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Central Air Conditioning Water

chilled system
At Samanvay Bhawan Auditorium, Apex
Bank, Bhopal.

Presented By :
Pratyush Kumar

Structure of the presentation :


General Information of the auditorium
Plan, section and target volume of the auditorium
Components of the system
Photographs and understanding of the various
components
Layout diagrams (plans and sections)
Working of the system
Issues and Conclusions

General Information :
The auditorium is used all through the year by Apex Bank officials for
various seminars and conferences.
This means the air conditioning is used all through the year except in
the peak winters when the cooling is avoided.
It has a total seating capacity of around 600 persons at two different
levels with the ground level housing 500 and the balcony housing 100
persons.
There are total 5 sections of seating two large at the ground level and
three at the balcony level and a projector room at the back of the
balcony.

The Stage and the ground level seating

The Balcony seating

25 METERS

STAGE

40 METERS

GROUND LEVEL SEATIANG


AHU 2
AHU 1

BALCONY

PROJECTOR ROOM
X

Ground level
and balcony
plan

FALSE CEILING

DUCTS

2.5 METERS

5.5 meters

PROJECTOR
ROOM

4.2 METERS

SECTION XX
Target Volume = 2800 cubic meters (approx.)
Required cooling = 100 tons (as per thumb rules)
Available cooling = 120 tons (two compressors 60 tons each)
Sufficient cooling is provided as the insulated and sound proof
volumes require extra cooling.

nents of the Central Air Conditioning Water Chilled System

r main components that we found in the system were :


Plant room - Electrical panel ( 200A, 415 V)
d
Basement) - The Chiller cage including :
1) 2 Compressors (3 Pair of pistons, 10 ton each, Total 120
2) 2 Condensers
3) 1 Chiller
4) 1 Expansion valve
- 2 Chilled water pumps, 2 Condenser pumps
- The connecting pipes

2 AHUs ( Air Handling Unit) - The Cooling Coil


h the sides of the balcony) - The Filter
- The Blower with its motor
- The Dampers
- The supply and the return air ducts
- The supply and return pipes from the Chille

Duct system and the diffusers in the auditoriums false ceiling.

Cooling tower, the insulated backup tank and the concerned pipes.
e terrace)

The Chiller cage and its components

The Chiller cage and the pipe

The compressor control panel and the Condensers can be seen

A BROKEN
PISTON OF
THE
COMPRESSOR

PRESSURE
AND
TEMPERATUR
E GAUGES
THE
EXPANSION
VALVE

THE
ELECTRICAL
CONTROL
PANEL

The Chilled water and condenser pumps

The Cooling
coil

The AHU Room

The Blower and its

The Damper

The Filter

The supply and return water pipes

The wall lining of the AHU

The return air ducts

The Diffuser

The false ceiling enclosing the chilled airThe DUCT moving out of the AHU

The cooling tower with its


supply and return pipes to the

The Backup tank

DUCTS

DIFFUSERS

AHU 2
AHU 1

The ceiling layout of the ducts from the

TERRACE

COOLING
TOWER

2nd to 5th FLOORS


SUPPLY AND RETURN PIPES WITH INSULATION FROM
CHILLER TO AHUs
AHU
THE
AUDITORIUM
THROUGH FALSE CEILING OF MEZZANINE
FLOOR

PLANT
ROOM

SUPPLY AND RETURN PIPES TO


COOLING TOWER FROM
CONDENSER

SERVI
CE
DUCT
STAIRWE
LL

SECTION showing the layout of the various pipes in the

ENTRANC
E

PUMPS
CHILLER CAGE

ROUGH PLAN OF PLANT


ROOM
DRAINAGE
AND
REFUSE
AREA

ELECTRICAL CONTROL
CENTER
ELECTRICAL
SUPPLY

TOOLS AREA

THERMOCO
L
COAL TAR

THE PIPE

PLASTER
WIRE MESH

INSULATION DETAILS OF THE CHILLED WATER

Working of the Central Air Conditioning Water


Chilled System

A line diagram supporting the kind of system we found at


Samanway Bhawan

THE AIR FLOW ANIMATION

Issues:
There were maintenance issues found, there were leakages at
pipe connections at few places like the condenser pump.
The water was not treated well.
The cooling tower was not cleaned properly.
The filter was not cleaned.
During usage people complained about the extra cooling and
the compressors were turned off during an event.
There was a big space constraint in the AHUs for the
monitoring personnel.
Conclusions:
The overall efficiency and working of the system suits the
requirement of the Bank.
The initial cost was high but the overall saving during the
course of years is sufficient.
High maintenance and most essentially skilled monitoring of
the system is indispensable.
The systems are rated to last 25 years with regular
maintenance.
The overall planning and schematics of the system is
efficient.
The cooling is sufficient for the given auditorium.

THANK YOU