Sie sind auf Seite 1von 27

BRE 108 BUILDINGS

MATERIALS &
CONSTRUCTION
INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1

STRUCTURE : THE
INTEGRATION OF
STRUCTUE, BUILDING
& ARCHITECTURE

DEFINED
STRUCTURE;
BUILDING;
ARCHITECTURE

STRUCTURE Something
constructed such as building,
dam , and arrange , compose or
interrelate al l parts to a whole
BUILDING A structure that is
built for human occupancy and
to construct, it is art or work of
assembling materials into
structure.
ARCHITECTURE the art &
science of designing & building
quality open area, structures,
communities & other artificial
construction or environments
with attention to their aesthetic
effect

The shelter design were according to the purpose, form


changed only refinement through new approach made a
significant improvement in their performance
Used local material that adapt to their location and
climate e.g mud was molded into blocks, dried in sun
used as a strong , stable wall. Reed were bound
together into bundles to make columns & woven into
mats to serve as wall panels or roofs.
Mud bricks are ideal for a desert climate. The heavy wall
with high thermal capacity absorb heat during day &
transfer it to the interior at night.

VERNACULAR TRADITION the general rules


Vernacular buildings & crafts belong to ordinary
people. Built by the owner or by specialist within
the community;
Materials are found close at hand, and design
have strong local or regional character;
Design are utilitarian. They are made for their
purpose, fitting proven functional pattern;
Building & village design is well adapted to
climate, solving problems by the use of natural
systems;
Changes in design develop slowly. Craftspeople
are conservative, preferring to use experience of
previous generation.
Cultural symbolism, ceremony and ritual also play

HIGH STYLE TRADITION


Leaders of the tribe and those who distinguish themselves
from ordinary people create this high tradition
Leader with position, creates luxurious palaces, temples
with precious objects this create high style design.
The building different from vernacular dwellings as made
with unique structures, scale, strength and in artistic quality.
Vernacular style .

HIGH STYLE TRADITION DIFFERS FROM VERNACULAR STYLE

It is the property of the elite;


Design are conceived & executed by specialists;
The designer is usually not the maker or builders, but acted as the
overseer of work. The makers or builders are skilled artisans;
The quality of work is of the highest standard. Materials are of high
quality
Symbolism decoration and refinement are often more important
than usefulness;
Design do not evolve primarily as a response to climate and site, but
they may be adapted to suit local condition
National and regional character is developed but design from other
cultures are often adopted to satisfy the desire for change or
prestige
Change in design style occur regularly

VERNACULAR BUILDINGS

Building act as modifiers of the natural environment to provide


interior environment appropriate for human habitation.
A vernacular buildings often utilized passive methods of control. In
hot climates, passive controls include thick walls to insulate;
Courtyards to provide cool, shaded space;
Small deep wall openings to prevent solar ingress ;
Wind catchers tall chimney like elements that stimulate the venting
of hot interior air by rotating to catch external air movement &
sucking up interior air currents
In hot & humid climate passive planning techniques include opensided buildings with shaded verandahs often elevated to encourage
air movement & subsequent cooling

STRUCTURE EVOLVED THROUGH ARCHITECTURAL


TREND

How trend manifest the design and


construction concept;
Construction produce tangible structures
from the dreams & designs of owners,
developers, designers and builders

THE TRENDS

Egyptian period
Greek period
Roman period
Medieval Gothic Periods
Renaissance and Baroque Periods
Industrial Revolution
Art & Crafts Movement
Modern Movement
Contemporary Trends

PERIOD IN DISTANT PAST 7000BC 1770 AD

MEDIEVAL & GOTHIC PERIODS

RENAISSANCE & BAROQUE PERIOD

RECENT PAST : 1770 -1960

ARTS & CRAFTS MOVEMENT (1850-1920)

MODERN MOVEMENT

CONTEMPORARY TRENDS (1960s to Present)

DECONSTRUCTION

DECONSTRUCTION

Deconstruction movement initiated by a French philosopher


Jacques Derrida in 1970s.
A deconstructivist approach is an attempt to deconstruct the
elements of architecture. Often the elements from other traditions
are incorporated in the composition altering their function and the
meaning to provide an innovative 3-dimensional spatial experience.
In 1970s the concern on energy crisis. High tech architects sought
to find use of modern technology & industrial component .
The main characteristic of high tech aesthetic include compact
rectangular forms that are transparent & lightweight, emphasis on
precision engineering & machine detailing, & exposure of structure
& mechanical system often exhibited in bright colors with high
finishes.

PRESERVATION

HISTORIC PRESERVATION

The benefits of historic preservation help to preserve cultural


continuity, protect neighborhoods, conserve energy, interpret history
and enable people to experience the vitality & complexity of multi
layered built environment.

RESTORATION/ENE
RGY & RESOURCE
EFFICIENCY
Restoration used to
bring a building to a
specific & significant
point in time, usually to
it original state by
accurately depicting
the form, features &
character of a property
as it appeared at a
particular period of
time by removing of
features from other
periods &
reconstruction of
missing features from
the restoration period

CULTURAL
IDENTITY/URBAN
REVITALIZATION
Pioneer square was rebuilt
from the ashes of a
devastating fire in 1889 .
Following the world war II the
neighborhood fell into
economic decline as the center
of activities shifted north and
masses of inner city resident
moved to suburb. The neighbor
was declared blighted area.
Then urban renewal plan were
carried out ; where abandoned
& dilapidated building were
replaced with new water front
highway system
Today this place become the
vital center for the arts, tourism
and entertainment

SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM & REGENERATIVE


DESIGN
A truly GREEN architecture is much more than one that is
bedecked with plant, conserves energy & minimizes
pollution. It recognizes & gently engages of all the
extraordinarily rich web of forces & relationships that can, &
do, exist between architecture, its occupants, & its
surroundings- both immediate & planet wide.
..Because it is holistic, Green architecture is concerned
with a synthesis that seeks a delicate judged equilibrium
rather than simplistic statement
.Thus many designers are directing their creativity toward
making green project based on sustainable systems
within the built environment.

CREATING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE


DESIGNING WITH ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM
WHAT IS OUR VISION OF THE FUTURE?
WHAT SHOULD BE EMPHASIZED & STUDIED?
HOW TO MEET THE CHALLENGES OF THE
FUTURE

To be continued