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Formation of Compact Layer (CL)

Synthesis of CL

Formation of Compact Layer (CL)


a)

Figure 1 : SEM images of CL (Top View)

Figure 2 :
a) SEM Image of
b) TEM image of CL

Characterization of CL

Figure 3 : Absorption and


Transmittance for compact layer of
PSCs from TiCl4
According to Aswani Yella (2014), with
0.2M we can get the highest open
circuit potential with the TiO2

Formation of Perovskite Solar Cells (PSCs)


a)

b)

DMF as
solvent

Figure 4 : a)
Precepitate of
CH3NH3I b)
CH3NH3PbI3 PSCs
solution

Formation of Perovskite Solar Cells (PSCs)

Figure 6 : Absorption and Transmittance for CH3NH3PbI2 with


different quantity of DMF

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells (PSCs)

Etching

Compact layer

IV
Characterizatio
n
FESEM
UV
Measurement

Back Contact

Mesoporous
Layer

HTM

Perovskite
Coating
MAPbICl

Perovskite
Coating
MAPbI

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
1. Etching
2. Compact layer
(PSCs)
Use HCl +
Zinc

3. Mesoporous layer
2000rpm, 1500rpm
& 1000rpm for 60s
(using Spin coater)

0.1M TiCl4
60c for 1hr in
oven
Sintered at 475c
for 30min

4. Perovskite Coating
1000rpm for 50s
(Spin coater)
MAPbI3 & MAPbICl2

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
5. HTM
(PSCs)

Spiro MeOTAD
75mg/ml of Cholorobenzene + 8l of TBP + 14.2l L
+ 525mg.ml acetonitril

6. Back contact
Platinum
3min
(20MA)
5min
(40MA)
10min
(40MA)

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
(PSCs)
MAPbI3

MAPbICl
2

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
(PSCs)
Planar &
Mesoporo
us MAPbI3
with

Spiro

Planar &
Mesoporo
us
MAPbICl2
with

Planar &
Mesoporo
us MAPbI3
with
Cu2O

Only one
device
show high
voltage
~430 mv
out of 6
sample
tested

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
(PSCs)
Results
UV
Measuremen
t

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
(PSCs)
Results
IV Characterization

FF

Voc (V)

Jsc
(mA/cm2)

0.22

0.485

6.85

0.55

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
(PSCs)
Results

FESEM (1500rpm
Platin
um
Spiro

Mp TiO2 /
Perovskite
C
L
FT
O

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
Results
FESEM (2000rpm)
(PSCs)
Platinum
Spiro
MpTiO2/Perovskit
e
CL
FTO

Device Fabrication of Perovskite


Solar Cells
Observation
(PSCs)
1. Thickness of compact layer
is high
2. No overlayer of perovskite
3. HTM used Spiro MeOTAD is
very sensitive to
atmosphere
4. Back Contact Platinum
5. Device short circuit
6. Humidity in the room quite
high ~60%

What should we
modify our
experiment?
1. 3000rpm will used to
coat mesoporous
layer
2. Reduce time for dip
coating of compact
layer 60c for
30min.
3. Humidity of the room
should be controlled
~ 35%

Degradation of Perovskite Solar


Cells
(PSCs)

Degradation of the PSCs


The color of
perovskite change
completely after
one day

The color of
perovskite change

Solutio
n

Encapsulation of PSCs

Timeline

I am
here

Research Flow Chart


Synthes
is of CL

Synthesis
of
Perovskite
solution

Full device
fabrication

Stability
of
perovski

Wt
%
0
24
48
72
96
120
144
168
182
216
240

Hrs

0wt%

5wt%

10wt%

20wt%

XRD
UV-Vis
PL
FESEM