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OLED

Submitted To
Computer Department

sem

Submitted By
Shubham Kanojia
1511
MCA -4th

What is an OLED ?
OLED Organic Light Emitting
Diode
A light-emitting diode containing
thin flexible sheets of an organic
electroluminescent material, used
for visual displays.
Ching W. Tang and Steven Van
Slyke reported the first OLED
device .

Components of OLED

Substrate : (clear plastic, glass, foil) - The substrate


supports the OLED.
Anode : (transparent) - The anode removes electrons
(adds electron "holes") when a current flows through
the device.
Organic Layers : - These layers are made of organic
molecules or polymers.
Conducting Layers : - This layer is made of organic
plastic molecules that transport "holes" from the anode.
One conducting polymer used in OLEDs is polyaniline.
Emissive Layer : - This layer is made of organic plastic
molecules (different ones from the conducting layer)
that transport electrons from the cathode; this is where
light is made. One polymer used in the emissive layer is
polyfluorene.
Cathode : (may or may not be transparent depending on

How OLEDS Work

Types of OLED
Passive OLEDS
The organic layer is between
cathode
&
anode
run
perpendicular.
The intersections form the pixels.
Easy to make.
Use more power.
Best for small screens.

Active OLEDS
Full layers of cathode and anode.
Anode

over lays a thin film


transistor (TFT).

Requires less power.


Higher refresh rates.
Suitable for large screens.

Applications of OLED

Televisions

SONY
LG transparent TV

Cell Phone screens

Wrist Watch
Computer Screens

Laptops
Desktops

Bendable Devices
Portable Device displays

Philips Go Gear MP3 Player

Advantages

Faster response time than LCDs


Consume significantly less energy
Can be transparent when off
Flexible and Conformal Displays
Thinner display
Better contrast ratio.
Wider viewing angles; up to 170 degrees
OLEDs refresh almost 1,000 times faster then LCDs
Low cost materials and fabrication method
Less Expensive than LCD due to lesser components
Can be made using plastic screens

Disadvantages
OLED seems to be the perfect technology for all types of
displays, but it also has some problems:
Lifetime - While red and green OLED films have longer
lifetimes (46,000 to 230,000 hours), blue organics currently
have much shorter lifetimes (up to around 14,000 hours).
Manufacturing - Currently, manufacturing is more
expensive than LCDs.
Water - Water can easily damage OLEDs.
OLED screens are even worse than LCD in direct sunlight.
Overall luminance degradation.
Limited market availability

Conclusion
Easily Portable because it can be folded and keep it at anywhere.
In future OLEDs are also used in cars,GPS system andScroll
laptops.
OLED devices can keep refreshing information at real time and
videos can look more realistic in them. So we can also fancy thin
and foldable OLED newspapers in the future, which keep refreshing
news even as you read them!

References
www.howstuffworks.com/oled
www.oled-info.com/introduction
www.oled-info.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OLED

Thank You

Fast Response Time


OLED

LED

Fast response time means full motion graphics can


be displayed

Wide Viewing Angle


Wide viewing angle.