Sie sind auf Seite 1von 35

Performance

Characteristics

of a Condenser in a
Vapor Compression
Refrigeration System
using an Inverter type
and Conventional type
CLARK LOUISSE A. REGALADO
Compressor
BSME - 5

Statement of the Problem

Condenser Fins

Researcher :
S.Rama Subbaiah
Post Graduate Student Department of
Mechanical Engineering
Global College of Engineering &
Technology,
Kadapa, YSR (Dt), AP, India.

Objectives of the Study


To determine the performance of a
condenser in a Vapor Compression
Refrigeration System using an inverter
and conventional type compressor
To be able to analyze the performance
of a condenser in a Vapor Compression
Refrigeration System using an inverter
and conventional type compressor.

Significance of the Study


The importance of this study is to give
us an analysis about using inverter and
conventional type compressor in a vapor
compression refrigeration system and
know its advantages and the benefits it
will give on the refrigeration system.

Scope and Limitation


This study will focus only on the
response of the condenser using the
performance of the inverter type and
conventional type compressor in a vapor
compression refrigeration system.
This study also limits only on the
performance of the condenser by using
inverter and conventional type
compressor in a vapor compression
refrigeration system.

Process Flow

Process
12
23
34
41

Isentropic Compression
Isobaric Heat Rejection
Isentropic Expansion
Isobaric Heat Addition

Theoretical Framework
Analysis of Condensers:

Qc = m(h2-h3)
Where:

m
refrigerant
h2
refrigerant
h3
refrigerant

is the mass flow rate of the


is the inlet enthalpy of the
-

is the outlet enthalpy of the

Experimental Set-up

Methodology

Designing

Materials and Tools


Gathering

Construction of the
Prototype
Leak
Testing
and
Cleanin
g

Lea
k

Heat Transfer
Analysis in the
Condenser
Repair
Data
Gathering

e
r
r
o
r

Refrigerant
Charging

Tes
t
Ru
n

Non
e

Experiment

SIMULATION On the Heat


Transfer at Condenser
INVERTER
SIMULATION

CONVENTIONAL SIMULATION

FOR INVERTER DRIVEN COMPRESSOR :


INVERTER 1st TRIAL
200
180
160
140
120
Inverter Capillary 1
Heat Rejected

100

Inverter Capillary 2
Inverter Capillary 3

80
60
40
20
0

minutes

250

INVERTER 2nd TRIAL

200

150
Inverter Capillary 1
Heat Rejected

Inverter Capillary 2

100

Inverter Capillary 3

50

minutes

INVERTER 3rd TRIAL


200

180
160
140
120
Inverter Capillary 1
Heat Rejected

100

Inverter Capillary 2
Inverter Capillary 3

80
60
40
20
0

minutes

For CONVENTIONAL DRIVEN COMPRESSOR


CAPILLARY
Conventional
1

Heat Rejected

Average Results Trial 1,2 and 3 of Capillary 1

200
190
180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95100105110115120
minutes

Heat Rejected (Kj/kg)

CAPILLARY 2
Conventional Average Results of Trial 1,2 and 3 of Capillary 2

Heat Rejected

190
180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Heat Rejected (Kj/kg)

minutes

CAPILLARY 3
Conventional Average Results of Trial 1,2 and 3 Using Capillary 3

Heat Rejected

200
190
180
170
160
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

Heat Rejected (Kj/kg)

5 101520253035404550556065707580859095100
105
110
115
120
minutes

For Inverter Driven Compressor :


Trial 1 using Capillary 1
Time

pressure drop
(Mpa)

Heat Rejected
(Kj/kg)

Enthalpy inlet

Enthalpy
outlet

5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

0.011
0.016
0.012
0.014
0.017
0.019
0.014
0.018
0.019
0.019
0.014
0.014
0.014
0.024
0.022
0.021
0.016
0.023
0.017
0.019
0.022
0.019
0.017
0.016

4.2
7.1
10
176.1
175.9
176.8
16
176.7
176.6
178.2
176.3
175.8
175.5
7.8
19.9
175.3
171.5
173
170.8
172.6
14.7
174.6
176.8
16.9

248.9
252.5
255.4
421.5
421.2
422.9
261.3
423.5
424.1
425.7
423.8
424
423
248.2
268.8
422.8
423.3
425.5
422.6
424.4
266.5
426.4
427.9
267.2

244.7
245.4
245.4
245.4
245.3
246.1
245.3
246.8
247.5
247.5
247.5
248.2
247.5
240.4
248.9
247.5
251.8
252.5
251.8
251.8
251.8
251.8
251.1
250.3

Trial 1 using Capillary 2


Time
(mins)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
(Kpa)
Heat Rejected (Kj/kg) Enthalpy inlet Enthalpy outlet
0.117333333
12.83333333
263.7
250.8666667
0.068666667
67.26666667
323.4
256.1333333
0.015333333
123.4333333
384.9
261.4666667
0.015666667
127.3666667
386.9
259.5333333
0.026666667
125.6333333
384.6666667
259.0333333
0.025666667
127.3666667
385.2
257.8333333
0.026666667
126.6666667
384.2333333
257.5666667
0.021333333
129.2666667
384.6666667
255.4
0.021333333
129.3
386.9
257.6
0.023
178.3
434.6333333
256.3333333
0.025666667
180.9333333
435.6
254.6666667
0.025333333
179.7333333
434.4333333
254.7
0.023333333
178.8666667
433.5666667
254.7
0.021666667
130.1666667
384.1
253.9333333
0.021333333
127.9333333
382.1666667
254.2333333
0.025333333
130.4
383.1666667
252.7666667
0.016666667
180.5666667
433.8333333
253.2666667
0.023666667
132.5333333
383.8333333
251.3
0.021666667
182.7666667
433.3333333
250.5666667
0.016
182.8666667
433.7
250.8333333
0.019666667
131.1
383.1666667
252.0666667
0.023666667
131.6666667
382.0333333
250.3666667
0.014333333
182.7
433.3
250.6
0.021666667
132.1
383.7
251.6

Trial 1 Using Capillary 3


Time
(mins)

5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop (Mpa) Heat Rejected (Kj/kg) Enthalpy inlet Enthalpy outlet
0.06
12.4
264.9
252.5
0.023
20.2
277
256.8
0.012
167.3
427
259.7
0.007
171.3
432.5
261.2
0.006
175.9
437.1
261.2
0.007
172.9
435.6
262.7
0.005
178
439.6
261.6
0.009
175.8
439.2
263.4
0.015
179.1
438.8
259.7
0.007
179.1
444.7
265.6
0.01
179
446.7
267.7
0.01
177.5
446.9
269.4
0.005
176.2
444.8
268.6
0.01
178.5
445.6
267.1
0.007
178.3
447.7
269.4
0.009
177.2
446.6
269.4
0.007
174.2
446.6
272.4
0.01
176.9
445.5
268.6
0.007
179
446.1
267.1
0.007
177.6
444.7
267.1
1.5138
3
443.9
440.9
0.009
176.3
443.4
267.1
0.002
174.4
440.8
266.4
0.009

175.8

443.7

267.9

Trial 2 using Capillary 1


Time (mins.)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
Heat Rejected
(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
0.061
0.05
0.009
0.01
0.009
0.007
0.03
0.04
0.047
0.014
0.005
0.012
0.019
0.019
0.035
0.028
0.045
0.043
0.04
0.048
0.042
0.041
0.035
0.036

Enthalpy
inlet
8.8
17.2
14.1
165.8
167.6
171.5
173
171.6
171
170.8
172.4
170.8
171.7
172.2
175.3
176.7
175.4
176.4
175.2
179.1
175.4
176.3
175.9

264.2
276.2
286.5
430.7
432.5
433.4
431.2
431.3
431.4
436.4
437.3
437.1
436.6
439.3
438.7
439.3
438.8
437.6
438.6
438.1
438.1
439
438.6

Enthalpy outlet
255.4
259
272.4
264.9
264.9
261.9
258.2
259.7
260.4
265.6
264.9
266.3
264.9
267.1
263.4
262.6
263.4
261.2
263.4
259
262.7
262.7
262.7

177.5

439.4

261.9

Trial 2 using Capillary 2


Time
(mins.)

pressure drop (Mpa)

Heat Rejected (Kj/kg)

Enthalpy inlet

Enthalpy
outlet

0.047

21.6

275.5

253.9

10

0.037

169.2

430.4

261.2

15

0.031

176.9

442.5

265.6

20

0.033

184.5

443.5

259

25

0.028

174.4

436.3

261.9

30

0.027

179.8

438.1

258.3

35

0.024

178.7

438.4

259.7

40

0.021

182.1

439.7

257.6

45

0.026

182.9

441.2

258.3

50

0.014

183.3

440.1

256.8

55

0.026

183.3

440.9

257.6

60

0.024

183.6

441.9

258.3

65

0.026

183.6

440.5

256.9

70

0.017

186.8

440.7

253.9

75

0.019

184.3

439.7

255.4

80

0.024

186.5

441.2

254.7

85

0.012

186.5

441.9

255.4

90

0.019

186.8

440

253.2

95

0.022

186.6

439.8

253.2

100

0.022

187.5

440

252.5

105

0.021

186.9

438.7

251.8

110

0.022

186.2

437.3

251.1

115

0.01

188.7

440.5

251.8

120

0.021

184.5

438.5

254

Trial 2 using Capillary 3


Time (mins)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
Heat Rejected
(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
Enthalpy inlet Enthalpy outlet
0.047
13.4
272.4
259
0.003
23.5
281.7
258.2
0.007
167
426.7
259.7
0.012
169.4
430.6
261.2
0.012
171.8
432.2
260.4
0.017
173.7
433.4
259.7
0.009
172.9
433.3
260.4
0.009
175.6
433.8
258.2
0.012
172.1
432.6
260.5
0.034
173.3
433.7
260.4
0.035
175.9
434.1
258.2
0.042
175.9
434.1
258.2
0.038
176.5
434.8
258.3
0.042
176.4
433.9
257.5
0.038
176.4
433.9
257.5
0.04
174.1
431.6
257.5
0.041
177.3
434.1
256.8
0.043
176.4
433.2
256.8
0.031
177.3
436.3
259
0.033
176.1
435.1
259
0.047
171
432.2
261.2
0.033
184
438.6
254.6
0.03
208.4
462.3
253.9
0.042
178.4
432.3
253.9

Trial 3 Using Capillary 1


Time (mins)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
Heat Rejected
Enthalpy
Enthalpy
(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
inlet
outlet
0.073
16.2
271.6
255.4
0.057
29
287.2
258.2
0.008
169.2
429.6
260.4
0.005
171.7
435.8
264.1
0.01
171.7
433.6
261.9
0.014
170.1
436.4
266.3
0.01
171.5
436.3
264.8
0.007
172
438.3
266.3
0.017
177.9
438.3
260.4
0.012
173.4
436.7
263.3
0.007
175.4
438.7
263.3
0.012
175.2
439.3
264.1
0.04
176.6
439.2
262.6
0.04
175.2
437.8
262.6
0.037
176.3
437.5
261.2
0.045
175.8
438.4
262.6
0.038
177.7
438.9
261.2
0.048
178.5
438.9
260.4
0.047
176.9
438.1
261.2
0.045
178.5
439.7
261.2
0.033
180.4
437.9
257.5
0.043
178.2
438.6
260.4
0.041
177.4
439.3
261.9
0.031
177.3
437.7
260.4

Trial 3 Using Capillary 2


Time (mins.)

pressure drop
(Mpa)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

Heat Rejected
(Kj/kg)
0.028
0.105
0.01
0.007
0.021
0.024
0.03
0.024
0.019
0.017
0.028
0.028
0.023
0.022
0.021
0.021
0.012
0.024
0.021
0.007
0.01
0.021
0.012
0.021

Enthalpy
inlet
12.7
16.7
168.1
170.7
175.6
173.9
172.3
175.2
173.5
175.9
177.6
179
176.4
176.3
175.3
177.4
177.6
182.7
183.1
182.4
179.1
183
182.1
184.6

271
278.6
435.2
437.1
438.3
438.1
435.7
437.2
437
437.1
437.4
436.6
435.4
435.3
435.1
435
434.5
435.9
435.6
436.4
436
435.5
435.3
438.6

Enthalpy
outlet
258.3
261.9
267.1
266.4
262.7
264.2
263.4
262
263.5
261.2
259.8
257.6
259
259
259.8
257.6
256.9
253.2
252.5
254
256.9
252.5
253.2
254

Trial 3 using Capillary 3


Time (mins )
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop Heat Rejected


(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
0.062
0.048
0.043
0.004
0.007
0.009
0.01
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.007
0.01
0.009
0.01
0.01
0.009
0.012
0.012
0.007
0.007
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.033

7.2
14
20.4
166.4
172.9
169.7
171
172.9
172.3
173.4
174.3
175.5
177.7
174.2
175.6
177.2
178.6
176.9
178.1
176.4
175.8
177
179
182.4

Enthalpy inlet Enthalpy outlet


258.3
251.1
269.4
255.4
280.1
259.7
429
262.6
431.9
259
433.8
264.1
436.6
265.6
437.8
264.9
437.9
265.6
439
265.6
439.9
265.6
440.4
264.9
440.3
262.6
442.1
267.9
443.5
267.9
444.3
267.1
442.7
264.1
442.5
265.6
444.4
266.3
442.7
266.3
442.1
266.3
441.1
264.1
442.4
263.4
438.5
256.1

For Conventional Driven Compressor :


Average Results for Trial 1 , Trial 2 and 3 for Capillary 1
Time (mins.)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
Heat Rejected
(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
0.00433
0.04
0.00733
0.01266
0.02534
0.053
0.01267
0.014333333
0.015666667
0.011666667
0.046666667
0.006666667
0.009666667
0.015666667
0.009333333
0.016666667
0.004666667
0.013
0.00366
0.00933
0.00633
0.01133
0.002655
0.748325

2.2
31
3.5
7.1
6.3
6.1
176.9
174.4
20.3
9.9
8.8
8.3
10.7
174.2
10.9
180.2
9.6
178
11.5
9.1
181.7
11.4
14.7
9.9

Enthalpy
inlet
Enthalpy outlet
420.5
418.3
452.9
421.9
420.3
416.8
252.5
245.4
424.6
418.3
423.5
417.4
423.2
246.3
424.1
249.7
271.2
250.9
431.1
421.2
425.8
417
425.5
417.2
428.7
418
422.7
248.5
432.6
421.7
424.2
244
430.9
421.3
423.6
245.6
435.9
424.4
425.9
416.8
427.8
246.1
428.8
417.4
267.9
253.2
425.7

415.8

Average Results for Trial 1 , Trial 2 and 3 for Capillary 2


Time (mins.)
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
Heat Rejected
(Mpa)
(Kj/kg)
0.01633
0.01667
0.016
0.01333
0.014
0.01233
0.0133
0.01467
0.00967
0.0057
0.01267
0.034
0.012
0.00967
0.014
0.01467
0.01166
0.00533
0.01
0.00966
0.00667
0.015
0.00866
0.01033

3.1
1.9
3.6
5.3
167.5
170.4
173.8
172.8
174.7
5
175.9
174.6
179.1
178.3
178.5
177.2
177.5
8.6
179
8.4
7.5
179.9
179
8.7

Enthalpy
Enthalpy
inlet
outlet
252.5
249.4
253.2
251.3
255.9
252.3
258.1
252.8
421.2
253.7
423.4
253
424.7
250.9
424.4
251.6
425.3
250.6
422.8
417.8
426.3
250.4
423.8
249.2
426.8
247.7
426.8
248.5
426.5
248
426.6
249.4
426
248.5
428.6
420
426.7
247.7
427.2
418.8
426.5
419
426.2
246.3
425.3
246.3
425.2

416.5

Average Results for Trial 1 , Trial 2 and 3 for Capillary 3


Time (mins )
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
120

pressure drop
(Mpa)

Heat Rejected
(Kj/kg)
0.009
0.012
0.009
0.014
0.003
0.004
0.015
0.015
0.045
0.004
0
0.004
0.016
0.021
0
0.005
0.012
0.019
0.003
0.007
0.014
0.005
0.004
0.014

0.8
1.6
1.4
3.6
5.8
6.2
169.4
172.8
8.6
5.5
6.7
10.8
170.9
173.2
6.4
9.7
173
173.8
8.3
10.5
170.6
7.8
11.2
174.5

Enthalpy
Enthalpy
inlet
outlet
418.3
417.5
250.5
248.9
251.8
250.4
254
250.4
424.2
418.4
424.2
418
422.7
253.3
423.9
251.1
254.7
246.1
426.7
421.2
427.9
421.2
429.3
418.5
423.4
252.5
422.8
249.6
428.4
422
429.1
419.4
427.7
254.7
424.9
251.1
429.9
421.6
429.5
419
427.5
256.9
429
421.2
430.4
419.2
427
252.5

CONCLUSION
Based on the data being gathered the, inverter
driven compressor gives higher heat transfer
compared to conventional driven compressor. On
the other hand, the main advantage of the inverter
driven compressor is that its energy consumption is
rapidly decreasing as the set temperature was
being achieved and this is the main reason why
inverter driven compressor is an energy saving.
Proper installation of the devices/equipments on the
system has a big impact to the results.

References
Journal article, one author, accessed online
Wu, J., "Study on Performance and Dynamics of Inverter Controlled
Rotary Compressors" (2000). International Compressor Engineering
Conference. Paper 1426.
Journal article, four authors, accessed online
Chang, Wenruey; Shaut, Tsongse; Lin, Chiangho; and Lin, Kueitien,
"Implementation of Inverter-Driven Household Refrigerator/Freezer
Using Hydrocarbon Isobutane for Refrigeration" (2008). International
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference. Paper 945
Accessed online
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverter_compressor
Lesson article, accessed from my device
Lesson 22, Condensers and Evaporators Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur.
Journal article, two authors, accessed online
T. Q. Qureshi; S. A. Tassou, Investigation of the Effect of Inverters on
the Power Supply and the Performance of Variable Speed Refrigeration
Systems International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference