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WELDER QUALIFICATION (THEORY)

WHEREVER THERES MINING, WERE THERE.

WELDING PROCESS
GAS METAL ARC WELDING
7 MARCH 2016
DERA LESMANA
WELDING ENGINEER

WHEREVER THERES MINING, WERE THERE.

OBJECTIVES

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6.

Describe GMAW operating variables


Describe GMAW weld defects
Describe GMAW safe operation
Describe and demonstrate proper care, use,
and troubleshooting of equipment
Describe and demonstrate welding
techniques
Make various groove and fillet welds with the
various modes of metal transfer with both
solid and metal cored electrodes

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GAS METAL ARC WELDING (GMAW)

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POLARITY
DIRECT CURRENT ELECTRODE POSITIVE (DCEP)

Generally used for gas metal arc welding


Provides maximum heat input into work allowing relatively deep
penetration to take place
Assists in removal of oxides from plate
Low current values produce globular transfer of metal from
electrode
On carbon steel shielding gas must contain minimum of 80% argon
Ferrous metals need addition of 2 to 5% oxygen to gas mixture

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USES

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DIRECT CURRENT ELECTRODE POSITIVE (DCEP)

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SHIELDING GAS

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PENETRATION

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NOMENCLATURE OF AREA BETWEEN NOZZLE AND WORKPIECE

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TRAVEL AND WORK GUN ANGLES

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DRAG AND PUSH METHODS

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RELATIONSHIP OF ARC LENGTH TO WELD BEAD WIDTH

Electrode
Electrode

Arc Length
Arc Length

Low Voltage
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High Voltage

PENETRATION COMPARISON

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EFFECT OF WIRE FEED SPEEDS

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SUMMARY OF OPERATING VARIABLES

Height and width of bead depend on adjustment


of these variables

Joint preparation
Gas flow rate
Voltage
Speed of travel
Arc length
Polarity

Variables adjusted on basis of type of material


being welded, thickness of material, position of
welding, deposition rate required, and final weld
specifications
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CARE OF NOZZLES

Keep the gun nozzle, contact tube, and


wire-feeding system clean to eliminate
wire-feeding stoppages
Nozzle is natural spatter collector

If spatter builds up thick enough, it can


actually bridge gap and electrically connect
insulated nozzle to contact tube
To remove spatter, use soft, blunt
tool for prying
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WELDING SYMBOL

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BASIC JOINT TYPE

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