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# INTRODUCTION

TO CONTROL
SYSTEMS
BEKC 3533

INFO

## Name: Tarmizi Bin Ahmad Izzuddin

Ext: 06-555 2361
Email: tarmizi@utem.edu.my
Room: A/3-15
Qualifications

## Diploma in Electronics Engineering, UTM

Degree in Electrical Engineering (Control &
Instrumentation), UiTM

INFO

## Tuesday: 4pm 6pm

Wednesday: 8am 9am
Thursday: 10am 11am

## Tutorial?: 1 hour per week

Text Book: Control Systems Engineering,
Norman Nise. (Compulsory), RM73
Chapters: 10

LEARNING OUTCOME

## Describe the basic features and

configuration of control systems
Apply appropriate techniques to perform
block diagram reduction of multiple
subsystems in order to obtain its transfer
function
Construct the mathematical model for
electrical, mechanical and
electromechanical linear time invariant
systems in frequency domain and time
domain

## Analyze the transient and steady state

performance for first and second order
systems
Sketch and describe the root locus of a
system
Construct the asymptotic approximation
Bode plots for first order and second
order systems
Other references:

## Modern Control Systems - Bishop, Dorf

Modern Control Systems Ogata

ASSESSMENT

Quiz: 5%

Every chapter
Pop quiz

Test: 30%
Assignments: 15%
Final Exam: 50%

INTRODUCTION TO
CONTROL SYSTEM
CHAPTER 1

OBJECTIVES

## Define the control system

State the advantages of control system
Describe the response characteristics, open-loop and
closed-loop systems
Find out the differences between open-loop and
closed loop systems
State the analysis and design objectives of control
system
Describe the terms in control system such as input,
output, controller, feedback, plant, transient response,

WHAT IS CONTROL?

WHAT IS CONTROL
SYSTEMS?

## Control systems are an integral part of

modern society.
Numerous applications are all around us.
Basic concept

Water pipe
Steering wheel

CONTROL SYSTEM
DEFINITIONS

## Consists of subsystems and processes

(or plants) assembled for the purpose of
controlling the output of processes.
In other word, a control system provides
an output or response for a given input
or stimulus.

RESPONSE
CHARACTERISTICS

SYSTEMS

SYSTEMS

## OPEN & CLOSE LOOP CONTROL SYSTEMS

OPEN LOOP CONTROL
SYSTEMS

SYSTEMS

## Sensitive to noise, disturbances and

changes in the environment.

disturbances.

## Have the feedback path.

Output response: greater
accuracy.

## Less sensitive to noise,

disturbances and changes in the
environment.

## The system can compare the

output response with the input
and make a correction if there is
any difference.
More complex and expensive.

OBJECTIVES

## Control systems are dynamic: they

response to an input by undergoing a
transient response before reaching
resembles the input.
3 major objectives:

## Producing the desired transient response

Achieving stability

## ANALYSIS & DESIGN

OBJECTIVES

Transient Response

## Too fast or too slow

Have to analyze the system for its existing
transient response. Then, adjust parameters or
design components to yield a desired transient
response.

## Resembles the input

Design corrective action to reduce this error

OBJECTIVES

Stability

## The transient response is the sum of natural

and forced responses with the natural
response is large.
The steady-state response is also the sum of
natural and forced responses with natural
response is small.

OBJECTIVES

## For a control system to be useful, natural

response must approach zero.
If natural response much greater than
forced response, the system is no longer
controlled. This condition called
instability.
Control system must be design to be
stable. If the system is stable, the proper
error characteristics can be designed.

THE END
THANK YOU