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Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj

University, Kanpur
U.I.E.T
Rajat Ku. Sonkar
208
CHE ENGG (III YEAR)
2K12 Batch

This Powerpoint presentation is to


aware about Renewable energy and its
efficiency.
I Rajat Kumar Sonkar a member from
Sustainble Energy for All is your host.

About

Sustainable development is not possible without sustainable


energy.

The sustainable energy for all initiative brings together top


level leadership from sectors of society Government,
Business & Civil.

In September 2011, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon


shared his vision for making sustainable energy for all, a
reality by 2030.He launched sustainable energy for all as a
global initiative. that would mobilize action from all sectors
of society with three interlinked objective.

Sustainable Energy for All has generated significant


momentum since it is launched.

Developing countries & more than 85 developed countries


have partnered with SUSTAINABLE - ENERGY FOR ALL.

Sustainable energy for all objectives


Providing

universal access to modern energy service.

Doubling

the global rate of energy efficiency.

Doubling

the share of renewable energy in energy


global mix.

Sustainable Energy

Sustainable energy is the sustainable provision of sustainable


energy development that meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their
needs.

Technologies that promote sustainable energy include renewable


energy sources, such as hydroelectricity, solar energy, wind
energy, wave power, geothermal energy, bioenergy, tidal power
and also technologies designed to improve energy efficiency

Defination
a b le
Renew
energy

"Effectively, the provision of


energy such that it meets the
needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own
needs. ...Sustainable Energy has
two key components: renewable
energy and energy efficiency.

Energy which is replenishable


within a human lifetime and
causes no long-term damage to
the environment."

Ener
effic gy
iency

Sustainable
energy

Renewable energy technologies

Renewable energy technologies are essential contributors to sustainable


energy as they generally contribute to world energy security, reducing
dependence on fossil fuel resources, and providing opportunities for
mitigating greenhouse gases.

The International Energy Agency states thatFirst-generation technologies emerged from the industrial revolution at the end of
the 19th century and include hydropower, biomass combustion and geothermal
power and heat.
Second-generation technologies include solar heating and cooling,
wind power, modern forms of bioenergy and solar photovoltaics.
Third-generation technologies are still under development and
include advanced biomass gasification, biorefinery technologies,
concentrating solar thermal power, hot dry rock geothermal energy
and ocean energy. Advances in nanotechnology may also play a
major role.

First-generation technologies
Hydropower

Hydroelectricity Dams are one


of the most widely deployed
sources of sustainable energy.

Among sources of renewable energy,


hydroelectric plants have the advantages
of being long-livedmany existing plants
have operated for more than 100 years

Hydroelectric plants produce much lower


life-cycle emissions than other types of
generation

China is the development leader;


however, other Asian nations are
installing hydropower at a rapid pace.

The hydroelectric potential of the Ganges


and its tributaries has been estimated at
13 million kilowatts.

Geothermal energy

Geothermal power plants can operate 24


hours per day, providing base-load capacity,
and the world potential capacity for
geothermal power generation is estimated
at 85 GW over the next 30 years.

Geothermal power is accessible only in


limited areas of the world, including the
United States, Central America, East Africa,
Iceland, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Enhanced Geothermal Energy (EGS)


technology does not require natural
convective hydrothermal resources, so it
can be used in areas that were previously
unsuitable for geothermal power, if the
resource is very large.

EGS is currently under research at the U.S.


Department of Energy.

One of many power plants at


The Geysers, a geothermal
power field in northern
California, with a total
output of over 750 MW.

Second-generation technologies
Solar energy

The Sun is an extremely powerful


energy source, and sunlight is by far the
largest source of energy received by the
Earth, but its intensity at the Earth's
surface is actually quite low.

Solar heating systems, a fluid system to


move the heat from the collector to its
point of usage, and a reservoir or tank
for heat storage and subsequent use.

The systems may be used to heat


domestic hot water, swimming pool
water, or for space heating. The heat
can also be used for industrial
applications or as an energy input for
other uses such as cooling equipment.

11 MW solar power plant near


Serpa, Portugal

Wind Energy

Wind power, have high potential and have


already realised relatively low production
costs.

Large wind turbines (producing up to 1.8


megawatts of power) can have a blade
length of over 40 metres and be placed on
towers 80 metres.

At the end of 2008, worldwide wind farm


capacity was 120,791 megawatts (MW),
representing an increase of 28.8 percent
during the year, and wind energy produced
some 1.3% of global electricity
consumption.

The wind power industry estimates that the


world could feasibly generate 12 percent of
its total electricity from wind power by
2020.

Wind farm in Tracy, California

Wind power: worldwide installed capacity

Third Generation Technology


Tidal Energy

Diagram of a tidal power barrage

Tidal barrage power systems take advantage


of differences between high tides and low
tides by using a barrage, or type of dam,
to block receding water during ebb periods.

Many tidal power technologies are not


available at an industrial scale, and thus
tidal energy contributes a negligible
fraction of global energy today.

The total energy contained in tides


worldwide is 3,000 gigawatts.

Portugal has the world's first commercial


wave farm, the Aguadora Wave Park, under
construction in 2007. The farm will initially
use three Pelamis P-750 machines
generating 2.25 MW, and costs are put at
8.5 million euro.

Biomass Power

Bio-fuels may be defined as "renewable,"


yet may not be "sustainable," due to soil
degradation.

As of 2012, 40% of American corn


production goes toward ethanol. Ethanol
takes up a large percentage of "Clean
Energy Use" when in fact, it is still
debatable whether ethanol should be
considered as a "Clean Energy.

Crop residues (such as corn stalks, wheat


straw and rice straw), wood waste and
municipal solid waste are potential sources
of cellulosic biomass.

Brazil has one of the largest renewable


energy programs in the world, involving
production of ethanol fuel from sugarcane.

Energy efficiency

Moving towards energy sustainability will require changes not


only in the way energy is supplied, but in the way it is used,
and reducing the amount of energy required to deliver various
goods or services is essential.

Opportunities for improvement on the demand side of the


energy equation are as rich and diverse as those on the supply
side, and often offer significant economic benefits.

Renewable energy and energy efficiency are said to be the


twin pillars of sustainable energy policy. Both resources must
be developed in order to stabilize and reduce carbon dioxide
emissions.

Efficiency slows down energy demand growth so that rising


clean energy supplies can make deep cuts in fossil fuel use.

Future Renewable Energy Sources

Hydrogen fuel cell.

Wind mills power harvester

Algae for biofuel, Butanol production.

Microbes for bio-fuel production.

Laser Scribbing to increase solar efficiency.

Polymer Solar Cell.

Solid-oxide fuel cells.

Converting waste heat to electricity.

Nanotechnology : solar power at low cost.

Carbon neutral and negative fuels.

Thanks You