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HOW HAS THE GHANA WATER POLICY PROVIDED FOR IMPLEMENTATION AND POLICY ARRANGEMENT?

HOW HAS THE GHANA WATER POLICY PROVIDED FOR IMPLEMENTATION AND POLICY ARRANGEMENT?

PRESENTATION BY GROUP 2

NAMES

OLIVIA BUSHELL PREMPEH (MRS.)

JOHN TERLABIE SETH ANKAMAH CHERUB ABOAGYE (MISS) ANSAH KWEKU SNR YUSIF QUANSAH JOSEPHINE ADU-GYAMFI (MISS) GODWIN ARMSTRONG DUKU

PRESENTATION OUTLINES • INTRODUCTION 4 4 - 5 - 5 • BACKGROUND OF GHANA’S WATER RESOURCES
PRESENTATION OUTLINES
• INTRODUCTION
4
4
- 5
- 5
• BACKGROUND OF GHANA’S WATER RESOURCES
• NATIONAL WATER POLICY
6
6
- 7
- 7
• STRATEGIES
• FOCUS AREA
8
8
- 11
- 11
• IMPLEMENTATION AND CHALLENGES
12
12
-
-
• INSTITUTIONS AND THEIR ROLES
13
13
• RECOMMENDATIONS
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14

INTRODUCTION

Major surface water systems South western system (Bia, n system (Bia, Volta system Volta system (Black,
Major surface water systems
South western system (Bia,
n system (Bia,
Volta system
Volta system (Black, White,
Coastal system (Densu,
Ankobra, Pra)
ra, Pra)
Red,
Red, Oti)
Ayensu)
Ayensu)

GHANA’S WATER POTENTIAL

GHANA’S WATER POTENTIAL  Rainwater intensity varies between 800 mm/yr SE to 2,000 mm/yr SW 

Rainwater intensity varies between 800 mm/yr SE to 2,000 mm/yr SW Total annual runoff is 56.4 billion m 3 Total water available from surface water 39.4 billion m 3 Aquifer depths varies between 6-300 m Yields range between 6-184 m 3 /h

GHANA WATER POLICY

Aim - provide framework for sustainable development of Ghana's water resources

Targeted at all stakeholders eg. water users, managers, investors, NGOs and development partners

Recognises Fundamental human right

cross-sectoral issues related to water use – agriculture, transport, energy, sanitation

IWRM Gender issues

NATIONAL WATER POLICY

Water Resources Management
Water Resources
Management
Urban Water Supply Community Water and Sanitation
Urban Water
Supply
Community Water
and Sanitation
NATIONAL WATER POLICY Water Resources Management Urban Water Supply Community Water and Sanitation

STRATEGIES AND FOCUS AREAS

 

URBAN WATER SUPPLY

 

COMMUNITY WATER AND SANITATION

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Water Sources

 

Access to Potable Water

     

Improving Access to Water

   
 

Decentralized delivery of water and sanitation services

Access to Water Water for Food Security

Finance

 

Finance

Water for Non-consumptive and Other Uses

Hygiene

Education

and

Hygiene

Education

and

Sanitation

Financing

Environmental Sanitation

(HES)

Public Private Partnerships

 

Public Private Partnership

 

Climate Variability and Change

Capacity Building

 

Capacity Building

 

Capacity Building and Public Awareness Creation

Good Governance

 

Gender

Mainstreaming

and

Good

Good Governance

 

Governance

 

Research and Development

 

Research and Development

 

Planning and Research

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

 

Operation and Maintenance (O&M)

International Cooperation

Emergency and Extreme Events

 

Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Focus area

Principles

challenges

Policy objectives

 

Good governance

 

Lack of

 

Subsidiarity, solidarity and prioritizing competing use of water

participatory approach in decision making conflicts

Participation of all stakeholders Stable macro- economic environment

 

Area planning and research

Water is a finite and vulnerable resource Cooperation with riparian countries

Inadequate data for research

Use appropriate technologies and practices

International

Sustainable

Management and

Promote

cooperation

development of shared basins

development of internationally shared water basins

international cooperation in the management of shared water resources

Policy measures

Public private partnership Equal gender representation in water resource management issues.

Provide the needed equipment for research into water

Encourage standardization of data collection

URBAN WATER SUPPLY

Focus area

challenges

 

Policy objectives

Policy measures

 

Water sources

Increasing and improving existing water sources.

Well planned and managed water resources.

Conservation and protection of existing water sources.

     

Improving access to water

Rehabilitation and

To improve

Introduction of private

expansion of existing infrastructure. Reducing the high

management and operation. Ensure sustainable

sector participation. Rehabilitation and upgrading of reservoirs

level of physical losses

financing of the infrastructure deficit.

to restore and increase their capacities.

Finance

Reducing the consistent high non- revenue water.

To ensure a financially viable utility and adequate funding level.

Ensure efficient asset management by GWCL.

Paying exchange rate losses in the annual financial statement of GWCL.

 

Ensure the timely payment of water bills by subvented organisations

COMMUNITY WATER AND SANITATION

 

Focus area

Challenges

Policy objectives

 
 

Research and development

The need for clearly defined and adequately funded research strategy.

To promote generation, sharing and utilization of

   

knowledge relevant to CWSA.

 
 

Operation and maintenance

Sustaining operation and maintenance to ensure continued use of facilities.

Promote sustained use of facilities through awareness creation.

 

Monitoring and evaluation

Ensuring compliance by donor-and NGO-assisted project. Strengthening the application of M&E system at DA level.

To provide evidence- based decision making and investment in community water and sanitation services.

Policy measures

Promote coordination and dissemination to stakeholders.

Provide sufficient support to institutions that train pump mechanics. Strengthen DA’s with the required structures and capacity for supporting community with O&M.

Set up M&E coordination group. Support institutional strengthening of national level agencies.

ROLES OF INSTITUTIONS IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION

PRINCIPAL SECTOR INSTITUTIONS

 

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing

Ministries of Local Government and Rural Devt’

 

The Water Resources Commission

 

The Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL)

 

The Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA)

The Ghana Irrigation Development Authority (GIDA)

Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development

The Ministry of Harbours and Railways

 

Ministry of Energy and Petroleum

 

Overall policy formulation, planning, coordination collaboration, monitoring and evaluation of programmes for water supply sanitation

Implementing the Environmental Sanitation Policy

Regulating and management of the water resources and to co-ordinate related government policies

Overall planning, managing and implementation of urban water supply.

External liaison and co-ordination of the National Community Water and Sanitation Programme

Development of water resources for irrigated farming, livestock watering and supports fish culture

Regulates activities for both in-land water and marine fishing

Water transport and navigation and regulates activities within both in-land and coastal territory of Ghana

Regulates the provision of hydro-power including its distribution

ROLES OF INSTITUTIONS IN POLICY IMPLEMENTATION

ALLIED SECTOR INSTITUTIONS

 

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The Water Resources Information Services (WRIS)

Provide data and other water resources related information

The Public Utilities Regulatory Commission

 
   

The role of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

The Ghana Standards Authority

 

Developing and setting quality standards

The Town and Country Planning supports

 

The Ministry of Finance

 

Ministry of Gender, Children and social protection

The Parliamentary Committee on Works and Housing

The Ministry of Health

 

Regulates the standard of services provided by the GWCL (quality of drinking water tariffs)

Protection of water resources and regulation of activities within catchment areas

Supports DAs in physical planning of tow provides layouts of towns

Administers all investments in water including negotiating for grants and loans Implementing the National Gender and Children's policy

Provides legislative oversight of the water sector

Policy formulation and implements its plans and programmes through the Ghana Health Service

RECOMMENDATIONS

Collaboration and sharing of information (Integrated system) Research is required to identify emerging issues Clear boundaries should be set between community water and urban water Community leaders should be involved in setting of the policy Public awareness creation and education Availability of timely and adequate funding Involvement of the lands commission, forestry Commission and minerals commission in the policy

GHANA WATER POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND POLICY ARRANGEMENTS

GHANA WATER POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND POLICY ARRANGEMENTS THANK YOU

THANK YOU