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esthetics

esthatics in fixed partial denture

Made by:
Ahmed
Ahmed
Ahmed
Ahmed

mohammed
mohammed
mohammed
mohammed

ahmed
ramadan
abdelhakim
abdelhamid

Components of FPD
Abutment
Pontic
Retainers
connectors

Abutment

The most common FPDS used for aesthetic purpose are :

All-ceramic bridges
Metal ceramic

bridges


Effect of tooth preparation on the aesthetic of final restoration:

Special concern

should be given to
facial aspect

Sufficient amount of

reduction should be
made on the facial
aspect

What will happen if you


make insufficient
reduction?

the laboratory technichen will have one of two choices:

1- To fabricate the restoration with proper

contour but this will lead to improper shade of


the final restorations due to insufficient
thickness of different porcelain layers
constituting the final restoration.

2- To develop over contoured restorations to

produce the desired shade .but, this will result


into a bulky restoration, which will affect the
aesthetics of final restoration and induce
plaque accumulation and gingival
inflammation

2 areas are commonly under


reduced during preparation
Incisolabial aspect of the facial aspect
Cervical portion of the facial aspect

Preparation of the facial aspect of the tooth

should be done in two planes following the


normal anatomical tooth contours but not on
one flat plane

One of the methods that can help in

developing the facial aspect preparation on 2


planes is to use a depth cut grooves in 2
planes following the normal anatomical
contour of the restoration

Finish line
Esthatically the shoulder finish line is better

than deep chamfer as it allows more adequate


assessment to the thickness of preparation
both visually and with instruments.

From aesthetic point of view ,The finish line

for metal ceramic restoration is better to be


placed subgingivaly to avoid display of the
metal margin of the restoration

Esthetic considerations in pontic

Pontic :artificial tooth in fixed dental

prosthesis that replaces a missing natural


tooth restoring its function and esthetics

Ideal requirements of
pontic
Smooth surface and convex all around
Easy to clean
No irritation on the gingival tissue
Facilitate plaque control
Strength and longevity
Be esthetic
Restore function
Colour stable

Function of pontic
Mastication
Speech
Esthetics

Esthatic consideration of pontic design

Mesio distal width


Space discrepancy less in posteriors ttt by:
1- orthodontic ttt

pontic of abnormal size

illusion of natural teeth

Inciso gingival length


root can be stained to stimulate exposed

dentine
use pink porcelain to stimulate gingival
tissues

cement

Def: plastic paste of powder and liquid which

hardens to a solid mass and used to retain


restoring and occupying marginal voids

Esthatic requirement of
cement
translucency cement must be translucent and
not opaque

Todays five models of dental cements


zinc phosphate
zinc poly carboxylate
zinc oxide and eugenol
glass ionomer cement :-conventional

resin_modified glass ionomer


composite : conventional adhesive

zinc phosphate
cement
the set cement is

opaque it is consider
not esthetic

zinc Polycarboxylate
cement
It is not translucent as set cement is opaque
because of large quantity of un reacted zinc
oxide that is present
So. It is consider esthetic

zinc oxide eugenol


Not translucent : cement is opaque so not

consider asthetic

glass ionomer cement


It is translucent due to presence of glass
The refractive index of glass ionomer is

similar ot enomel and dentine so it is used


with porcelain labial margin technique

Composite resin cement


It is translucent

Clinical note
cementation of porcelain jacket crown and

porcelain laminates Require cement that has :


translucency
early high mechanical strength
adhesive to treated porcelain and tooth
surface
So cement of choice is Composite resin
cement