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SAARC South Asian Association

for Regional Cooperation

SAARC Members
India
Pakistan
Bangladesh
Nepal
Sri Lanka
Bhutan
Maldives
Formally launched in
December 1985
In April 2007, at the
Association's 14th summit,
Afghanistan became its
eighth member.

Objectives
To promote the welfare of the people in South
Asia and to improve their quality of life.
To accelerate economic growth, social progress
and cultural dev in the region and to provide all
the indls the opportunity to live in dignity and to
realize their full potential.
To promote and strengthen the collective self
reliance among the ctries of South Asia
To contribute to mutual trust, understanding and
appreciation of each others problems
To promote active collaboration and mutual
assistance in the economic, social, cultural,
technical and scientific fields

Contd
To strengthen the cooperation with
other developing countries
To strengthen cooperation among
themselves in intl forums on matters
of common interest
To cooperate with international and
regional organizations with similar
aims and purposes

Potential Areas of Cooperation

Agriculture
Rural development
Meteorology
Telecommunications
Scientific and technological cooperation
Health and population activities
Transport
Postal service
Sports, arts and culture
Control of drug trafficking
Women in development

Organization structure
The Council (Highest Policy
Making Body)
Council of Ministers (Foreign
ministers)
Standing Committee (Foreign
secretaries)
Programming Committee
(Senior officials)
Technical Committee
(Representatives from member
ctries.)

Organization structure
The Council meets once in two years and is
represented by the heads of the member
govts.
Council of ministers formulates policies,
reviews the functioning and decides the new
areas of cooperation, establishes additional
mechanism, decides issues of general interest
to the SAARC member countries
Consists of Secretariat, Secretary- General (Dr.
Sheel Kant Sharma), Directors and General Staff)
Secretariat located in Nepal

SAARC Secretariat

Secretariat
Established in Kathmandu, Nepal on 16 th
January 1987
The Secretariat comprises the Secretary
General, seven Directors and the
General Services Staff.
Activities: Co-ordinating, monitoring and implementing
SAARC activities
Servicing the meetings of SAARC
Serving as the communication link between
SAARC and other international forums

Standing Committee
Consists of foreign secretaries
Functions: Monitoring and coordinating the
programmes.
Determining inter-sectoral priorities
Mobilising cooperation within and
outside the region
Formulating the modalities of financing

Programming committee
Functions: Scrutinising the budget of the
secretariat
Finalizing the annual schedule of the
secretariat
Carrying out the activities assigned by
the standing committee
Analyzing the reports of the technical
committees and SAARC regional centres
and submitting them to the standing
committee along with its comments.

Technical Committee

Functions:-

Formulating projects and programmes in


their respective areas
Monitoring and implementing the projects
Submitting the reports to the standing
committee through the prog committee
Technical committees of SAARC include:
Agriculture - Communications
Environment- Health and population
science
Rural Development - Science and Technology
Tourism and Transport

Problems confronting SAARC


Border disputes, Ethnic issues and
religious, political outlook and
affiliations cause mutual distrust
Economies of the member countries
are similar=> complementarity is
limited
Intra-regional trade has been
neglected.
Same exports e.g. India and
Bangladesh w.r.t. jute , India and Sri
Lanka w.r.t. tea