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Communication

TOPIC REVIEW
The use of email
Spam
Group e-mail
Terminology
Issues with internet communications

10.1 communicate with other ICT


user using e-mail
CONSTRAINT:
1. LAWS
2. ACCEPTABLE LANGUAGE
3. COPYRIGHT
4. NETTIQUETTE

SPAM

Why e-mail group used?


Anelectronic mailing groupis a special use
ofemailthat allows for widespread distribution of
information to manyInternetusers.
It is similar to a traditionalmailing list a list of
names and addresses as might be kept by an
organization for sending publications to its members
or customers.

10.2 Effective use of the


internet
1. SEND AND RECEIVE E-MAIL
2. CHAT ONLINE
3. TRANSFER FILE
4. BROWSE THE WWW

Fundamental of internet

Differences between internet, intranet and World


Wide Web
Internet = The Internet- a global system of interconnected
computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol
suite (TCP/IP)
Intranet = a private network within an organisation which
may offer printer sharing, file sharing, communication,
private websites etc...which uses internet technologies such
as TCP/IP and web browsers
WWW = World Wide Web- a system of interlinked
hypertext documents accessed via the Internet

What is it?

Cloud Computing

The Average Cloud user


Connects to the cloud via the Internet
Does computing tasks
Runs applications
Stores Data

Do you Use the Cloud?

Type of service
Software as a Service (SaaS)

is a software
distribution model in which applications are hosted
by a vendor or service provider and made
available to customers over a network, typically
the Internet.

The Cloud Requires


An Internet connection
An account - Created with a user name and a password
Agree to Terms

So what is the cloud?

=
Computing and software resources that are delivered on
demand, as service.
(2013, January) A Walk in the Clouds. Cloud Computing, CDW-G Reference Guide., 3-5.

Computer Storage
Computers have internal or hard drive storage(C: Drive)
CPU has a drive for storing programs, documents, pictures,
videos, presentations, etc

Standard Computer
Tower or Central
Processing Unit
(CPU)

Inside the Computer

Internal Storage
Content is stored on THAT computer
To use content must return to THAT computer
Cannot access this content from another device or
computer

External Storage
Allows your content to become mobile
Save to the storage device
Take device to any compatible computer
Open and use content
CD/DVD

Thumb Drive

SD Card

External Hard Drive

Micro SD
Card

Benefits
Saving Large Files
Multiple file types Photos, videos, presentations, docs
Back-up of stored files
File Sharing
Access from devices
Nothing to forget (thumb drive, cd)
Project collaboration

File Sharing / The cloud

Advantages
Can be less expensive compared to buying software
and hardware
Can be used from any computer or device with an
Internet connection
The device does not need as large of an internal
storage system
Updates occur across the service

Disadvantages
Security Issues
Terms of Service
Privacy Policies

Terminology:
HTTP: Foundation of data communication for the World Wide
Web. Hypertext is structured text that uses logical links
(hyperlinks) between nodes containing text.
HTTPS:The use of Secure Socket Layer (SSL) or Transport
Layer Security (TLS) as a sublayer under
regularHTTPapplication layering.HTTPSencrypts and
decrypts user page requests as well as the pages that are
returned by the Web server.
URL: Stands forUniform Resource Locator, and is used to
specify addresses on the World Wide Web. AnURLis the
fundamental network identification for any resource
connected to the web (e.g., hypertext pages, images, and
sound files).
URLshave the following format:
protocol://hostname/other_information

Hyperlink: a link from a hypertext file or document to


another location or file, typically activated by clicking
on a highlighted word or image on the screen.
ISP: AnInternet Service Provider(ISP) is a company
that provides you with access to the Internet, usually
for a fee.
FTP: TheFile Transfer Protocol(FTP) is a standard
network protocol used to transfer computer files from
one host to another host over a TCP (Transmission
Control Protocol)-based network, such as the
Internet.FTPis built on a client-server architecture and
uses separate control and data connections between
the client and the server.

Structure of website address

http : protocol
www : world wide web
Youtube : Domain name
.com : domain extension

What is search engine?


A program that searches for and identifies items in a database
that correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user,
used especially for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web.

What is web browser?


A browser is software that is used to access the internet.
A browser lets you visit websites and do activities within them like login,
view multimedia, link from one site to another, visit one page from
another, print, send and receive email, among many other activities.
The most common browser software titles on the market are: Microsoft
Internet Explorer, Google's Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple's Safari, and
Opera.

Blogs

Media
Uploadin
g Sites

Internet
Developments

Social
networ
k sites

Wikis

What is Web 2.0?


The original World-Wide Web ('The
Web', WWW, or 'Web 1.0') was a
collection of mostly static websites
that published information.
'Web 2.0 is the name given to the
recent development of interactive
websites that are quite different to
the old, static websites.

Many websites on the Web


today allow users to:

share information (e.g. notes and


photos on Facebook)
interact (add comments, chat,
etc.)
collaborate on content (e.g.
creating pages on Wikipedia)
create their own content (e.g.
videos on YouTube)

Web 2.0 is often called the 'Social Web


It's also been called the 'Read-Write Web'

1- Blogs / web logs


A blog is a website where someone (usually a
normal person - not a professional writer) writes
about a topic.
2- Wikis
Users work together to create the content.
The pages of a wiki can be edited by anyone (or
those who have the password)
So that different people can add to the page, edit
things or fix errors
Used for Encyclopaedia and Help Sites

3- Media Uploading Sites


websites that allow users to create, upload
and share their own media such as photos,
music or video.
Usually other users can rate or leave their
comment .
4- Social Networks
Allow users to connect with other users
who are friends / relatives, or who share
similar interests.
Connected users can then share information
/ pictures / files with each other, send
messages, chat, etc.

Advantages of info. On the Internet:


Info. Up-to-date compared to many books.
It is quick to search for the info.
It is available on your home computer or mobile.
Can obtain info from other parts of the world easily.

Disadvantages of using info. On the Internet:


The info could be unreliable.
There could be too much info to read

Issues with Info found on the


Internet:

The Internet and World Wide Web


are a fantastic resource for
finding and sharing information.
However we need to take care
when using the Internet to look
for information, or to send
information.

Unreliability of
Info.

Issues with
Info found on
the Internet

Undesirability of
Info.

How to assess the reliability and bias of a website

1. Can use the final part of a URL


to identify reliability .ac, .gov,
.org are usually fairly reliable
2. Can compare information from
reliable sites to see if it is
reliable
3. Is site endorsed

How to assess the reliability and bias of a website

6. Can compare with information from


reliable/authenticated/text books
7. Does it have links to other reliable sites/unreliable
sites
8. Does it have testimonials
9. Check the date of the last update
10. Are there links to and from the website to and from
well known reliable websites?
11. Checking the authors credentials

[2] Undesirable Information

There are a huge number of


websites that contain highly
offensive, or illegal material.
To avoid this type of material, you
can make use of parental
control or web page filtering
software.

If filtering software is not


installed on a computer:
Use the 'safe search' feature on search

engines such as Google.


Dont click the links that are shown in

junk email (spam)


Think carefully about the keywords

that you use to search with.