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Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice


Multiple Choice Questions
1. Scientists should practice such attitudes
during observations
I think rationally
II clean and hygienic throughout the
experiment
III complete the experiment in a short period
of time
IV thankful to God
A I, II and III only
B II, III and IV only

C I, III and IV only


D I, II and IV only

2. How is a hypothesis tested in a scientific


investigation?
A By carrying out an experiment
B By making an inference
C By reading the report
D By identifying the problem

3. Which of the following is not a scientific


method?
A Collecting data
C Making a hypothesis
B Scientific attitudes D Writing the report
4. Experiments and observations that
consistently supports the hypotheses are
known as
A theory
C germination
B principle
D conclusion
5. What is the meaning of responding variable?
A The variable that changes in response to
the manipulated variable
B The variable that is kept constant or
unchanged
C The variable that is changed to see its
effect
D The variable that weight influence an
investigation
1

Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice


W
X
Y
Z

:
:
:
:

Controlling the variables


Conducting the experiment
Analyzing and interpreting data
Planning the investigation

6. Arrange the following steps of scientific


investigation in a correct order
A W, Z, Y, X
C X, Y, Z, W
B Z, W, Y, X
D Z, W, X, Y
7. Which of the following in not involved in
planning the investigation?
A Determine the apparatus that are required
B Determine the fixed variables
C Determine the material that are needed
D Determine the method of data collection

A Interest
B Honestly
9.

C Diligence
D Lazy

Scientific investigation method is a method


that is extremely effective in
I gainings
II organise
III applying new knowledge
A I and II only
B I and III only

C II and III only


D I, II and III

10. Which of the following is not included in


planning the investigation?
A Control the variables
B Carrying out the investigation
C Determine the produced
D Determine the apparatus and materials

8. Which of the following is not the attitudes


and values that is important to learn science?

Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice

pendulum bob

thread

Figure 1
11. In Figure 1 above, identify the relationship
between the length of a thread and the time
used to make a number of swings from P to
Q.

Type of
pendulum bob

Time taken

Time taken

Length of thread

12. Who have been credited as the founders of


scientific method?
I Galileo Galilei
II Newton
III Francis Baeon
IV Einsten
A I and II only
B I and III only

C II and III only


D II and IV only

Fixed variable Manipulated variable


A

Weight of
pendulum bob

Type of pendulum
bob

Size of
pendulum bob

Length of thread

Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice


B

Photosynthesis rate

10

20 30 40 50

Temperature
(oC)

Figure 2
13. The graph in Figure 2 shows the relationship
between the temperature and rate of
photosynthesis in a small city.

Manipulated
variable

Responding
variable

Rate of
photosynthesis

Temperature

Temperature

Rate of
photosynthesis

Temperature

No of rainy
days

Rate of
photosynthesis

No of rainy
days

14. By using standard procedures in scientific


investigation, X can be avoided or corrected.
What is X?
A Critically
C Wrong variable
B Misconceptions D False material
15. Which of the following not included in writing
a report?
A Procedure
C Suggestion
B Conclusion
D Hypothesis

Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice


Structured Questions
1. (a) Complete the table below
Identifying
the problem

Writing a report

Making a
conclusion

Making a
hypothesis

Analysing and
interpreting data

Planning the
investigation

Collecting data

Controlling the
variables

Conducting
the experiment

Chapter 1: Scientific Investigation

SPM Quick Focus Practice


(b) What is the meaning of scientific method ?
The scientific method is a type of method used when solving a problem through
scientific investigation
(c) Explain the following variable :
(i) Manipulated variable
Manipulated variable is changed to test its relationship with the responding variable
(ii) Fixed variables
Fixed variables are all other factors, which are kept constant in a scientific
investigation