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# Chapter 1

Whole Numbers

WHOLE
NUMBERS

Concept of whole
numbers

MATHEMATICS FORM 1
WHOLE NUMBERS

WRITING &

COUNTING

PLACE VALUE

CONCEPT OF
WHOLE NUMBER

WRITING

AND
NUMBERS

COUNTING

NUMBERS

IDENTIFY

VALUE

WHOLE

PLACE

## Whole numbers are used

in currency.

WHOLE
NUMBERS
Whole numbers are a

## set of counting numbers

that starts with 0, 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, .
The smallest whole
number is zero (0)

NUMBERS

ONE

SIXTY
TWENTY-ONE

FOURTYTHREE

ONE
HUNDREDS

FOUR THOUSAND
AND TEN

Count

on in
tens from 30
to 100.

Count

back in
hundreds
from 1500 to
700.

## 30, 40, 50, 60,

70, 80, 90,
100.

1500, 1400,
1300, 1200,
1100, 1000,
900, 800, 700.

PLACE VALUE
The

value of a digit
depends on its place in
the whole number. Each
place has a different
value which is known
as the place value.

## What is the number

represented by the diagram?

100
HUNDREDS

30
TENS

6
UNITS

The number of
students in the
school:
1 389 students
Activity 1: What is the place
value
of 9?

THOUSANDS

HUNDREDS

TENS

UNITS

8 9

The numbers of
butterfly in the
garden :
Activity
2: What
is the place
3 291
butterflies
value
of 3?

THOUSANDS HUNDREDS

TENS

UNITS

1
Exercises

SYSTEM OF WRITING
WHOLE NUMBERS
Thousand

Million
Hundred
Million

Ten
Million

Unit

Hundred
Thousand

Ten
Thousand

Hundred
Unit

Hundred

Ten

Unit

THANK TOU

Understanding
Whole Numbers
Lesson 1-1

## standard form a number is written using digits and

place value (the regular way to write numbers).
expanded form a number is written as a sum using
the place and value of each digit.

Vocabulary

## How To Read a Large

Number
Numbers are grouped in
sets of three (each set is
called a period).
at a time.
Say the name of the
period that the numbers
are in.
Say and for the

4,658,089
Millions period

Thousands period

Ones period

## Four million, six hundred fifty-eight thousand,

eighty-nine.

Example

Comparing
Numbers
Line up the numbers
vertically (up and down)
by the ones place (or the
decimal, if there is one).
Start at the left and
compare the digits.
Move towards the right
until you find a difference.

than.
> means greater
than.
=
means
equal
Just a Reminder
to.

Example

45,312

<

45,321

45,312
45,321
1 is less than
2

## Example 2 Put the numbers in

order from least to greatest.
321; 345; 354; 29; 1,013; 312; 332

smallest
largest

321
345
354
29
1013
312
332

## 29 < 312 < 321 < 332

345 < 354 < 1,013

## Rounding to a specific place:

Identify the place
(nearest hundred, for example)
Look at the number immediately to th
right.
Is it 5 or higher? Round up.
Is it 4 or lower?
It stays the same.
All digits to the right of the specified p
become zeros.

## Round to the nearest hundred:

4,856

10,527

234,567

8,648,078

4,900 10,500 234,600
8,648,100

Sum

Commutative

## property of addition: two or

more numbers can be added in either order
without changing the sum

Associative

## property of addition: When more

can be grouped by two at a time in any way.

Key Terms

Subtraction

## occurs when you join

two numbers together. These

4 + 2 = ?

together to get a sum.

4 + 2 = 6
Sum

numbers.
12 and 34
Line up
Line up
numbers

the digits
on top of
each
other
starting

12
+ 34

numbers.
Line up the digits on
top of each other
starting with the
number on the right
(the rightmost digit,
which is called the
ones place.)

12 and 34
Line up
numbers

that are on top of each
other like you normally

12
+ 34
6

numbers.
12 and 34
Line up
numbers

## Line up the digits

on top of each
other starting with
the number on the
right (the rightmost
digit, which is
called the ones
place.)
numbers that are
on top of each
other like you

12
+ 34
6

numbers.
Line up the digits
on top of each
other starting with
the number on the
right (the rightmost
digit, which is
called the ones
place.)

12 and 34
Line up
numbers

## And do the same

for the other
column of numbers.

12
+ 34
46

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
the first column is over 9.
231
+459

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
the first column is over 9.
231
+459
0

Since
9+1=10,
we will
write the
last digit

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
1
the first column is over 9.
231
+459
0

Since
9+1=10,
we will
write the
last digit

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
1
the first column isNow
overwe
9.

will
231
the 3 and
+ 4 5 9 5, and
0 also the 1

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
1
the first column is Now
over 9.
we

will
231
the 3 and
+459
5, and
9 0 also the 1

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
1
the first column is Now
over 9.
we

the 2 and
+ 4 5 9 4 that in
the far
90
231

You may have to carry
numbers to the next column
1
the first column
is over 9.

Now we
+ 4 5 9 the 2 and
4 that in
6 9 0 the far

## With some practice, you will

positive whole numbers!
This will be useful in all
aspects of this class AND in
Lets look at a real-world
example...

College!!!!

As some of your
from family and friends with
the values of
\$50, \$129, \$78,

## You will simply need to ADD all of

those numbers up to get the total.

5 0
1 2 9
7 8
+

2 3

## Keep in mind to line up

and carry if the number
has more than one digit!

0+9+8+3=20

5 0

1 2 9
7 8
+

2 3
0

## Keep in mind to line up

and carry if the number
has more than one digit!
2+5+2+7+2=18
2

5
0

1 2 9
7 8
+

2 3
8 0

5 0

1
p in mind to line up
1 2 9
7 8
carry if the number + 2 3
more than one digit!
2 8 0

1+1=2

2
1

5 0
1 2 9
7 8

2 3

28
0
You got \$280
Congratulations!!!

## Adding in columns - Uses no equal sign

5
+
5
10
Simple

897
is called su
+
368
Table of Digits
1265
Complex

Subtracting whole
numbers is the
inverse operation of
numbers.
What is Subtraction?

Subtraction
Subtraction

## occurs when you

take one number away from
another number.

5 - 2 = ?

## When you subtract the

numbers, you end up with
the difference.

5 - 2 = 3

Difference

## Subtractions with one

digit are usually fairly
easy.
Things start getting
complicated when you
have more than one
digit and you cannot
remove the number at
the bottom from the
number on top such as

Since you
could
not
Example
remove 8

## You can also write the problem without the

tens and the ones to make it look simpler as
illustrated below

5424
- 756
Another example

Always
the ones.

Borrow a 10 from 2
tens
The problem becomes

Step #1

## Borrow 1 hundred from 4

hundreds. 1 hundred = 10
tens. Then add 10 tens to 1
ten to make it 11 tens

Step #2

## Borrow 1 thousand from 5 thousands. 1

thousand = 10 hundreds. Then add 10
hundreds to 3 hundreds to make it 13
hundreds
Then, just subtract now since all
numbers at the bottom are smaller than
the number on top

Step #3

717

4,987
- 2,158

212

3,230
- 320

1,910
2,
2
9
Lets8
Try Some!

## Now you should be able to

onclusion

digit numbers by using
pictures to solve the
problems given to you.
You should also understand
difference is.

Multiplication

6 x 8 = 48

63

Problem: 48 x 23
+2

48

X 23
4

+2

48

X 23
144

+1

48

X 23
144
6

+1

48

X 23
144
960
1104

## Same process is used when multiplying

three or four-digit problems.
64

1.

a.

21
x 4
84

b.

81
x 9
729

c.

2.

a.

87
x7
609

b.

43
x 2
86

c. 56
x 0
0

d.

99
x 6
594

3.

a. 24
x 13
312

c.

d.

55
x 37
2035

b. 53
x 15
795

64
x 5
320

49
x 26
1274

d. 36
x 3
108

65

4.

a.

94
x 73
6862

b.

5.

a.

347
x 21
7287

b.

6.

a. 360
x 37
13,320

7.

a.

493
x 216
106,488

99
x 27
2673

c.

843
x 34
28,662

c.

b.

884
x 63
55,692

c. 111
x 19
2109

b.

c.

568
x 432
245,376

34
x 32
1088

d. 83
x 69
5727

966
x 46
44,436

987
x 654
645,498

66

Division

15

## Finding out how many times a divider goes into a

whole number.

5=3

15

3=5

67

Shown
Shown by
by using
using aa straight
straight bar
bar

10 5
48 5040
48
2 40
240
0

or
or

sign.
sign.

## 48 goes into 50 one time.

1 times 48 = 48
50 minus 48 = 2 & bring down the 4
48 goes into 24 zero times.
Bring down other 0.
48 goes into 240, five times
5 times 48 = 240
240 minus 240 = 0 remainder

## So, 5040 divided by 48 = 105 w/no remainder.

Or it can be stated:

68

62
7 434

1.

211
a. 48 5040

b.

2.

13
a. 9 117

310
b. 12 3720

3.

256
a. 23 5888

687
b. 56 38472

4.

98
a. 98 9604

67
b. 13 871

5.

50
a. 50 2500

123
b. 789 97047

c.

92
9 828

101
c. 10 1010

69

9000
3 27000

6.

7
a. 21 147

b.

7.

61
a. 32 1952

101
b. 88 8888

8.

67 r 19
a. 87 5848

858 r 13
b. 15 12883

9.

12 r 955
a. 994 12883

22 r 329
b. 352 8073

70

+
COMBINED
OPERATIONS
x

3+4x2
Solution:

Student 1

Student 2

3+4x2

3+4x2

=7x2

=3+8

= 14

= 11

## To add and to subtract:

we do the operations
from left to right

## To multiply and to divide:

do the operation from left
to right

## To perform computation involving

combined operations,
a)first, multiply or divide from
left to right
b)then, add or subtract from left
to right

## To perform computations involving

combined operations that include brackets ( ),
work that brackets first
then, multiply or divide from left to right
lastly, add or subtract from left to right

SUMMARY
COMBINED OPERATIONS

## 1.Work the brackets ( ) first.

2.Then, multiply or divide.
3.Finally add or subtract from left to right.