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A

Presentation
on
Management of Emergencies related to
Transportation of Chemicals

Provisions of MV Act 1988


By C.Ramesh,
Deputy Transport Commissioner,
RTA, Ranga Reddy
1

Contents

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1988


Hazardous Goods Class Labels
Mode of Transportation
Need of Hazardous Material Training
Hazard Information System
Hazard Goods Class Labels
Description of Hazard Type and Colours
Hazardous Labels
Instructions to Driver carrying Hazardous Goods

3-13
14
15
16-19
20-22
23
24
25-37
38-65

CMV Rule 9
Educational qualification for drivers of goods carriages
carrying dangerous or hazardous goods.

Ability to read and write one Indian language and English, and also
posses a certificate having successfully passed a course consisting
of following syllabus and periodicity connected.
Period of training 3 days ( for first time)
Period of training 1 day (for every year)

Syllabus:
Defensive driving questionnaire First Day
Advanced Driving skill and training. Second Day
1. Discussion
2. Field test training(1 driver at a time)
Product safety Third day
1. Product information
2. Emergency Procedure
3

CMV Rule 129


1. Vehicles Transporting Goods of dangerous or Hazardous
nature to human life.
i. Shall display a distinct mark of Class Label appropriate
to the type of dangerous goods as specified.
ii. Shall be equipped with safety equipment for preventing
fire, explosion or escape of hazardous or dangerous
goods.
2. Shall be fitted with Technograph (a instrument to record
the lapse of running time of the motor vehicle, time
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speed maintained, acceleration, declaration etc.,)

CMV Rule 129A

Every vehicle carrying goods of dangerous


or hazardous nature Shall be fitted with a
SPARK ARRESTER

CMV Rule 131


Responsibility of the consignor for safe transport of
dangerous or hazardous goods
1. The consigner should ensure the following
A.The goods carriage has a valid registration to carry the said goods
B.The vehicle is equipped with necessary first aid, safety equipment
and antidotes as may be necessary to contain any accident
C.The transporter or owner shall has full and adequate information
about the goods being transported.
D.The driver of the goods carriage is trained in handling the dangers
posed during transport such goods.
2.

Every consigner shall supply to the owner full and adequate


information about the goods being transported
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CMV Rule 132


Responsibility of the Owner
1. The owner should ensure
A . The vehicle has a valid registration to carry the said
goods & It is safe for transportation
B. The vehicle is equipped with necessary first aid, safety
equipment, tool box and antidotes as may be necessary
to contain any accident.
2. The owner should satisfy him self that the information given
by the consigner is full and accurate in all respects.
3. The owner shall ensure that the driver is given all the
relevant information in writing as given in annexure v
4. The owner and the consigner shall lay down the root for each
trip, unless directed or permitted other wise by the police.
5. The owner to ensure that the driver holds a driving licence as
per the CMV rule 9
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CMV Rule 133


Responsibility of the Driver
1. The driver should ensure the information given to
him (Annexure V) is kept in the drivers cabin.
2. The vehicle while in motion, and when it is
parked in a place and at all times should be kept
safe from fire, explosion, and any other risk
under his supervision or some other competent
person above the age of 18 years.

CMV Rule 134


Emergency information panel as specified
should be placed on vehicles

Place for Fixing Emergency


Information Panel

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CMV Rule 135


Driver to be Instructed
The owner shall ensure to the
satisfaction of the consigner that the driver
has received adequate instruction and
training to enable him to under stand the
nature of goods being transported by him,
the nature of the risks arising out of such
goods, precautions he should take while
the vehicle is in motion or stationary and
the action he has to take in case of any
emergency.
11

CMV Rule 136


Duty of the Driver to Report
Driver to report to the police station
about the accident and also inform the
owner regarding the accident.

12

CMV Rule 137


Class Labels
The class labels namely Explosives,
Non-flammable
gases,
Flammable
Gasses,
Poision
(Toxic
Gases),
Inflammable liquids, Inflammable Solids
etc.

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HAZARDOUS GOODS CLASS LABELS

14

Hazard Material
MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
1. TAPS ( pipe line )
2. PLANE (Air Ways )
3. SHIP (Water Transport )
4. TRAIN (Rail Transport )
5. MOTOR VEHICLE (Road Transport)
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Need Of HazMat Training


Learning to properly transport hazardous materials and
hazardous waste helps protect you and the public. This
Training, Preparing to Transport Hazardous Materials,
provides you with basic information needed to be a safe
and effective driver.
Hazardous materials training is important to protect
people, the environment, and property. All of these are at
risk if you violate the hazardous materials regulations.
Cont

16

(2)

Hazardous materials training is also required by law


as per 9 of CMV Rule. Hazardous materials training is
important to protect your Transport driver's license and
your job. Both of these are at risk if you violate the
regulations.

Willful violators are subjected to punishment as per


law.

It is vitally important to use Emergency Information


Panels on vehicles transporting hazardous materials. At
an accident scene, the correct Emergency Information
Panels can save lives and protect the environment. In
addition to the environmental and health reasons.
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Required Training for Highway


Transportation
The motor vehicle act requires training for all drivers of
vehicles used to transport hazardous materials,
because most of the hazardous materials are
transported on highways, and most incidents/accidents
involving hazardous materials are caused by human
error.

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Specific training includes:


1). Defensive Driving.
2). Advanced Driving Skills And Training.
a). Before starting
b). During driving
c).Before stopping
d) .After stopping
e). Night driving
f). Field test training

3). Product safety.


a). UN classification/ UN Panel
b). Product information
c). Emergency procedure

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Hazard information system


Transport Emergency card (Trem Card): Informs the
driver and cleaner about the nature of dangerous goods,
and steps to be taken during emergency, and some
important phone numbers also given.
Production factory should provide Trem Card pertaining
to the goods in the vehicle and the Trem Card should be
in the vehicle.
Emergency Information Panel: It describes the nature
of the goods in the vehicle, showing status, quality and
during emergencies it informs some steps to be taken by
other road users and fire engine office. It is exhibited on
both sides of the vehicle and at its front & rear.
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Dimensions of Emergency
Information pannels

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Places for fixing Emergency Information pannels on Vehicles

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HAZARDOUS GOODS CLASS LABELS

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HAZARD TYPE

COLOUR

Explosive

Orange

Flammable

Red

Non- flammable

Green

Water reactive

Blue

Oxidizing substances

Yellow

Toxic/ infectious

White

Radio active

Half yellow and half white

Corrosive

Half white and half black


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1. Explosives

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2.1. Non-flammable gases

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3. Inflammable Liquids

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4. Inflammable solids, substances liable to


spontaneous combustion; substances which on
contact with water, emit inflammable gases

4.1. Inflammable Solids

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4.2. Substances liable to spontaneous


combustion

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4.3. Substances which in contact with


water, emit inflammable gases

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5.Oxidizing substances and


peroxides

organic

5.1. Oxidizing substances

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5.2. Organic peroxides

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6. poisonous (toxic) substances


and infectious substances
6.1. Poisonous (toxic) substances

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6.2. Harmful substances

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6.3. Infectious substances

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7. Radioactive substances

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8. Corrosives

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A driver of a vehicle used to transport

hazardous materials must:


Receive training before operating the vehicle for
3 days at a recognized institution
&
Recurrent training must occur every year for
one day. Hazmat employers are responsible for
certifying that each hazmat employee has
received the required training and for keeping
detailed records of when and what training was
given. If you are a self-employed owneroperator, this responsibility may be yours.
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TYPES OF GOODS
o rdinary

goods (not dangerous):

1.

Stones ( granite, marble, lime Etc )

2.

Steel ( iron, silver, copper Etc )

3.

Gravel ( sand, iron ore, mud, clay Etc)

D angerous goods :
1.

Liquids ( petrol, diesel, kerosene, furnace oil, acids Etc ).

2.

Gas (L.P.G, C.N.G Etc )

3.

Explosives( TNT, fire crackers, blasting materials Etc )

4.

Power full chemicals that can affect our breathing (such as Insecticides,
Irritating acids, sulphuric and Etc)
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AIM

To carry things safely from one place to other place.

H andle dangerous materials safely:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

We should carry dangerous goods only in closed packs. It should not be


exposed to heat and air.
Avoid spreading on your body.
Blasting materials should be kept safely and should be handled carefully.
Materials which catches fire easily should not be near to fire.
Should learn first aid and practice.
Give first preference to safety of life and avoid pollution.

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Documents
Vehicle:
1.Registration Certificate ( RC book )
2.Tax proof
3.Fitness Certificate
4.Insurance Certificate.
5.Permit issued by RTA.
6.P.U.C Certificate.

Vehicle Tank
1.Explosive license.
2.Emergency information panel.
3.Hazard class label.

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Driver:
1.Driving license- as per CMV Rule 9.
2.Proper trem card and written instructions.

Consignment:
1.Invoice.
2.Excise Gate pass.
3.Weighment card.
4.Consignment receipt
5.Transport emergency card ( trem card).
6.Written instructions for driver
7.Public liability Insurance ( PLI ).
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TANK AND ITS PARTS


1.

Master valve ( Emergency valve ).

2.

Pressure / Vacuum valve ( tamata valve ).

3.

Emergency hole passage (went plug ).

4.

Dip pipe.

5.

Fill pipe ( filling pipe ).

6.

Discharge valve.

7.

Manhole.

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Cont
8.
Electric master switch.
9.

Spark arrester.

10.

Wiring of back light.

11.

Diesel tank safety net.

12.

Safety cover on battery.

13.

Master check valve and box for collection of leakage.

14.

Fire extinguisher 2 nos (dry chemical powder or foam type- 10 kg.


capacity).

15.

Wheel chocks ( wooden blocks ).

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Cont.
16.
Serviceable tool box.
17.

Caution boards( 2 nos ).

18.

Spare wheel ( stepney ).

19.

Class label.

20.

Trem card.

21.

One Manhole for acid tanker with railings necessary.

22.

Necessary documents.

23.

Earthing cable.

24.

Temperature gauge for gas tanker.


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Precautions for safety


V ehicles Inspection:
1.

In good condition to run on road.

2.

Safety instruments.

3.

Emergency equipment inspection.

4.

Fire protection equipment inspection.

5.

All types of intoxicating agents prohibited.

6.

Smoking or open flame is prohibited in the cabin or near the vehicle.

7.

Agarbatties or other flammable materials are prohibited in drivers cabin.


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P recautions to be taken:

1.

Do not leave the vehicle without attender.

2.

Driver or cleaner should be near by.

3.

Away from residence areas and mobs.

4.

On level ground.

5.

Not to abstract movement of other vehicle.

6.

Switching on parking lights during night times.

7.

Vehicle key should be with driver.

8.

Do not rest near or under the vehicle.

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Keep other people away from the vehicle.

10

Load the vehicle according to permit and R.C book.

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Do not take extra load than prescribed.

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Take help while taking the vehicle in reverse.

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Drive on prescribed routes only.

14

Do not allow other passengers in to the vehicle.

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15.

In empty tank or cylinder leftover metrical is dangerous.

16.

Tank should be empty while repairing or welding any part of the tank.

17.

Keep acid away from body.

18.

Do not inhale gas or acid.

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BEFORE STARTING THE VEHICLE


1.

Inspect round the vehicle.

2.

See that any one is resting or sleeping near or under the vehicle.

3.

Hose and earthing cables are separated from the vehicle.

4.

Remove the wheel chocks (stoppers ) from the wheels.

5.

Tyre pressure and condition.

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BEFORE LOADING
1.

Check around the vehicle.

2.

Check the safety instruments.

3.

Proper emergency information panel.

4.

Proper trem card.

5.

Written instructions for driver and cleaner.

6.

No sharp things should be projected from the vehicle.

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DURING LOADING
( CYLINDERS, DRUMS OR BOXES)
1.

Stop the engine of the vehicle.

2.

Keep wheel chocks (stoppers) for all wheels.

3.

Smoking, lighting of cigarettes, agarbatties or flamable articles are prohibited.

4.

Do not load eatables or any other things with hazardous/poisonous goods.

5.

Load heavy materials below and light materials above.

6.

Do not load leaking cylinders, drums, or boxes.

7.

Do not load extra load than prescribed load.

8.

Tie the cylinder, drums or boxes with a strong rope.


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FILLING OF THE TANK


(BULK LOADING)
1.

Stop the vehicle engine.

2.

Keep wheel chocks (stoppers) for all wheels.

3.

Smoking, lighting of cigarettes, agarbatties or flammable articles are


prohibited.

4.

Put loading hose after fixing earthing cable.

5.

After filling ensure that there is no leakage.

6.

If there is any leakage immediately repair it or get it repaired (safety


instruments should be used).

7.

After filling loading hose, earthing cable and wheel stoppers should be
removed (safety instruments to be used).

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SAFETY FOR THE VEHICLES


WITH DANGEROUS MATERIALS
1.

Do not go away leaving the vehicle.

2.

Park the vehicle away from residence areas and mobs.

3.

Drive the vehicle on permitted routes.

4.

Do not allow passengers in to the vehicle.

5.

Do not allow unlicensed persons to drive.

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PLEASE FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING


INSTRUCTIONS
1.

Get technical check up of the tank truck (regularly).

2.

Remember that you are going on long journey and you have to return safe.

3.

See that the brakes are effective and intact. Check whether there is any play
in the steering wheel.

4.

Head lights, tail lamps, parking, and indicator lights should be properly
working.

5.

Tyres should be in condition and should have required air pressure.

6.

Check water in radiator, check battery, check engine oil quantity.

7.

Road signals should be with you study them and follow them.
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EMERGENCY MEASURES
O rdinary Accident, Leakage or fire:
1.

Stop the engine.

2.

Apply hand breaks.

3.

Put stoppers under all wheels.

4.

Remove trem card keep it with you.

5.

Keep away other people from the accident place.

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Cont
6.
Stop the traffic and make them alert.
7.

All flammable and burning materials are prohibited

8.

Smoking is prohibited.

9.

Inform nearest police station immediately.

10.

In case of fire is suspected, inform the fire services.

11.

If necessary remove the people from area about 250 sq.mts and stop the
movement of other vehicle.

12.

First aid to injured.

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Cont..

13.

Give first preference to life saving and pollution and then material.

14.

Inform your owner, consigner and loading company.

15.

Regular inspection of vehicle by the driver or cleaner is necessary.

16.

Engine key should be with driver.

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L eakage or spreading:

1.

If possible take the vehicle away from residential areas to open place.

2.

Soke leaking material with dust, sand or saw dust.

3.

Bury it in a safe place or burn it.

4.

Do not drive the vehicle in water such as river , drain etc.

5.

If possible fill in steel drum with lid.

6.

If possible leaked or spread material should be shifted in to other tank.

7.

In case any leakage of liquid gas, the place should be cleaned with sufficient
water.

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Cont..

8.

Ensure that the liquid gas is not flowing in drains or any other water.

9.

Inform the nearest fire service station.

10.

If possible try to stop the inflammable leakage with safety measures.

11.

Stand in opposite direction of the air.

12.

If possible stop the traffic and keep the people away at least 250 meters of
radius.

13.

Fire protection equipment should be kept ready.

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L imitation of speed on the road and inside the factory:

1.

Follow speed restrictions imposed, Never deviate.

2.

For example speed limit should be 25km per hour (Follow rules ).

3.

Not to enter prohibited area or road.

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M ental and physical health of the driver:

1.

Driver should mentally and physically healthy.

2.

Periodical check up is necessary.

3.

Do not drive the vehicle for a long period in a day.

4.

Eye testing is very necessary.

5.

After 5 hours continuous driving 30 minutes rest is necessary.

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FIRST AID

B ody infection:
1.

Remove the effected clothes and shoes.

2.

Clean the skin by soap.

3.

Consult the doctor.

4.

Infected clothes should be washed and wore. Do not use infected shoes.

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I nfection of eye:
1.
2.

Immediately clean the eyes with cold water for 15 minutes.


Consult the doctor.

I nfection by inhaling:
1.
2.
3.

Remove the person to a open and fresh air area from the polluted area.
If breathing is stopped, try to give artificial breathing.
Try to take the help of a doctor as early as possible.

S tomach is effected:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Follow the instructions of trem card.


If prohibited do not try to vomit.
50 ml Luke warm water should be given for drinking.
Do not give any thing to unconscious person.

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S tomach is effected:

1.

Follow the instructions of trem card.

2.

If prohibited do not try to vomit.

3.

50 ml Luke warm water should be given for drinking.

4.

Do not give any thing to unconscious person.

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