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Life history of the

Holy Prophet (PBUH)

Prophet hood

40 years old
Cave Hira
Jibraeel (AS)
First revelation
5 verses of Surah Al Alaq

Preaching and
difficulties

Began preaching secretly


First among his intimate (close)
friends, then members of his tribe
Thereafter publicly in the city &
its suburbs (residential area
bordering city)

Main articles of Dawah

Towheed
Risalat
Akhirat

Difficulties

Number of his adherents increased


gradually
Opposition also grew intense
Physical torture
Threw on heated sand and kept there
for hours
Imprisoned with chains on their feet
Some of them died of torture

Migration to Abyssinia

Prophet advised to quit their


native town and take refuge
abroad
Dozens of Muslims profited by this
advice

Boycott

No body was to talk them or have


commercial or matrimonial (related to
marriage) relations
This resulted in stark (complete) misery
among the innocent children men and
women ,old sick and feeble (physically or
mentally weak)
Continued for full three years
Four or five non Muslim proclaimed publicly
their denunciation (public condemnation)
The proclamation, hung in kaaba, was found
eaten by white ants

Death of his wife Khadeeja & uncle Abu talib


Taaif
Ascension (miraaj)
Annual pilgrimage of kaaba brought to Maka
people from all parts of Arabia
Group of people from Yathrib accepted Islam
Requested him to provide them with a
missionary teacher
Hazrat Musab
Next year 73 new revert to Islam
Invitation to migrate

622 AD Hijrah
Abyssinia was too far away
Yathrib near to Makkah
Muslims Migrated
Holy Prophet (SAW) migrated
Muslims Calendar Begins

Makkah Period
No apparatus (system) of
Administration
No attempt to acquire that apparatus
Personal reform
Individual Moral deeds, character
Inculcate (impress on somebody's
mind) the unity of Allah
The greatness and love of Allah
Companions of Prophet became
model of self-sacrifice, stoicism
(admirable patience), generosity,
compassion, heroism and good
behavior.

The Prophet (SAW) in


Madina

Muhajirin/ The emigrants


Ansar/ the helpers
Friendship
Brotherhood and treaty of Madina
Problem of rehabilitation of displaced
persons was solved satisfactorily
Aws and Khazraj converted to Islam
Proclamation period divided into two parts
Makkah Period----13 years
Madina Period-----10 Years

1.
2.

Al Madina Period
Pure Islamic State
Remarkable results
Madina became Heaven
Success depends upon two things
The greatness of Allahs message
The loftiness (high) of the prophets
character
The first Islamic state

Messaq-i-Madina
After the Hijrah Muslims faced major problems
1. External Danger---Attack by Quraish of
Makkah
2. Internal danger--- conspiracy of the Jews
against Muslims
3. Jews tried to create conflict between Ansar
and emigrants

Invited the representative of Muslims and


non-Muslims

Defined the duties and rights of citizen

Document known as Messaq-e-Madina/


Charter of Madina

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

7.
8.
9.

Clauses of Charter
The Muslims and Jews become friends
In case of war ---help each other
No protection to the Quraish of Makkah
All minorities have complete religious freedom
The old customs of ransom (money demanded for
releasing captive), and blood money for killing will
remain intact
In case of attack of enemy---both will defend and in
peace the consent (permission) of both will be
required.
Blood shedding will be unlawful
Both will be responsible to help the oppressed
Last but not the least (importantly)---the holy Prophet
SAW will be acknowledged as the sole arbitrator
(judge) in case of any dispute or difference among the
parties.