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Whole Numbers

WHOLE

NUMBERS

Concept of whole

numbers

MATHEMATICS FORM 1

WHOLE NUMBERS

WRITING &

READING

COUNTING

PLACE VALUE

CONCEPT OF

WHOLE NUMBER

WRITING

AND

READING WHOLE

NUMBERS

COUNTING

NUMBERS

IDENTIFY

VALUE

WHOLE

PLACE

in currency.

WHOLE

NUMBERS

Whole numbers are a

that starts with 0, 1, 2,

3, 4, 5, .

The smallest whole

number is zero (0)

NUMBERS

ONE

SIXTY

TWENTY-ONE

FOURTYTHREE

ONE

HUNDREDS

FOUR THOUSAND

AND TEN

Count

on in

tens from 30

to 100.

Count

back in

hundreds

from 1500 to

700.

70, 80, 90,

100.

1500, 1400,

1300, 1200,

1100, 1000,

900, 800, 700.

PLACE VALUE

The

value of a digit

depends on its place in

the whole number. Each

place has a different

value which is known

as the place value.

represented by the diagram?

100

HUNDREDS

30

TENS

6

UNITS

The number of

students in the

school:

1 389 students

Activity 1: What is the place

value

of 9?

Answer:

THOUSANDS

HUNDREDS

TENS

UNITS

8 9

The numbers of

butterfly in the

garden :

Activity

2: What

is the place

3 291

butterflies

value

of 3?

Answer:

THOUSANDS HUNDREDS

TENS

UNITS

1

Exercises

SYSTEM OF WRITING

WHOLE NUMBERS

Thousand

Million

Hundred

Million

Ten

Million

Unit

Hundred

Thousand

Ten

Thousand

Hundred

Unit

Hundred

Ten

Unit

THANK TOU

Understanding

Whole Numbers

Lesson 1-1

place value (the regular way to write numbers).

expanded form a number is written as a sum using

the place and value of each digit.

Vocabulary

Number

Numbers are grouped in

sets of three (each set is

called a period).

Only read three numbers

at a time.

Say the name of the

period that the numbers

are in.

Say and for the

4,658,089

Millions period

Thousands period

Ones period

eighty-nine.

Example

Comparing

Numbers

Line up the numbers

vertically (up and down)

by the ones place (or the

decimal, if there is one).

Start at the left and

compare the digits.

Move towards the right

until you find a difference.

than.

> means greater

than.

=

means

equal

Just a Reminder

to.

Example

45,312

<

45,321

45,312

45,321

1 is less than

2

order from least to greatest.

321; 345; 354; 29; 1,013; 312; 332

smallest

largest

321

345

354

29

1013

312

332

345 < 354 < 1,013

Identify the place

(nearest hundred, for example)

Look at the number immediately to th

right.

Is it 5 or higher? Round up.

Is it 4 or lower?

It stays the same.

All digits to the right of the specified p

become zeros.

4,856

10,527

234,567

8,648,078

4,900 10,500 234,600

8,648,100

Addends:

Sum

Commutative

more numbers can be added in either order

without changing the sum

Associative

than two numbers are being added, the addends

can be grouped by two at a time in any way.

Key Terms

Addition &

Subtraction

Addition

Addition

two numbers together. These

numbers are called addends.

4 + 2 = ?

Addends

together to get a sum.

4 + 2 = 6

Sum

numbers.

12 and 34

Line up

Line up

numbers

the digits

on top of

each

other

starting

12

+ 34

numbers.

Line up the digits on

top of each other

starting with the

number on the right

(the rightmost digit,

which is called the

ones place.)

12 and 34

Line up

numbers

that are on top of each

other like you normally

would add numbers.

12

+ 34

6

numbers.

12 and 34

Line up

numbers

on top of each

other starting with

the number on the

right (the rightmost

digit, which is

called the ones

place.)

Then add the

numbers that are

on top of each

other like you

12

+ 34

6

numbers.

Line up the digits

on top of each

other starting with

the number on the

right (the rightmost

digit, which is

called the ones

place.)

12 and 34

Line up

numbers

for the other

column of numbers.

12

+ 34

46

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

the first column is over 9.

231

+459

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

the first column is over 9.

231

+459

0

Since

9+1=10,

we will

write the

last digit

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

1

the first column is over 9.

231

+459

0

Since

9+1=10,

we will

write the

last digit

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

1

the first column isNow

overwe

9.

will

add

231

the 3 and

+ 4 5 9 5, and

0 also the 1

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

1

the first column is Now

over 9.

we

will

add

231

the 3 and

+459

5, and

9 0 also the 1

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

1

the first column is Now

over 9.

we

will add

the 2 and

+ 4 5 9 4 that in

the far

90

231

You may have to carry

numbers to the next column

of numbers being added if

1

the first column

is over 9.

Now we

2 3 1 will add

+ 4 5 9 the 2 and

4 that in

6 9 0 the far

be able to successfully add

positive whole numbers!

This will be useful in all

aspects of this class AND in

your everyday life.

Lets look at a real-world

example...

College!!!!

As some of your

graduation gifts, you

receive gifts

from family and friends with

the values of

$50, $129, $78,

those numbers up to get the total.

5 0

1 2 9

7 8

+

2 3

he places, add each column,

and carry if the number

has more than one digit!

0+9+8+3=20

5 0

1 2 9

7 8

+

2 3

0

e places, add each column,

and carry if the number

has more than one digit!

2+5+2+7+2=18

2

5

0

1 2 9

7 8

+

2 3

8 0

5 0

1

p in mind to line up

1 2 9

ces, add each column,

7 8

carry if the number + 2 3

more than one digit!

2 8 0

1+1=2

2

1

5 0

1 2 9

7 8

2 3

28

0

You got $280

in gifts!

Congratulations!!!

5

+

5

10

Simple

897

Answer

is called su

+

368

Table of Digits

1265

Complex

Subtracting whole

numbers is the

inverse operation of

adding whole

numbers.

What is Subtraction?

Subtraction

Subtraction

take one number away from

another number.

5 - 2 = ?

numbers, you end up with

the difference.

5 - 2 = 3

Difference

digit are usually fairly

easy.

Things start getting

complicated when you

have more than one

digit and you cannot

remove the number at

the bottom from the

number on top such as

Since you

could

not

Example

remove 8

tens and the ones to make it look simpler as

illustrated below

5424

- 756

Another example

Always

start with

the ones.

Borrow a 10 from 2

tens

The problem becomes

Step #1

hundreds. 1 hundred = 10

tens. Then add 10 tens to 1

ten to make it 11 tens

Step #2

thousand = 10 hundreds. Then add 10

hundreds to 3 hundreds to make it 13

hundreds

Then, just subtract now since all

numbers at the bottom are smaller than

the number on top

Step #3

717

4,987

- 2,158

212

3,230

- 320

1,910

2,

2

9

Lets8

Try Some!

onclusion

digit numbers by using

pictures to solve the

problems given to you.

You should also understand

what an addend, sum, and

difference is.

Multiplication

6 x 8 = 48

63

Problem: 48 x 23

+2

48

X 23

4

+2

48

X 23

144

+1

48

X 23

144

6

+1

48

X 23

144

960

1104

three or four-digit problems.

64

1.

a.

21

x 4

84

b.

81

x 9

729

c.

2.

a.

87

x7

609

b.

43

x 2

86

c. 56

x 0

0

d.

99

x 6

594

3.

a. 24

x 13

312

c.

d.

55

x 37

2035

b. 53

x 15

795

64

x 5

320

49

x 26

1274

d. 36

x 3

108

65

4.

a.

94

x 73

6862

b.

5.

a.

347

x 21

7287

b.

6.

a. 360

x 37

13,320

7.

a.

493

x 216

106,488

99

x 27

2673

c.

843

x 34

28,662

c.

b.

884

x 63

55,692

c. 111

x 19

2109

b.

c.

568

x 432

245,376

34

x 32

1088

d. 83

x 69

5727

966

x 46

44,436

987

x 654

645,498

66

Division

15

whole number.

5=3

15

3=5

67

Shown

Shown by

by using

using aa straight

straight bar

bar

10 5

48 5040

48

2 40

240

0

or

or

sign.

sign.

1 times 48 = 48

50 minus 48 = 2 & bring down the 4

48 goes into 24 zero times.

Bring down other 0.

48 goes into 240, five times

5 times 48 = 240

240 minus 240 = 0 remainder

Or it can be stated:

68

62

7 434

1.

211

a. 48 5040

b.

2.

13

a. 9 117

310

b. 12 3720

3.

256

a. 23 5888

687

b. 56 38472

4.

98

a. 98 9604

67

b. 13 871

5.

50

a. 50 2500

123

b. 789 97047

c.

92

9 828

101

c. 10 1010

69

9000

3 27000

6.

7

a. 21 147

b.

7.

61

a. 32 1952

101

b. 88 8888

8.

67 r 19

a. 87 5848

858 r 13

b. 15 12883

9.

12 r 955

a. 994 12883

22 r 329

b. 352 8073

70

+

COMBINED

OPERATIONS

x

3+4x2

Solution:

Student 1

Student 2

3+4x2

3+4x2

=7x2

=3+8

= 14

= 11

we do the operations

from left to right

do the operation from left

to right

combined operations,

a)first, multiply or divide from

left to right

b)then, add or subtract from left

to right

combined operations that include brackets ( ),

work that brackets first

then, multiply or divide from left to right

lastly, add or subtract from left to right

SUMMARY

COMBINED OPERATIONS

2.Then, multiply or divide.

3.Finally add or subtract from left to right.

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