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Submitted To
Computer Department


Submitted By
Shubham Kanojia
MCA -4th

What is an OLED ?
OLED Organic Light Emitting
A light-emitting diode containing
thin flexible sheets of an organic
electroluminescent material, used
for visual displays.
Ching W. Tang and Steven Van
Slyke reported the first OLED
device .

Components of OLED

Substrate : (clear plastic, glass, foil) - The substrate

supports the OLED.
Anode : (transparent) - The anode removes electrons
(adds electron "holes") when a current flows through
the device.
Organic Layers : - These layers are made of organic
molecules or polymers.
Conducting Layers : - This layer is made of organic
plastic molecules that transport "holes" from the anode.
One conducting polymer used in OLEDs is polyaniline.
Emissive Layer : - This layer is made of organic plastic
molecules (different ones from the conducting layer)
that transport electrons from the cathode; this is where
light is made. One polymer used in the emissive layer is
Cathode : (may or may not be transparent depending on

How OLEDS Work

Types of OLED
Passive OLEDS
The organic layer is between
The intersections form the pixels.
Easy to make.
Use more power.
Best for small screens.

Active OLEDS
Full layers of cathode and anode.

over lays a thin film

transistor (TFT).

Requires less power.

Higher refresh rates.
Suitable for large screens.

Applications of OLED


LG transparent TV

Cell Phone screens

Wrist Watch
Computer Screens


Bendable Devices
Portable Device displays

Philips Go Gear MP3 Player


Faster response time than LCDs

Consume significantly less energy
Can be transparent when off
Flexible and Conformal Displays
Thinner display
Better contrast ratio.
Wider viewing angles; up to 170 degrees
OLEDs refresh almost 1,000 times faster then LCDs
Low cost materials and fabrication method
Less Expensive than LCD due to lesser components
Can be made using plastic screens

OLED seems to be the perfect technology for all types of
displays, but it also has some problems:
Lifetime - While red and green OLED films have longer
lifetimes (46,000 to 230,000 hours), blue organics currently
have much shorter lifetimes (up to around 14,000 hours).
Manufacturing - Currently, manufacturing is more
expensive than LCDs.
Water - Water can easily damage OLEDs.
OLED screens are even worse than LCD in direct sunlight.
Overall luminance degradation.
Limited market availability

Easily Portable because it can be folded and keep it at anywhere.
In future OLEDs are also used in cars,GPS system andScroll
OLED devices can keep refreshing information at real time and
videos can look more realistic in them. So we can also fancy thin
and foldable OLED newspapers in the future, which keep refreshing
news even as you read them!


Thank You

Fast Response Time



Fast response time means full motion graphics can

be displayed

Wide Viewing Angle

Wide viewing angle.