You are on page 1of 190

International Maritime

Security Network, LLC.


MTSA/ISPS Code
CSO/VSO
Course

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Introduction
Section 1

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Please remember to:


Put cell phones on vibrate
If you need to leave, please do so
quietly
If you are tired please feel free to
stand
Help yourself to coffee and snacks
at any time.
Bathrooms and fire exits are:

Welcome
Please tell us a little about yourself
Where are you from?
What part of the Maritime industry do
you work in?
How long have you been working in
this industry?

What do you hope to get out of this


course?

Course Overview
Provide Knowledge required for both CSO
(Company Security Officer) & VSO (Vessel
Security Officer) to perform their duties in
accordance with;
Amendment to the Annex to the International
Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
(SOLAS), 1974 as amended and;
IMOs (International Maritime Organization)
ISPS Code parts A & B
Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA)
and 33 CFR, Subchapter HMaritime Security

Competencies to be achieved
See Handout (1)
Company Security Officer
Vessel Security Officer

Historical Prospective
Terrorism and the
Maritime Domain

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Why are we here?


TERRORISM

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

The FBI defines terrorism as


The unlawful use of force or
violence against persons or
property to intimidate or coerce a
government, the civilian population,
or any segment thereof, in
furtherance of political or social
objectives.

Maritime Terrorism
Any person or group, acting outside
the jurisdiction of a sovereign state,
for a political motive, who (i)
executes or plots to execute an
attack against a ship, port facility or
offshore facility or (ii) attempts to
further their political motives by
utilizing elements in the maritime
environment to execute an act of
terrorism.

The differences between guerrilla


warfare and terrorism
Defining Terrorism

Guerrilla Warfare

Purposeful targeting of
Military personnel and
installations in order to
achieve a political goal

Revolutionaries

Anarchists

Freedom Fighters

Terrorism

Purposeful targeting of
Civilians in order to achieve a
political goal

USS Cole on 12-Oct-00 was


attacked by 2 suicide bombers.
17 Sailors where killed
39 Sailors where injured
By Al Qaeda

The Seaborne
Spirit
5 Nov - 05

Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)


Muhammad Abu Abbas, Oct 7th, 1985 four
PLF militants seized the Achille-lauro.
These terrorist killed Leon Klinghoffer, an
elderly, wheelchair bound, Jewish man,
and threatened to blow up the ship. All of
this was in effort to negotiate the release
of 50 Palestine prisoners.

The Tamil Tigers


The most powerful Tamil group in Sri Lanka, founded in 1976.
Uses overt and illegal methods to raise funds, acquire weapons,
and publicize its cause of establishing an independent Tamil
state. Began its armed conflict with the Sri Lankan Government
in 1983 and relies on a guerrilla strategy that includes the use of
terrorist tactics.

The Tamil Tigers


The world's largest unregistered navy with approximately 10,000
armed combatants in Sri Lanka; about 3,000 to 6,000 form a
trained cadre of fighters. The LTTE also has a significant overseas
support structure for fundraising, weapons procurement, and
propaganda activities.

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)


Smallest and most radical of the Islamic separatist groups
operating in the southern Philippines. Split from the Moro National
Liberation Front in 1991 under the leadership of Abdurajik
Abubakar Janjalani, who was killed in a clash with Philippine
police on 18 December 1998.

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)


Activities: Uses bombs, assassinations, kidnappings, and
extortion payments to promote an independent Islamic state in
western Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, areas in the
southern Philippines.

The attack of the Limburg


Happened 2002 in Yemen
Attack was done by Al Qaeda
Same type of attack as the Cole

F.A.R.C.
Established in 1964 as a ruralbased, pro-Soviet guerrilla army.
Has been anti-United States since
its inception.
Located in Columba

Attacks of 9-11

Current security
threats & patterns
Whats going on today

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Potential maritime targets


LNG tankers

Nuclear waste carriers

Oil Tankers

Cargo ships

OSC Platforms

Maritime Transportation Threats

Piracy and armed attacks


Terrorism
Contraband smuggling
Stowaways and refugees
Cargo theft
Collateral damage

Piracy
Could it be terrorism?

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Piracy defined:
Shipping robbery on the high seas,
especially the stealing of a ships
cargo
Air the hijacking of an aircraft or
another form of transportation
transport robbery committed on
board any form of transportation,
especially an aircraft.
Murder on the high seas

Piracy is worldwide

One of the worlds hot spots

Straits of Malacca

Piracy

The Straits of Gibraltar

Morocco & Tangiers

Reporting Piracy
The Regional Piracy Centre
Receives and distributes information
Collates and analyzes information and
issues consolidated reporting to relevant
bodies.
Gives guidance on what ship owners and
ships operators can do to
prevent/suppress acts of piracy
Assists owners and crews of ships that
have been attacked
Locates vessels that have been seized by
pirates and recovers stolen cargoes
Check out www.iccwbo.org

The Goals of a Terrorists

Invoke fear and panic


Gain attention both politically and spiritually
Change the world to their religious beliefs
Rid the world of opposing beliefs.
To gain recognition for their cause

Terrorist Patterns
Use military type of development
and deployment:
Terrorist will pick a target to attack that
they feel has a good chance of
success
Reconnaissance of the planned target.
Funding and recruiting.
Planning and testing.
Execution and hopeful success.

Current Security Threats and


Patterns
Example: Osama Bin Laden & AlQaeda used U.S. training, U.S.
people, U.S. equipment & fuel to kill
thousands of people from all over he
world. And as you can see, it
worked well.

Ship & Port operations


and conditions
The Intermodal System

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Intermodal; Door to Door

Intermodal; Door to Door

Most everything in your home came


to your doorstep by way of ship.

Intermodal scenario

Container is loaded in
Taiwan
It has your cargo and the
cargo of 10 others inside
of it.
It is placed on a truck
and sent to a port facility
It is loaded into a ship
Ship crosses ocean and
lands in Long Beach,
California, U.S.A.
It is off loaded and placed
in a holding area

It is then either loaded


onto a railcar or truck
The truck takes the
container to St. Louis
MO. to a distribution
center.
It is opened and your
cargo is placed onto
another smaller truck or
van.
Smaller truck brings it
right to your door.
So many hands and still
so EZ to slip something
through the system

Ship and facility operations


Discussion about various
operations
Your specific operation and the
inherent vulnerabilities
No one knows your operation better
than youuse this knowledge to
carefully evaluate threats and
corrective actions to mitigate them

Maritime Security
Policy
Section 2

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

International conventions, codes,


and recommendations
United Nations (UN)
Located in New York

International Maritime Organization


(IMO)
Branch of the U.N.
Located in London
Giving oversight to SOLAS
Controlling safety and security of the
high seas

International conventions, codes,


and recommendations
Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)
amendments
Chapter V
Reg. 19

Chapter XI
Regs. 3&5

Chapter XI-2
Regs. 1-13

Regulations & Codes


The ISPS Code
Part A
Sec 1 - 19

Part B
Guidance given for Part A

Example of how sections are laid out in both


parts A & B
Part A
1 > 1.2 > 1.2.5

Key words to remember:


Should & Shall are mandatory
May remains may, not absolute

MTSA Regulations
33 CFRNavigation and Navigable
Waters
Parts 101-106 Maritime Security
Part 101General
Part 103--Area Maritime Security
Part104Vessels
Part 105Facilities
Part 106Outer Continental Shelf
(OCS) Facilities

Definitions
SOLAS Chapter XI-2, Reg. 1
ISPS Code A/2 and B/2
33 CFR 101.105

Legal Implications
Action/non-action by security
personnel
33 CFR 101.400-420
ISPS Code A/4, 6
SOLAS Chapter XI-2

Entering foreign jurisdictions


Clear grounds

Legal Implications
Law Enforcement
Vessel, Facility & OCS owners and operators
must permit law enforcement personal, in the
performance of official duties, who show
proper ID to enter/board without delay or
obstruction.
Upon boarding or entering, will as soon as
possible explain their mission to the master,
operator, owner or designated agent.
This is found in 33 CFR 101.515(c)

Handling sensitiverelated information &


communications
SSI

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Sensitive Security Information


Definition49 CFR 1520
ISPS CodeRecords
Documents / Communications

Handling SSI outside U.S.


The provisions in the plan relating to
ISPC Code, section 9.4 sub. sec. .
2, .4, .5, .7, .15, .17 and .18 of this
Part of the Code are considered as
confidential information, and cannot
be subject to inspection unless
otherwise agreed by the Contracting
Governments concerned.
Please turn in your ISPS Code to
9.4 and 9.8.1

Security
Responsibilities
Section 3

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Security Responsibilities

Contracting Governments
Recognized Security Organizations
The Company
The Ship
The Facility
Vessel Security Officer
Company Security Officer
Facility Security Officer
Vessel and Facility personnel with specific
security duties
All other personnel

Contracting Governments
Specific Responsibilities
ISPS Code A/4, B/1.6-1.8, B/4
SOLAS , Chapter XI-2, Reg. 3
33 CFR, Part 101, 102
U.S. Coast Guard
Captain of the Port (COTP)
Federal Maritime Security Coordinator
(FMSC)
Area Maritime Security (AMS)

Recognized Security
Organizations
Specific Responsibilities
ISPS Code B/4.3-4.6

USCG is the RSO in U.S.No


other entities or companies
designated at this time.

The Company
The Company shall ensure that the
VSP contains a clear statement
emphasizing the masters authority
The Company shall designate a
CSO and a VSO and ensure they
are given the necessary support to
fulfill their duties and responsibilities
33 CFR 104.200-205

The Vessel
The Vessel shall comply with the
requirements of the VSP as per the
security level setISPS Part A/7.1
Compliance documentation
33 CFR 104.120

The Facility
The facility shall comply with the
relevant requirements of Chapter
XI-2 of SOLAS and the ISPS Code
ISPS Code Part A/14.1
Compliance documentation
33 CFR 105.105-150
Security Requirements
33 CFR 105.200

Security Personnel

Vessel Security Officer


Company Security Officer
Facility Security Officer
Vessel personnel with specific
security duties
Facility personnel with specific
security duties
All other personnel

Vessel Security
Assessment
Section 4

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Vessel Security Assessment


A written document that is based on the
collection of background information and
the completion and analysis of an onscene surveysee 33 CFR
104.305a,b, and c
Essential & integral part of developing
the Vessel Security Plan
Must be carried out by person(s) with
appropriate skills/knowledge as identified
in 33 CFR 104.300d

On-Scene Survey
Vessel owner/operator must ensure
that an on-scene survey is
conducted for each vessel
Verify and collect background
information
Examines and evaluates existing
vessel protective measures,
procedures, and operations

On-scene Survey
On Scene Survey
Supervising the handling of cargo and the
delivery of ships stores; and
Ensuring that vessel security
communication, information, and
equipment are readily available.
Using the ships GAs to do the OSS
should be done to make sure that parts of
the vessel have not been changed and
door ways turned into bulk heads.

Analysis and recommendations


Analyzing background information,
the on-scene survey, and other
requirements of this part to provide
recommendations for the security
measures the vessel should include
in the VSPsee 33 CFR
104.305c
Threat analysis (documentation)

Threat Assessment Methodology


Reference NVIC 10-02 (hand-out)
Select a scenario
Use the information that you have
compiled in the 1st phase of your
assessment
Things to consider:
Your type of vessel
Your cargo
Your crew
Your route

Threat Assessment Methodology


The evolution of Assessment process

Table 1 scenario selections

Score consequence as it relates


to your vessel
Note the fact that the consequence
score will not change.
You need to look at the big picture
and understand where your
consequence truly scores.
Explanation:
Impact of 9-11
Lose of life
Ecological damage

Table 2

Table 3

Table 4

Computing the scores


Go to table 5 work sheet
First, plug in the Consequence score
Then, add both of the Accessibility
scores together
Take the Consequence score and the
total Accessibility score and run them
through the Threat Matrix.
Find out what vulnerabilities you have to
Mitigate, Consider, or Document.

Table 5

Mitigation definitions
Mitigate:
Mitigation strategies, such as security
protective measures and/or procedures,
may be developed to reduce risk for that
scenario. An appendix to the VSP may
contain the scenario(s) evaluated, the
results of the evaluation, a description of
the mitigation measures evaluated, and
the reason mitigation measures were or
were not chosen.

Mitigation definitions
Consider:
The scenario should be considered
and mitigation strategies should be
developed on a case-by-case basis.
The VSP may contain the
scenario(s) evaluated, the results of
the evaluation, and the reason
mitigation measures were or were
not chosen.

Mitigation definitions
Document:
The scenario may not need a mitigation
measure at this time and therefore needs
only to be documented. However,
mitigation measures having little cost
may still merit consideration. The
security plan may contain the scenario
evaluated and the results. This will be
beneficial in further revisions of the VSP,
to know if the underlying assumptions
have changed since the last edition of
the security assessment.

Security Assessment
Documentation
Use of Assessment checklists
NVIC 10-02
VSA Reportsee 33 CFR
104.305(d)

Security Equipment
Section 5

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Security Equipment
Personal Identification (ID Badges)
Laminated or secured against tampering
Contain:
Individuals full 1st name and last names with
middle initial
An accurate passport type photo that is
current
Bear the name of the issuing authority
A government authority or organization
The persons employer, union or trade
association must also be on the card
Watermark

Security Equipment
ID scanners

Security Equipment
Key pad entries

Security Equipment
Screening equipment
Hand Held
Scanners

Body
Scanner

Shoe scanner

Letter scanner

Security Equipment
Use of dogs not only works, but is a good deterrent
to the would-be attackers that might be doing
reconnaissance

Security Equipment
Adequate lighting
is one of the best
ways to put up the
air of security.
Remember that
bad guys dont like
light
Also a very good
counter swimmer
device.

Security Equipment
Good fencing and gates

Security Equipment
Waterside Perimeter
security

Security Equipment

Testing, Calibration,
and Maintenance
It is the duty of the VSO to ensure that the
security equipment is properly working,
operated, tested, maintained, and calibrated
Records of all maintenance, calibration and
testing of security equipment
See 33 CFR 104.235(b)(5)
This record must be protected from
unauthorized access or disclosure
These records must be keep for a minimum of 2
years and must be made available to the USCG
upon request

Vessel Security Plan


VSP
Section 6

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Purpose of the VSP


Address each vulnerability identified
in the VSA (VSAR)
Describe security measures for
each MARSEC Level
Each vessel must have a VSP
approved by the USCG (MSC)
See 33 CFR 104.400

Contents of the VSP


General Sections of VSP are listed
in 33 CFR 104.405
Specific details of content that must
be included in all Sections, is listed
in 33 CFR 104, Subpart B,
104.200-104.297, as applicable
SSAS plan for SOLAS vessels

Confidentiality Issues
The VSP must be protected from
unauthorized access or disclosure!
The VSP shall be considered Sensitive
Security Information (SSI) and must
conform to the handling requirements
identified in NVIC 10-04
Contents of VSP are generally not
subject to inspection by Port State
Control (SOLAS vesselsISPS A/9.8.1)

Development of the VSP


The CSO is responsible for
ensuring that the VSP is prepared
and submitted for approval
Security measured identified in the
VSP must be in place by the time
the plan is audited by the USCG
(local COTP)

Development of the VSP


Discussion and Review
Of VSP Development
33 CFR 104.405(b)
33 CFR 104.200-104.297

Approval of the VSP


The VSP must be written in English and
submitted to MSC for approval
3 Stages of Approval:
General compliance of all main
Sections
Compliance with detailed requirements
of all Sections
Congruent with area Port Security
Plan and practical for nature of vessel
See 33 CFR 104.410

Implementation of the VSP


Ensure ALL personnel receive
appropriate training and regular drills and
exercises
Ensure coordination of security issues
takes place between facilities and vessels
Ensure security communications are
readily available and that security
systems and equipment are installed and
maintained
See 33 CFR 104.200additional
issues

Maintenance and Amendment of


the VSP

Amendments to the VSP


Records and Documentation
Annual Audit reviews
See 33 CFR 104.415

Threat Identification,
Recognition, and
Response
Section 7

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Recognition and detection of


weapons, dangerous
substances and devices
Weapon Identification

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Beretta 9mm
9mm, Semi, Magazine Fed, Recoil
Operated

Colt 1911
.45 Cal, Semi, Magazine Fed,
Recoil Operated

MP 5
9 MM, Semi & Auto, Gas operated,
Mag Fed,

M 4 Carbine
5.56 MM, Mag Fed, Gas Operated,

AK 47
7.62 MM, Semi and Auto, Mag Fed,
Gas Operated

AK 47

P 90
5.56 MM,

Uzi

PM

PM

Russian AK design, assassin's


Weapon

Note easy way it breaks down

Can you tell the real one?

Real

Air Soft

Can you tell the real one?

Real

Air Soft

Can you tell the real one?

Air Soft

Real

Can you tell the real one?

Real
Air Soft

Can you tell the real one?

Air Soft

Real

The right answer is that they are


ALL real in the dark!

Ammunitions

Chemical Bomb
Chemical bomb

IEDs

Mail bombs
Suspicious Mail
Hard or ridged
Oily marks on the
outside
The feel of wires
Lots of postage
Directed to a
specific person

Methods of physical
searches and nonintrusive inspections
Practical Exercise

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Methods of Physical
Screening and Inspections

Methods of Physical
Screening and Inspections

Implementing and
coordinating searches

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Implementation and
Coordinating Searches
Planning and practicing searches
Check-card system
Necessary equipment

flashlights and batteries;


screwdrivers, wrenches and crowbars;
mirrors and probes;
gloves, hard hats, overalls and non-slip footwear;
plastic bags and envelopes for collection of evidence;
forms on which to record activities and discoveries

Implementation and
Coordinating Searches
Systematic search procedures
Search teams
Dividing rooms/spaces into sections
Focused attention and clearing areas

Crew members and facility personnel


should not be allowed to search their own
areas in recognition of the possibility that
they may have concealed packages or
devices in their own work or personal
areas
Known areas for concealment
(See Handout)

Implementation and
Coordinating Searches
Room searching
There is a system: from the center up 90 degrees
and then up another 90 degrees

2 man teams ALWAYS


At HQ keep track of clear areas

Recognition of persons
posing potential
security risks
Non-discriminatory basis

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Characteristics and behavioral


patterns
The Secret Service believes that inquiry
should focus on an individuals behaviors
and communications to determine if the
individual appears to be planning or
preparing for an attack. Behavior, bodylanguage and communication are more
effective indicators to measure an
aggressors escalation.

Characteristics and behavioral


patterns
The U.S. Secret Service reports that the
use of profiles, particularly racial or
ethnic profiles, is not effective either for
identifying individuals who may pose a
risk for targeted violence or once an
individual has been identified for
assessing the risk that a particular
individual may pose for targeted
violence.

Characteristics and behavioral


patterns
Profiling:
Ethnic back ground
Religion
Dress
Actions
Accents
Beliefs
Political following

Characteristics and behavioral


patterns
Profiling: the facts
You cannot tell by any means who might be a
terrorist
In the Maritime Security field any person coming
onto your vessel could posse a threat
Visitors
Check IDs for fakes
Venders
Dont assume they have not been approached
Persons taking pictures of vessel or facility
Note that the U.S. 33-CFR doesnt refer to nondiscriminatory bases

Characteristics and behavioral


patterns
Security personnel should understand
and react to persons exhibiting unsafe
appearance or behavior. Cues to unsafe
appearance:
Inappropriate clothing for weather
Conscious and unconscious re-adjusting of
clothing
Suspicious bulges in clothing
Unconscious checking for weapon

Suspicious persons/activities

(hand-out)

Techniques used to
circumvent security
measures

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Techniques Used to Circumvent


Security Measures

In 2005, Al-Qaida trained over


200 divers. These are 2 that
where caught in the Philippines

Techniques Used to Circumvent


Security Measures

Disabling alarm systems


Lock picking equipment
Glass cutting equipment
Wire / Bolt cutters
Fake ID badges / uniforms
CCTV disabling spray
Computer hacking

Crowd Management & Control


VSOs, FSOs and CSOs may find
themselves conducting crowd control in
very difficult situations. They may discover
that some groups will not accept them.
They may have to impose order in their
area of jurisdiction to protect employees,
passengers and the general public.
Moreover, they will be under intense
media and political scrutiny. Enlightened
command and control techniques help to
make decision-making more effective in
an emergent crowd control situation.

Crowd Management & Control


Scenarios that may require Crowd
Control
Sporting/Social Events
Demonstrations
Humanitarian/Environmental
Protests
Loading/Unloading of passengers
Civil War/Unrest

Crowd Management & Control


Contributing Factors
Alcohol
Drug Abuse
Fear
Hooliganism
Poor Administration/Management
Employee/Union Disputes

Crowd Management & Control


Important questions are as follows:
Who are they? What is the overarching identity of the
crowd?
What are their goals?
What is the composition of the crowd and are there
any known factions?
What are they capable of doing?
What are their traditional behaviors or cultural
repertoires?
When and where will they assemble?
Where will they go?
What are the possible targets of violence?
What is the worst case scenario?
When and where will they disperse?
Are there plans for subsequent gatherings?

Crowd Management & Control


For vessels and facilities, planning
must include:
Organizing emergency procedures
Optimizing the use of resources
Controlling the response to emergencies by
identifying, prioritizing and controlling the
most critical threats.
Controlling crew, passengers and other
personnel during emergency situations
Establishing and maintaining effective
communications

Crowd Management & Control


Training programs should be designed by
to train crewmembers and security
personnel in:

Vessel layout and familiarization


Location of safety and emergency equipment
Location of emergency exits
Use of personal lifesaving appliances
Compliance of the ships safety and
emergency procedures
Crowd management and communications
during an emergency situation

Crowd Management & Control


Control and Management
Inner, Intermediate, and outer
cordons
Enforcing cordons

Access Control measures


Manned Checkpoints
Natural/Physical barriers
Tapes funneling persons

Monitoring/Communication
Equipment
Signage

Ship Security Actions


Section 8

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Security levelsrequired actions


The Commandant of the USCG will
set the MARSEC level consistent
with the Homeland Security
Advisory System (HSAS)

Homeland Security
Advisory System

Maritime Security Level

LOW
GUARDED

MARSEC LEVEL 1

ELEVATED
HIGH

MARSEC LEVEL 2

SEVERE

MARSEC LEVEL 3

Security levelsrequired actions


MARSEC Level 1
The level for which
minimum Appropriate
protective security
measures shall be
maintained at all times

MARSEC Level 2
Means the level for
which appropriate
additional protective
security measures
shall be maintained for
a period of time as
result of heightened
risk of a transportation
security

MARSEC Level 3
Means the level for
which further specific
protective security
measures shall be
maintained for a
limited period of time
when a transportation
security incident is
probable or imminent,
although it may not be
possible to identify the
specific target.

Security levelsrequired actions


If a higher MARSEC Level is set for the COTP
zone in which the vessel is located or are about
to enter, they will comply, without undue delay,
with all measures specified in the VSP for
compliance with that higher MARSEC Level;
The COTP is notified as required by 33 CFR
101.300(c) when compliance with the higher
MARSEC Level has been implemented; and
For vessels in port that compliance with the
higher MARSEC Level has taken place within
12 Hours of notification; and

Security levelsrequired actions


For MARSEC Levels 2 and 3, the VSO will
implement additional security measures and notify
all personnel of the change in Security Level,
identified threats, and emphasize reporting
procedures and stress the need for increased
vigilance;
For MARSEC Level 3, the VSO will implement
further additional security measures as directed in
this Vessel Security Plan (pursuant to 33 CFR part
6, 160, or 165) or as directed by the COPT, such
as arrangements to ensure that the vessel can be
towed or moved if deemed necessary by the
Coast Guard;
Non-compliance issues must be reported
immediately.

Security levelsadditional issues


Unless otherwise directed each port,
vessel, and facility shall operate at
MARSEC Level 1;
The COTP may temporarily raise the
MARSEC Level for the port, a specific
marine operation within the port or a
specific industry within the port when
necessary to address exigent
circumstances

Maintaining Security of the


Vessel/Facility Interface
Definition of Interface (33 CFR
101.105)
Security Measures during interfaces
effected by MARSEC Levels
Coordination of duties between
CSO, VSO, and FSO
Review of VSP and FSP

Declaration of Security (DoS)


Definition of Declaration of Security (33
CFR 101.105)
Contracting governments determine
when a DoS shall be completed
Determined by type of vessel and current
MARSEC Level
Continuing DoSs
COTP request at any time

Master, VSO, or designated


representative must complete it

Declaration of Security (DoS)


May be requested by vessel
when:
Vessel is at higher MARSEC Level;
Agreements between Contracting
Governments for certain vessels or
voyages;
Security threat or incident
Interfacing facility is not required to
have an approved FSP
Interfacing vessel is not required to
have an approved VSP

Implementation of Security
Measures
Security Measures to be taken at
all three MARSEC Levels

Performance of all vessel security duties


Access Control
Restricted Areas
Handling Cargo
Delivering vessel stores and bunkers
Monitoring and Communication
Additional measures for cruise ships,
passenger vessels, and ferries

Implementation of Security
Measures
Putting it all into actionan
ongoing process
Defined security duties and
responsibilities
Training, Drills, and Exercises
Security Challenges
Regular communication of security
procedures, threats, and concerns

Emergency
Preparedness, Drills &
Exercises
Section 9

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Contingency Planning
Contingency plans are based on any
security incident the vessel may
encounter and are guidelines for the
VSO to follow. Each security incident
will merit its own evaluation, and the
procedures and measures used will be
based on several factors that only the
VSO can decide at the time of the
security incident. Any such actions
taken shall always consider the safety
of the crew, passengers, and vessel as
priority.

Contingency Planning
Action to take in the event of a
security incident
All vessel personnel are familiar with the
various types of security incidents through
security training provided by the company, to
include the appropriate communication lines of
reporting;
Any personnel having knowledge of or
witnessing a security incident, of any degree,
will immediately notify the VSO or Master with
particulars;
The VSO will notify, without delay, the CSO,
National Response Center (NRC) and the local
COTP, and take instructions as are available for
responding to a given security incident;

Contingency Planning
Action to take in the event of a
security incident (cont.)
The VSO will ensure communication lines are
maintained with the above entities and any other
agencies involved in responding to a security incident;
Pilot House will immediately be secured;
The VSO will convene a meeting and brief personnel;
The VSO will sound alarms as appropriate, to include
the SSAS, depending on the immediacy and severity
of the incident.
Implement measures for various contingency plans,
as appropriate;
Prepare to evacuate all personnel and visitors from
the vessel.

Contingency Planning
Emergency Contact Information for
the following incidents:
Notification of suspicious activities,
persons, or packages;
Notification of breaches of security;
Notification of transportation security
incident (TSI)
(See enclosed contact information)

Contingency Planning
Hijacking
Bomb Threat
Unidentified objects / explosives on
vessel, in baggage, stores, or persons
Damage to / destruction of port facility
Piracy and other hostile boarding
Stowaways
Searching vessel

Security Drills and Exercises


Must test proficiency of vessel personal
in assigned security duties at all
MARSEC Levels.
Implementation of security measures due
to a raise in MARSEC Level can be listed
as a drill if the report is sent to the COTP.
Will enable the VSO to Identify any
related security deficiencies that need to
be addressed.

Security Drills and Exercises


Drills
Must be conducted every 3 months, except
when the vessel is out of service due to
repairs.
Must be repeated when crew change is 25%
or greater (within one week).
Must test individual elements of the VSP
Each drill must be recorded.
These reports will be reviewed by the USCG
upon inspections, and must have the date,
description of drill, participants, lessons
learned which may improve the VSP.

Security Drills and Exercises


Example of Drills
Screening (reactive or preventative) of the
vessel, persons, baggage and vehicles
Unauthorized entry to restricted areas
Response to alarms
Communications
Notification to law enforcement authorities

Security Drills and Exercises


Exercises
Conducted at least once each calendar year, with no
more than 18 months between exercises
Full scale or live;
Tabletop simulation or seminar format;
Combined with other appropriate exercises; or
Combined with elements of the above mentioned
exercises.
Vessel-specific or may be part of a cooperative
exercise
Tests communication and notification procedures, and
elements of coordination, resource availability, and
response.

Security Drills and Exercises


Exercises are a full test of the security program
and include the substantial and active
participation of relevant company and ship
security personnel, and include facility security
personnel and government authorities depending
on the scope and the nature of the exercises.
A vessel while along side or moored at a facility it
may participate in the Facilitys scheduled drill.

Assessment of
Security Drills and Exercises
Assessments of drills and exercises
helps to identify areas of proficiency
as well as areas of weakness.
Review lessons learned with
personnel participating.
Documentation

Third-Party Due Diligence


VSP reviews and
audits
Hard Security
testing
Crew Trainings

Coordinating Drill / Exercises


With Response Agencies
Local COTP
Bomb Squad
Contracted security and local law
enforcement
Emergency medical
Port facility

Mock Drill and Evaluation

(Screening and Searching)

Security Challenges
Access to the vessel
Access within the vessel to
Restricted Areas
3rd party due diligence
Helps minimize or eliminate fines or
penalties for non-compliance

Security Administration
Section 10

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Documentation and Records


The VSO must retain all necessary
security records for at least two years
and make them available to the Coast
Guard upon request. These records may
be kept in electronic format, and if so
must be protected against unauthorized
deletion, destruction, or amendment.
Security-related records will also be kept
and protected by the VSO from
unauthorized access or disclosure.

Documentation and Records


Security Records see handout
International Ship Security
Certificate (ISSC) Held onboard
and valid for 5 years
Continuous Synopsis Record
SOLAS Chapter XI-1, Regulation 5

Reporting Security Incidents


Notification of suspicious activities,
persons, or packages
Notification of breaches of security
Notification of transportation security
incident (TSI)
NOTE: Callers to the NRC should be prepared to provide
the following information:
Their own name and contact information;
The name and contact information of the suspicious or
responsible party;
The location of the incident as specifically as possible;
and
The description of the incident or activity involved.

Monitoring and Control


Proper administration of the VSP by
the VSO and CSO
Security Inspections and audits
Records and documentation
Amendments to plan

Security Audits and


Inspections
The CSO or VSO must ensure an
audit of the VSP is performed
annually, beginning no later than
one year from the initial date of
approval, and attach a letter to the
VSP certifying that the VSP meets
the applicable requirements.

Security Audits and


Inspections
Unless impracticable due to the size
and nature of the company or vessel,
personnel conducting internal audits of
the security measures specified in the
VSP or evaluating its implementation
must:
Have knowledge of methods for
conducting audits and inspections, and
security, control, and monitoring
techniques;
Not have regularly assigned security
duties;
Be independent of any security measures
being implemented.

Reporting Nonconformities
Change in the companys or vessels
ownership or operator
Modifications to the vessel, including
but not limited to physical structure,
emergency response procedures,
security measures, or operations
Require amendments of either the
VSA or VSP must be submitted to the
MSC for review and approval no later
than 30 days after completion of the
audit and a letter certifying that the
amended VSP meets the applicable
requirements.

Security Training
Section 11

International Maritime Security Network, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Training Requirements

Company Security Officer


Vessel Security Officer
Personnel with Security Duties
All Other Personnel
(33 CFR 104.210, 215, 220, 225)

Instructional Techniques
Instructional
The CSO & VSO must train persons
with and with out security duties.
The method of teaching must take
into account social / cultural
background of trainees
It is important to explain, show, and
review every topic that you teach to
ensure the student fully understands
Lecture / Slide Shows
Handouts / Quizs
Group Discussions

Instructional Techniques
Practical / Hands-on
Scenario-based training and case
studies
Build scenarios with your students.
This will help keep them always
thinking about security
Screening and Searching
Vessels, Persons, Baggage and stores
Buildings, rooms
Other unique areas