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Lithium / Iron

disulfide (Li/FeS2)
Batteries
BY : MALDONADO NOGALES PAUL

(FeS)

(FeS2)

Both the monosulfide


and the disulfide
forms,
has been considered for use in solid-cathode lithium batteries.

- Higher sulfur
content
- Higher
voltage.

Button-type Li/FeS2 batteries


were manufactured
As

a replacement for zinc / silver oxide


batteries but are no longer marketed.

They

had a higher impedance

slightly

lower power capability but were lower

in cost
better

low-temperature performance and


storability. than the zinc /alkaline-manganese dioxide
batteries.

The performance of these two systems on


constant-current discharge at various discharge
rates, in the AA size, is compared

Discharge rate vs. capacity of Li /FeS2 and Zn/ alkaline /MnO2 AA-size batteries
at

Chemistry?

Intermediate species are formed during the


discharge, but they have not been fully
characterized.
They are dependent on many variables, including
discharge rate and temperature.
Handbook of batteries third edition David Linden, Thomas B. Reddy 2002

A Stabilized PAN-FeS2 Cathode with an EC-DEC Liquid Electrolyte, Seul


National University, University of Colorado 2013
Seoung-Bum Son, Thomas A. Yersak, Daniela Molina Piper,
Seul Cham Kim, Chan Soon Kang, Jong Soo Cho, Soon-Sung
Suh, Young-Ugk Kim, Kyu Hwan Oh,* and Se-Hee Lee*

FeS2 microspheres with an ether-based electrolyte for highperformance rechargeable lithium batteries, Nankai University, China
2015
Zhe Hu,a Kai Zhang,a Zhiqiang Zhu,a Zhanliang Taoa and Jun Chen

Performance

Voltage.

On-load voltage
of Li /FeS2 AA-size
cells

Discharge. Li/FeS2 batteries typically have a higher operating


voltage and a flatter discharge profile than aqueous zinc/ alkaline
manganese dioxide 1.5-V batteries.

Operating Temperature. Li/FeS2 batteries are also suitable for


use over a broad temperature range, generally 40 to 60C.

Efficiency

%
Self-discharge
Thermal loss
Cheap
Nontoxicity
Cost
effectiveness

Nanoestructuring
Improving

the capacity and rate


capability of electrode
materials of electrode

Increasing

electrode/electrolyte
contact area.

electrolyte

Pyrite

FeS2 as a classical cathode


material creates a great value in
commercial primary lithium batteries by
Energizer Company, mainly because of
the cheap materials, abundant
resources, and the capability of electron
transfer
Pyrite FeS2 microspheres wrapped by reduced graphene oxide as highperformance lithium-ion battery anodes 2015, City University of Hong Kong

Pyrite

FeS2 as a classical cathode


material creates a great value in
commercial primary lithium batteries by
Energizer Company, mainly because of
the cheap materials, abundant
resources, and the capability of
electron transfer
Pyrite FeS2 microspheres wrapped by reduced graphene oxide as highperformance lithium-ion battery anodes 2015, City University of Hong Kong

Support Material

The redox mechanism of FeS2 in non-aqueous electrolytes


for lithium and sodium batteries, Sheng S. Zhang, 2015, US
army research laboratory

Electrochemical verification of the redox mechanism of


FeS2 in a rechargeable lithium battery, Sheng S. Zhang, Dat
T. Tran, 2015, US army research laboratory

Electrochemical characteristics of room temperature


Li/FeS2 batteries with natural pyrite cathode, Jae-Won Choia,
Gouri Cheruvallya, Hyo-Jun Ahnb, Ki-Won Kimb, Jou-Hyeon Ahna,
2006, Gyeonsang National University

Pyrite FeS2 microspheres wrapped by reduced graphene oxide


as high-performance lithium-ion battery anodes Hongtao Xue,abc
Denis Y. W. Yu,ad Jian Qing,ab Xia Yang,ab Jun Xu,ab Zhangpeng Li,ab
Mingliang Sun,ab Wenpei Kang,ab Yongbing Tang*abe and Chun-Sing Lee,
2015, City University of Hong Kong

High-purity iron pyrite (FeS2) nanowires as high-capacity


nanostructured cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. Li Li, CabnAcevedo M, Girard SN, Jin S, 2013, University of Wisconsin-Madison

FeS2 microspheres with an ether-based electrolyte for highperformance rechargeable lithium batteries, Zhe Hu,a Kai Zhang,a
Zhiqiang Zhu,a Zhanliang Taoa and Jun Chen, 2015, Nankai University

A Stabilized PAN-FeS2 Cathode with an EC/DEC Liquid Electrolyte


Seoung-Bum Son, Thomas A. Yersak, Daniela Molina Piper, Seul Cham Kim, Chan
Soon Kang, Jong Soo Cho, Soon-Sung Suh, Young-Ugk Kim, Kyu Hwan Oh, Se-Hee
Lee, 2013, Seul National University, University of Colorado at Bounder

A novel FeS2/CNT micro-spherical cathode material with enhanced


electrochemical characteristics for lithium-ion batteries , Ling Liua,
Zhongzhi Yuana, Caixia Qiua, Jincheng Liub, 2013, South China University.

Perfect reversibility of the lithium insertion in FeS2: The combined


effects of all-solid-state and thin film cell configurations V. Pela, b,
c, F. Flamarya, b, c, L. Bourgeoisd, B. Pecquenarda, F. Le Crasb, c, 2014,
University of Bordeaux

FeS2/C composite as an anode for lithium ion batteries


with enhanced reversible capacity, D. Zhanga, Y.J. Maia, J.Y.
Xiangb, X.H. Xiaa, Y.Q. Qiaoa, J.P. Tua, 2012, Zhejiang University

Handbook of battery materials, 2nd Ed. Claus Daniel, Jurgen


O. Besenhard, 2012

Handbook of batteries third edition David Linden, Thomas B.


Reddy 2002