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VOCABULARY

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VOCABULARY

TYPES
Oral Vocabulary
Print Vocabulary
Receptive Vocabulary
Productive Vocabulary
Passive Vocabulary
Active Vocabulary

Four Principles of Vocabulary


Learning/Instruction.
Students need to be active in developing their

understanding of words and ways to learn


them.
Students should personalize word learning.
Students should be immersed in words.
Student should build on multiple sources of
information to learn words through repeated
exposures.

Examples of discussion activities


Compare descriptions or definitions with a

partner
Describe pictures to a partner or within a small
group
Construct example situation with a partner.

Truth of the language


People learn languages with words and words

come to us frome various sources


Listening (Listen as often as you can.)
Reading (While reading note difficult words.)
Watching (Watch phonetics of native speaker.)
Thinking (Very important.)

Role of context
Directive Context

Gives clues, hints, synonyms to determine


approximate word meaning in the context.
Non-Directional Context
Mentions the word without giving any clues
to determine word meaning.
Mis-Directive Context
Gives clues that lead readers to false word
meaning contruction.

Importance of
vocabulary
An extensive vocabulary aids expressions and

communication.
Vocabulary size has been directly linked to
reading comprehension.
Linguistic vocabulary is synonymous with
thinking vocabulary
Wilkins (1972) once said without grammer
very little can be conveyed, without
vocabulary nothing can be conveyed.

This point reflects my experience with different

languages; even without grammar, with some


useful words and expressions, I can often
manage to communicate.
Students often instinctively recognize the
importance of vocabulary to their language
learning.

Particularly as students develop greater


fluency and expression in English, it is
significant for them to acquire more
productive vocabulary knowledge and to
develop their own personal vocabulary
learning strategies

As Schmitt (2010) noted, learners carry

around dictionaries and not grammar


books .
Teaching vocabulary helps students
understand and communicate with others
in English.
Voltaire purportedly said, Language is
very difficult to put into words. I believe
English language students generally would
concur, yet learning vocabulary also helps
students master English for theirpurposes.

Examples of Activities

Vocabulary Building
Analogies
Highlighting prefixes and suffixes
Idetify synonums and antonyms
Venn diagrams or other organizers
Revise their own definitions as their

understandings increases.

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