
Solvent Cement
- 3g
Skilled Labour - 0.13Days
Unskilled Labour
- 0.13Days
Tools
- 3%

3. Supplying and fixing 20mm diameter pvc elbow/bend/socket per


10 Nrs.
20mm elbow/bend/socket
- 10Nrs
Solvent Cement
- 20g
Skilled Labour
- Days
For Tools
- 3%
4. Supplying and fixing 25mm diameter pvc elbow/bend/socket per
10 Nrs.
25mm elbow/bend/socket
- 10Nrs
Solvent Cement
- 30g
Skilled Labour
- Days
For Tools
- 3%
5. Supplying and fixing 32mm diameter pvc elbow/bend/socket per 10
Nrs.
32mm elbow/bend/socket
Solvent Cement

- 10Nrs
- 40g

6. Supplying and fixing 20mm dia. Pvc tees per 10 Nrs.


20mm pvc tee
Solvent Cement
Skilled Labour
For Tools

- 10Nrs
- 30g
- 1/2 Days
- 3%

7. Supplying and fixing 25mm dia. Pvc tees per 10 Nrs.


20mm pvc tee
Solvent Cement
Skilled Labour
For Tools

- 10Nrs
- 45g
- 1/2 Days
- 3%

8. Supplying and fixing 32mm dia. Pvc tees per 10 Nrs.


20mm pvc tee
Solvent Cement
Skilled Labour
For Tools

- 10Nrs
- 60g
- 1/2 Days
- 3%