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Investigating extract

galangal and citrus peel on


dissolving styrofoam
Ainayah Fadilah
3622
X IPA 1

BAB I

BAB III

BAB II

BAB IV

BAB V

Background

Problem of Study:
1. Could extract
galangal dissolve
styrofoam?
2. Could citrus peel
dissolve styrofoam?
3. Which one is better
between extract
galangal and citrus
peel to dissolve
styrofoam?

Objective of Study:
1. To investigate if
extract galangal on
dissolving styrofoam.
2. To investigate if
citrus peel on
dissolving styrofoam.
3. To describe the
better one between
extract galangal and
citrus peel to dissolve
styrofoam.

Significance of
Study:
In general, the benefits
that gained from this
paper is both the writer
and the readers able to
know the utilization of
extract galangal and
citrus peel to treat the
styrofoam trash. they
could apply this report
as an alternative way to
decrease styrofoam
trash in their house.

BAB II

Styrofoam Waste
Styrofoam or Polystyrene is a
petroleum-based plastic made
from the styrene monomer.
Polystyrene is a light-weight
material, about 95% air, with very
good insulation properties and is
used in all types of products from
cups that keep your beverages hot
or cold to packaging material that
keep your computers safe during
shipping

Extract Galangal
extract galangal itself means
the flavoring extract prepared
from galangal and contains in
each one hundred cubic
centimetres the water or soluble
matters from not less than

Family of Citrus
Citrus fruits,widely used edible
fruits of plants belonging to
citrusand related general of the
family rutaceae (orangefamily).
The fruits are rich in vitamin C
(ascorbic acid), various fruit
acids (especiallycitric acid), and
fruit sugar.

Galangal
composition
of
galangal
rhizomes / 100g dry matter is
moisture- 14g, total ash-9g,
matter soluble in 80 % ethanol49g, matter soluble in water19g, total sugar-9gr, total
nitrogen-3g, total protein-16gr,
essential oil content-0,2-1,5%

BAB III
Variables of Research

Operational Definition

No

Variables

Factors

1. Galangal
2. Citrus
fruits
3. Styrofoa
m
4. dissolving

1.

Independent

Extract galangal and citrus peel.

2.

Controlled

volume of solvent, room


temperature, vessel to dissolve
styrofoam, size of styrofoam.

3.

Method of
Research
experiment

Dependent

Condition of styrofoam

Techniques of
Collecting the Data
Observation

Techniques of
Analyzing the Data
qualitative analysis

BAB IV
Procedure:
1. Cut two piece of styrofoam in a same
size. Each piece is 5 x 1.5 cm. This is small
enough to fit on the isolated containers.
2. Peel the citrus, until the amount of the
peel is 200 gr.
3. Blend citrus peel 200gr and mix it with a
little bit of water so the blending process
goes smoother.
4. Dissepear it from the plup and put the
substance into the container.
5. Cut the galangal into the small pieces,
until the amount is 200 gr.
6. Blend galangal 200gr and mix it with a
little bit of water so the blending process
goes smoother
7. Dissepear it from the plup and put the
substance into the second container.
8. Put each piece of styrofoam above the
substance and close the container.
9. Measure the size of styrofoam every

Materials
1)Citrus peel
2)galangal
3)Styrofoam
4)water
Equiptment
1.) 1 Blender
2.) 1 knife
3.) 2 isolated
plastic
container (800
ml)
4.) 1 ruler
5.) 1 neraca

Observation Result
Table 4.1 Observation result for citrus peel
No.

Day

Styrofoam Size

Condition

1.

1st

3.5 x 1 cm

Quite elastic and a little bit soaky. There is already a huge


difference in a day.

2.

2nd

2.3 x 0.8 cm

Its elastic, like a rubber. The styrofoam didnt even shaped


like before. The color changed to be a little bit yellow-ish.
And the size getting smaller.

3.

3rd

2 x 0.7 cm

The Styrofoam becomes more elastic. The shape is changed,


and there is a size difference from the other day.

4.

4th

1.5 x 0.5 cm

The Styrofoam becomes more elastic like a rubber. The


shape is changed, and there is a size difference from the
other day.

5.

5th

1 x 0.5 cm

Very elastic and a little bit soaky. There is already a huge


difference in a day.
The colour become yellow-ish.

Fig. 7 The Styrofoam of Extract Galangal in 5


Days

Fig. 8 The Styrofoam of Citrus Peel in 5 Days

Table 4.2 Observation Result for Extract Galangal


No.

Day

Styrofoam Size

Condition

1.

1st

5 x 1.5 cm

Did not affect the styrofoam yet. It is pretty stiff just like
before. Nothing changes.

2.

2nd

5 x 1.5 cm

There is no effect for this second days. The styrofoam is just


stiff as before. The shaped and structure didnt change.

3.

3rd

5 x 1.5 cm

The structure, shape, and size are not change. The styrofoam
still stiff like the first day.

4.

4th

4.9 x 1.5 cm

Finally, there is a small effect for four days. But, the styrofoam
is just stiff as before. Only 1 mm length difference.

5.

5th

4.9 x 1.5 cm

The length and width still same with the fourth day. It is pretty
stiff just like before. Nothing changes about the structure.

Interpretations
Citrus is able to dissolve the styrofoam matter in a couple hours in
the first day, because in citrus peel has the highest amount of dlimonene
On the other hand, extract galangal is not able to dissolve
styrofoam because during five days, the size of the styrofoam keep
constant and the condition just pretty stiff, nothing changes. That is
caused extract galangal does not has d-limonene component
Based on the experiment result we can conclude that citruss peel
is the most efficient to dissolve styrofoam naturally than extract
galangal.

BAB V
Conclusions
of the Research
1.) Extract galangal takes many days to dissolve the styrofoam
and there is just a little difference. It is because extract
galangal does not has the highest amount of d-limonene, which
is the chemical substance that able to dissolve styrofoam
2.) Citrus peel is able to dissolve styrofoam naturally.
3.) Therefore, citrus peel is the best and most effective kind of
natural plant or fruit to dissolve the styrofoam naturally.

Saran
we should be able to reduce the inedible waste on our daily life.
styrofoam is unable to dissolved naturally in our environment, we
should use the citrus peel that we could easily find. Other people
may apply any other natural waste to dissolve styrofoam, so in a
same time people may reduce both the amount of natural waste
and styrofoam waste in their surroundings.

thankyou