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TECHNICAL CASE STUDY

ON TITANIC SHIP SINK


FORENSIC METALLURGY

Presented by
GROUP IV

P.Lakshmi kruthiga
P.Kousalya
Mohanram
Mahesh
Mohammed hameeth

15Y208
15Y108
15Y110
15Y109
15Y209

THE TITANIC

A CASE STUDY

CONTENT

Engineering and management flaws


Material failure
Structural failure
Design
Ethical issues
Conclusion

The Royal Mail Ship TITANIC

Did a METALLURGICAL FAILURE cause


a night to remember??

ABSTRACT
THE TITANIC

THE VOYAGE
The Titanic began its maiden voyage to New
York just before noon on April 10, 1912, from
Southampton, England.
Two days later at 11:40 P.M, it struck an iceberg
that was three to six times larger than its own
mass, damaging the hull.
So that the six forward compartments were
ruptured
The flooding of these compartments was
sufficient to cause the ship to sink within two
hours and 40 minutes.

The engineering and managing


flaws

WHOSE FAULT WAS


IT?

This was Captain E.J.


Smith's retirement
trip. All he had to do
was get to New York in
record time. Captain
E.J. Smith said years
before the Titanic's
voyage, "I cannot
imagine any condition
which would cause a
ship to founder.
Modern shipbuilding
has gone beyond that.

Thomas
Andrews'
(The designer)
fault
The belief that the ship was unsinkable was,
in part, due to the fact that the Titanic had
sixteen watertight compartments. However,
the compartments did not reach as high as
they should have done. The White Star Line
did not want them to go all the way up
because this would have reduced living
space in first class. If Mr Andrews, the ship's
architect, had insisted on making them the
correct height then maybe the NO. of
victims could have been reduced.

STRUCTURAL
FAILURE

THE DESIGN
One of Titanics greatest innovations
was the placement of fifteen
watertight bulkheads (with
electrically operated watertight
doors) that extended from the ships
double bottom through four or five of
her nine decks and were said to
make the ship UNSINKABLE

WHAT WENT WRONG??


The only flaw in the design is the
sixteen compartments did not reach
as high as they should have done.
The White Star Line did not want
them to go all the way up because
this would have reduced living space
in first class.

ETHICAL ISSUES

LEADERSHIP IS ALWAYS
RESPONSIBLE
This was captain E.J. Smiths retirement
trip. He was headed for the easy life.
All he had to do was get to New York. No
one is sure why he ignored seven iceberg
warnings from his crew and other ships
( the Californians Cyril Evans).
Responsibility cant be delegated.
Leadership is responsible for everything
the organization does or fails to do.

CATEGO NUM
BER
R-Y

NUM PERCENT
BER
GE SAVED
ABOA SAVE
RD
D

FIRST 32
CLASS 5

20 62.2%
2

28
5

11 41.4%
8

70
6

17 25.2%
8

CREW 90

21 23.3%
2

SECO
ND
CLASS
THIRD
CLASS

IT WAS SHIP BUILDERS


FAULT
About three million rivets were used to hold
the sections of the Titanic together. Some
rivets have been recovered from the wreck and
analysed. The findings show that they were
made of sub- standard iron.
When the ship hit the iceberg, the force of the
impact caused the heads of the rivets to break
and the sections of the Titanic to come apart.
If good quality iron rivets had been used the
sections may have stayed together and the
ship may not have sunk.

ETHICAL QUESTIONS
How life of more peoples could have
saved?
What decision Captain Smith could
have made , when ship was receiving
uncommon warnings?
Why ship was moving with 22 knots
speed when design speed was 21
knots?

THE LIVES OF THE SISTER SHIPS


The RMS Olympic made more than 500 round
trips between Southampton and New York before
it was retired in 1935 and was finally broken up in
1937. In 1919, it became the first large ship to be
converted from coal to oil. On May 15, 1934, as
the Olympic approached New York, it struck the
Nantucket light ship during a heavy fog, cutting it
in half. Of the crew, four were drowned, three
were fatally injured.
The third ship of the series, the Britannic, had a
short life. While it was being constructed, the
Titanic was sunk. Immediately, the design was
changed to provide a double hull and the
bulkheads were extended to the upper deck.
Before the Britannic was completed, World War I
broke out, and the vessel was converted into a
hospital ship. On November 21, 1916, it was

WHAT COULD HAVE


HAPPENED IF THESE FLAWS
WERE RECTIFIED BEFORE
THE VOYAGE..

POSSIBILITIES
1153 members would not have died
Awareness about ship safety measurements
would not have been spread among people
The Titanic would have served her
passengers for 20 more years.
The Titanic movie wouldnt have been made.

THANK YOU
FOR YOUR PATIENCE.