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Circular

Slab

Introduction
Uses of Circular Slabs:
1.Roof of a room or hall circular in plan
2.Floor of circular water tanks or
towers
3.Roof of pump houses constructed
above tube wells
4.Roof of a traffic control post at the
intersection of roads

In circular slab, Bending takes place in


distinctly two perpendicular directions
along the two spans.
Reinforcement is provided in the form of
a mesh of bars having equal area of
cross section in both the directions, the
area being equal to that required for the
bigger of the radial and circumferential
moments.
However, if the stresses near the edge
are not negligible, or if the edge is fixed,
radial and circumferential reinforcement
near the edge becomes essential.

Circular slab
Circular slabs are more commonly used in the design of circular
water tank containers with flat bottom and raft foundations.
The analysis of stresses in these slabs is generally based on
elastic theory. Under uniformly distributed loads, these slabs
deflect in the form of a saucer and develop radial and
circumferential stresses. Tensile stresses develop on the convex
surface and compressive stresses develop on the concave
surface.
Tensile stresses must be provided in the radial and
circumferential directions near the convex surface.
Alternatively, reinforcing bars can be provided in two mutually
perpendicular directions instead of in the radial and
circumferential directions.
Normally, near the Centre of the slab, reinforcement is provided
in the form of mutually right angle mesh; and near the edge of
the slab, in the form of radial and circumferential bars.

Simply supported slab with,


uniformly distributed load

Simply supported slab with,


uniformly distributed load

Fully restraint slab with


uniformly distributed load

Fully restraint slab with


uniformly distributed load

Simply supported slab with


concentric load

Simply supported slab with


concentric load

Simply supported slab with


uniformly distributed load inside a
concentric circle

Simply supported slab with


uniformly distributed load inside a
concentric circle

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and with uniformly
distributed load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and with uniformly
distributed load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and with
concentric load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and with concentric
load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and linearly varying
distributed load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and linearly varying
distributed load

Simply supported slab with a


circular hole and linearly varying
distributed load