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LTE NSN Approach

LTE Fundamentals Course

For public use IPR applies


1
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Nokia Siemens Networks Academy


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documentation, product documentation and slide presentation material, all of which are forthwith
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only, those same individuals cannot subsequently pass on that same Intellectual Property to
others without the prior written agreement of Nokia Siemens Networks. The Nokia Siemens
Networks training material cannot be used outside of an agreed Nokia Siemens Networks
training session for development of groups without the prior written agreement of Nokia
Siemens Networks.

For public use IPR applies


2
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


3
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


4
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN approach to LTE


Nokia Siemens Networks offers a comprehensive LTE

end-to-end Solution to provide an smooth and cost-efficient


network deployment of LTE networks, consisting of:
- functionalities in the new LTE radio access network
- corresponding features in the existing network
infrastructure
- portfolio of services

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE Radio Solution is based on

the Flexi Multimode BTS, facilitating a smooth upgrade


path from WCDMA/HSPA, as it can be upgraded to support
LTE via software download only.

Flexi Multimode Base Station will become available on all


3GPP-bands, subject to market demand and will support
concurrent operation for WCDMA/HSPA and LTE on the
same HW platform.

For public use IPR applies


5
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN approach to LTE


Nokia Siemens Networks offers state-of-the-art site systems
for co-existence of GSM/GPRS/EDGE, WCDMA/HSPA and
LTE equipment in same location, building on the
revolutionary Flexi Base Station architecture for multiple
radio access technologies

Planning and optimization of LTE, WCDMA and GSM

networks specifically in frequency refarming cases is


simplified with Nokia Siemens Networks NetAct network
management tools.

Nokia Siemens Networks is the most experienced vendor in

the industry for LTE systems, having demonstrated the first


LTE e2e calls already in 2006 and field-trial deployments of
LTE in multi-user environments in 2007 and has been
selected together with Panasonic Mobile Communications as
supplier to NTT DoCoMos Super-3G (LTE) project in Japan.

Nokia Siemens Networks is a driving force in the LSTI (LTE


System & Test initiative)
For public use IPR applies
6
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN approach to LTE

For public use IPR applies


7
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE A Simple upgrade


Early 2008 saw the launch of the Nokia
Siemens Networks LTE end-to-end system,
bringing LTE a step closer to commercial
deployment.
3GPP Rel 8 / LTE/SAE
LTE capable
via SW
upgrade

MME
functionality
via SW
upgrade

SAE GW
introduced
on Next
Generation
Flexi ISN

Internet

Direct tunnel

Flexi
Multimode BTS
For public use IPR applies
8
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

SGSN

SAE
Gateway

A head start for network migration towards


LTE/SAE with Nokia Siemens Networks
2008

2009

2010

2011-

Network
migration

HSPA / I-HSPA
Flexi Multimode BTS
Direct tunnel

LTE/SAE trial

End-to-end LTE/SAE support


Tight co-operation with Nokia devices

Commercial launch

LTE capable devices


LTE roll-out for coverage and capacity
Data-centric services

Operator service
migration to LTE/SAE

For public use IPR applies


9
Nokia Siemens Networks

Volume LTE roll-out with full coverage


Gradual migration of cellular voice services
to LTE

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


10
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Revolutionary Nokia Siemens Networks


Flexi BTS platform
Traditional
macro BTS

Flexi
Multimode
BTS

For public use IPR applies


11
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

The new BTS


offers all the
energy
saving, low
cost
deployment
and
scalability
benefits of
the Flexi BTS
family.

Real life example:

Huge Difference in Conventional Macro BTS site


Volume, Weight, Power consumption
Flexi BTS

Vendor A
Outdoor Macro

Vendor B
Outdoor Macro

Note:
The Same RF and
power configuration

For public use IPR applies


12
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Vendor C
Outdoor Macro

Flexi Multimode BTS for HSPA and LTE

Complete 3-sector BTS possible with two


modules.

Software Definable Radio:


HSPA 3Q08, LTE upgrade 2H09

Feederless and distributed sites with RF


module or Remote radio head

For public use IPR applies


13
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Possible only with Flexi :


Complete Flexi BTS 3-sector Outdoor site

Flexi Multimode
System Module
3 sectors RF Module

For public use IPR applies


14
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

New level of energy efficiency


A new level of WCDMA BTS energy efficiency is
set with new Flexi multimode RF module
3-sector Flexi Multimode BTS site with WCDMA
will now consume only 430W
This is the next step further towards our target,
set in November 2007
2007
2008
2010

500W
430W
300W

Based on typical base station site configuration & typical traffic load
For public use IPR applies
15
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Multimode BTS LTE SW Application


SW Configurable BTS
Commercial HW shown
here:
Flexi Multimode System

Module
Flexi Multimode 3-sector RF
Module

All 3GPP frequency bands


to be supported according
to market need:
2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz,

1.7/2.1 GHz, 700 MHz


850 MHz, 900 MHz,
1800 MHz, 1900 MHz later
For public use IPR applies
16
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Multimode BTS Site


Complete three sector site solution
System Module
3-sector RF Module 3 x 60 W

Max capacity and coverage


4+4+4 WCDMA (60 W per cell)
6x2 LTE 20 MHz (120 W per cell)

The most cost


and size
optimized
3-sector site

Smallest size and weight (i.e DC Powered)


50 liters
50 kg
Easiest modular and distributed floor and
wall installation options

Lowest total power consumption


For public use IPR applies
17
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

System Module
3-sector RF Module

Flexi LTE/WCDMA BTS Site

System Module
Two 3-sector RF Modules for 3 sectors
1+1+1 @ 3 x 120 W 2TX MIMO
Optional 4 way UL diversity
Optional TMA/MHAs

Ultimate capacity
with 3x120 W
MIMO 2TX

Optional
TMA/MHA

r 1 tor 2 tor 3
o
t
c
c
c
Se
Se
Se

RX3
Tx1/RX1
RX4
Tx2/RX2

For public use IPR applies


18
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Multimode
System Module
Two 3-sector RF
Modules
Optional AC/DC
+ Battery

Flexi LTE Dual band


Example Dual Band case
System Module
3-sector RF Module for Band A
(e.g. 2.1 GHz)
3-sector RF Module for Band B
(e.g. 900 MHz)
Optional Feeder sharing
Optional TMA/MHA per RF band

System Module
3-sector RF Module 2.1 GHz
3-sector RF Module 900 MHz
Optional Flexi AC/DC
with Battery Module
For public use IPR applies
19
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Refarming
of 2G or 3G
frequencies
for LTE

Optional TMA/MHA
2.1GHz
Optional TMA/MHA
900 MHz

S1 to AGW/MME
X2 to eNB

Flexi Multimode 3-Sector RF Module


3
r3
o
tor x
t
x
c
c
Se iv R Se & R
D
Tx

Ant6

Ant5

r2
r2
ctoRx
cto Rx
e
e
S iv
S &
D
Tx

1
r
tor
cto
c
e
e
&
S 1
x S Tx x
R
v
R
Di

Ant4

Ant2

Ant3

The most cost


and size optimized
3-sector
configuration

Ant1

Flexi Three Sector RF Module with 3 x 70 W power amplifiers is


3 x 60 W at the antenna connector

Improved OPEX, electricity consumption is 25% lower than previous generation RF


1+1+1 LTE with one RF Module
Up to 2+2+2 WCDMA with only one RF Module
WCDMA Dualband 2+2+2 (band1) and 2+2+2 (band2) with only two RF Modules
Outdoor IP65 , -35 +55 C
Support for Distributed site up to 40 km from System Module Rel.2

For public use IPR applies


20
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Multimode
Remote Radio Head (RRH) 60 W
SW Configurable Radio Head
Commercial HW shown here
60 W at antenna connector
up to 4 carriers
all 3GPP frequency bands to be supported

according to market need:


2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz, 1.7/2.1 GHz, 700 MHz
850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 1900 MHz

For public use IPR applies


21
Nokia Siemens Networks

max. 40 km optical link to BTS System Module


200 m DC supply distance
Passive cooling
Size: < 20 l (2.1 GHz)

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Backhaul

Flexi BTS OBSAI Based Architecture


BTS Site level
functionality
O&M
Timing/synch
Transport

RP1,2

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing
RP3

Flexi BTS RF Modules

Flexi BTS System Module

For public use IPR applies


22
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi BTS System Module designed for


multimode operation
BTS Site level
functionality
O&M
Timing/synch
Transport

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing

Flexi BTS Multimode System Module


HW supports both WCDMA and LTE
Multiband operation
Radio Modules for different frequencies can be
connected to the same system module
Multimode functionality support
WCDMA mode (RU10)
LTE mode (RLT)
Under study: WCDMA-LTE concurrent mode

For public use IPR applies


23
Nokia Siemens Networks

Notes: Flexi BTS System Module HW (FSMB) released


before RU10 is for WCDMA only. Flexi BTS Multimode
System Module variant FSMC HW supports LTE but with
limited capacity.
Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi BTS RF Modules designed for multimode


operation
BTS Site level
functionality
- O&M
- Timing/synch
- Transport

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing

Flexi BTS Three Sector RF Module


HW released in RU10 supports both WCDMA and LTE
Single frequency band, multi-carrier operation
1.4 and 3 MHz LTE carrier bandwidths (5 MHz under
study)
HW released in RU20 supports both WCDMA and LTE
Single band, multi-carrier operation
20 MHz LTE carrier bandwidth
Multimode functionality support
WCDMA mode (RU10)
LTE mode (RLT)
WCDMA-LTE concurrent mode (RL20)
Notes: Single and Dual RF Modules (rel.1) are for WCDMA only.
Availability of different frequency variants is according to
WCDMA/HSPA BTS Site Solution Roadmap.
For public use IPR applies
24
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi BTS Remote RF Heads designed for


multimode operation
BTS Site level
functionality
- O&M
- Timing/synch
- Transport

Baseband
processing

Radio
processing

60W Remote Radio Head


HW supports both WCDMA and LTE
Single frequency band, multi-carrier
operation
20 MHz LTE carrier bandwidth
Multimode functionality support
WCDMA mode (RU10)
LTE mode (RL10)
WCDMA-LTE concurrent mode (RL20)
Notes: Other Remote Radio Heads are not planned for LTE
support. Availability of different frequency variants is
according to WCDMA/HSPA BTS Site Solution Roadmap.
For public use IPR applies
25
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Evolution from any legacy BTS Flexi LTE BTS co-siting


Antenna
Panel
Tower
Mounted
Amplifier

Existing
or new
multiband
antenna

New
Antenna

Existing
Antenna

Remote
Radio
Head

Tower
Mounted
Amplifier

Optical

Feeder
Cable
2G or 3G BTS

Existing
or new
multiband
antenna

Combining
Flexi RF Module
Combining

Flexi System

Flexi System

2G or 3G BTS

2G or 3G BTS

2G or 3G BTS

Option 2

Option 3

Flexi RF Module
Flexi System

Migration
For public use IPR applies
26
Nokia Siemens Networks

Option 1

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Feeder
Cable

W-CDMA LTE (Flexi installed base)


Antenna
Panel
Tower
Mounted
Amplifier

2.1GHz or
multiband
1.7-2.7GHz
antenna

Antenna
Panel

Antenna
Panel

Remote
Radio
Head

Tower
Mounted
Amplifier

Feeder
Cable
W-CDMA
Flexi

Feeder
Cable
W-CDMA & LTE
Flexi

W-CDMA & LTE


Flexi RRH

Combining
RF Module LTE
LTE System

LTE System

Flexi RF Module

Flexi RF Module

Flexi RF Module

Flexi System

Flexi System

Flexi System

Migration
For public use IPR applies
27
Nokia Siemens Networks

Option 1
Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Option 2

Example: Tri-sectored site evolution from WCDMA


2100 MHz to WCDMA/LTE 2100&2600 MHz
WCDMA

2100 MHz

WCDMA
WCDMA

2100 MHz
2600 MHz

WCDMA
WCDMA

LTE
LTE

2100 MHz
2600 MHz

System LTE

2100
DMA
System WC

Three Sector RF Module +


Multimode System Module
WCDMA 2100 2+2+2

For public use IPR applies


28
Nokia Siemens Networks

2600

2600

2100

2100

DMA
System WC

D
System WC

Multiband

Multiband
Multimode

Three Sector RF Module


added
WCDMA 2100 2+2+2
WCDMA 2600 2+2+2

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

MA

Multimode System
Module added
WCDMA 2100 1+1+1
LTE 2100 1+1+1
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1

Example: Tri-sectored site evolution from WCDMA


2100 MHz Rel.1 to WCDMA/LTE 2100&2600 MHz
WCDMA

2100 MHz

WCDMA
WCDMA

2100 MHz
2600 MHz

2600
2100

2100

2100

2100

System WC

DMA
System WC

D MA

Multiband
RF Module Single and Dual
(Rel.1) + System Module
(FSMB)
WCDMA 2100 1+1+1

For public use IPR applies


29
Nokia Siemens Networks

Three Sector RF Module 2600


MHz added
WCDMA2100 1+1+1
WCDMA2600 1+1+1

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

WCDMA
LTE
WCDMA

2100 MHz
2600 MHz

System LTE
2600
2100
2100
D
System WC

MA

Multiband
Multimode
Multimode System
Module added
WCDMA 2100 1+1+1
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1

Example: Tri-sectored site evolution from WCDMA


to WCDMA/LTE at 2600 MHz and 1800 MHz
WCDMA

2600 MHz

WCDMA

LTE

2600 MHz

LTE
WCDMA

LTE

1800 MHz
2600 MHz

1800
System LTE
2600

2600

DMA
System WC

DMA
System WC

Multimode
Three Sector RF Module 2600
MHz + Multimode System
Module
WCDMA 2600 2+2+2

For public use IPR applies


30
Nokia Siemens Networks

Multimode System Module


added
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

System LTE
2600
D
System WC

MA

Multiband
Multimode
Three Sector RF Module
1800 MHz added
WCDMA 2600 1+1+1
LTE 2600 1+1+1
LTE 1800 2+2+2

Example: Tri-sectored RF Head site evolution from


WCDMA to LTE at 2600 MHz
WCDMA

2600 MHz

WCDMA

LTE

System WC

2600 MHz

DMA

System LTE

DMA
System WC

LTE

2600 MHz

System LTE
System LTE

Multimode
CPRI/OBSAI 60 W RRH HW /
Multimode System module
HW
WCDMA 4+4+4

For public use IPR applies


31
Nokia Siemens Networks

Multimode System
Module added
WCDMA 2+2+2
LTE

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Multimode System Module SW


configured for LTE capacity
expansion
LTE

Example: Existing tri-sectored GSM site upgrade


from GSM to GSM + WCDMA/LTE multimode
900 MHz
2100 MHz
2600 MHz

GSM WCDMA LTE


LTE
WCDMA
LTE
WCDMA

WCDMA/LTE

GSM
900
2100
2600
DMA
System WC
System LTE

For public use IPR applies


32
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

900 MHz Three Sector RF Module

2100 MHz RF Three Sector RF Module

2600 MHz RF Three Sector RF Module


Multimode System
Module
Multimode System
Module

Flexi Base Station installation options


Wall installation

Floor installation

Pole installation

Inside constructions

For public use IPR applies


33
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

19 cabinet
installation

Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Base Station


New level of environmental performance

Superior energy efficiency


Up to 60% less power consumption than 1st generation 3G base stations
No additional cooling systems needed
Minimum rectifier and battery investment
Safe use of materials
Small size leads to less material used
Complying to latest environmental directives
Site solution fitting the environment
Less visible sites can be selected, more options available
Logistic
Less to transport at each step of manufacturing and distribution, less energy
consumed
Less packaging material used

For public use IPR applies


34
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Frequency Variant Roadmap - Flexi BTS RF Modules


Existing

WCDMA,
Single and
Dual RF
Modules

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Under study

850
900
1900
1.7/2.1
2100
2100, WCDMA SW

WCDMA/ LTE,
Multimode,
Triple RF
Modules
GSM/ WCDMA/
LTE, Multiradio,
Triple RF Modules

LTE SW

1.7/2.1, LTE SW

WCDMA SW

2600, LTE SW

WCDMA SW

Upper 700, LTE SW

Lower 700, LTE


SW

900, GSM/WCDMA SW

LTE SW

1800, GSM/WCDMA SW

LTE SW
850
1900

CT, trial available

C5, full commercial availability

Other frequency variants are under study and will be developed based on market
needs
For public use IPR applies
35
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


36
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Network evolution towards LTE R8


Direct tunnel
HSPA R6

GGSN

SGSN

HSPA R7

HSPA R7

LTE R8

PDN GW
GGSN
ISN
Serving GW
Direct
Direct
Direct
tunnel
tunnel
tunnelSGSN/
SGSN
SGSN
MME

RNC

RNC

Node-B

Node-B

= control plane
= user plane
For public use IPR applies
37
Nokia Siemens Networks

Internet HSPA

GTP tunneling
Node-B
with RNC
funct.

eNode-B

Ciphering + IP
header compression
in Node-B
Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Packet Core Evolution

LTE Network Architecture 3GPP


Evolved Packet Core
(EPC)
Combi

RAN
BSC

2G

Gb

Iu

Serving

S1-U
S1-MME

LTE

Rx+

S5 PDN

GW

GW

S3

NodeB

S7

Gateway

S4

RNC

S12

S7c

SGSN/MME
SGSN

3G

PCRF

SGi

S11
MME

S6b

S6a

Internet
Corporate
Services

eNodeB

S10

Non 3GPP

S2c

AAA

ePDG
Untrusted Non-3GPP
IP Access
Trusted Non3GPP IP Access
For public use IPR applies
38
Nokia Siemens Networks

Operator
Services

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

S2b
S2a

HSS
Control plane
User plane

Evolved Packet Core in 3GPP specifications


(according to spec 23.401 & 23.402)
GERAN
SGSN

HSS

UTRAN

Serving GW
User plane anchor for mobility between
the 2G/3G access system and the LTE
access system
Lawful Interception

MME

UE

Serving
GW

Evolved
UTRAN

Policy and Charging


Rules Function

PCRF

PDN
GW

Operator
IP services:
IMS, PSS,

PDN GW
Mobility Management Entity (MME):

Gateway towards Internet/Intranets

Control Plane traffic handling


Session and mobility management

User plane anchor for mobility between 3GPP and non3GPP access systems (Home Agent)

Idle mode mobility management

Charging Support

Paging

Policy and Charging Enforcement (Policy and Charging


Rules Function communicates with Policy and Charging
Enforcement Function within PDN GW)

AAA Proxy
NAS signaling
For public use IPR applies
39
Nokia Siemens Networks

Packet Filtering
Lawful Interception

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


40
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN MME implementation alternatives


Flexi Network Server for new network
deployments and early LTE trials

MME functionality in stand alone product


with LTE optimized platform.

Internet

Direct tunnel
Flexi Multimode BTS

Combi SGSN for existing 2G and 3G


networks with DX200 installed base

SAE Gateway

MME

MME functionality
via SW upgrade

Internet

Direct tunnel
Flexi Multimode BTS

For public use IPR applies


41
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

DX200 SGSN

SAE Gateway

Flexi Network Server 1.0 : Product Concept


Flexi Network Server Release 1.0 and 1.0 CD2

introduces MME control plane functionality to be used as


a part of the NSN LTE offering.
In the first phase Flexi NS is positioned as a stand alone
MME element.
However, evolution to a flat architecture 3G SGSN is
considered as a natural evolution step in the future.
Evolution to become 2G SGSN is more difficult, since
user plane forwarding would be needed in that
environment.
Flexi NS will be based on NSN ATCA* hardware
platform, and build on top of the NSN combi SGSN SW
architecture. The idea is that the MME functionality
developed in NS1.0 release can be later integrated as a
part of the combi SGSN.
The product name Flexi Network Server is still
provisional.
*ATCA stands for Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture
For public use IPR applies
42
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Network Server Highlights


High Capacity

2 M Subscribers
2 M Bearers
4.4 K transactions/s
20 K eNodeBs

MME Functionality

Compliant to 3GPP R8

Mobility Management
Bearer Management
Authentication
Based on field proven SGSN SW

Telecom HW Platform

Utilizes ATCA standards designed

for telecommunication environment


99.999 % Availability and Unit
redundancy
Conformance to environmental
specifications (ETSI, NEBS etc.)
For public use IPR applies
43
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Network Server Generic Architecture


Product scales over multiple ATCA chassis
Min configuration within a single chassis
Max configuration one cabinet
Common HW elements between Flexi
Network Server (MME) and Flexi Network
Gateway (SAEGW)
Chassis
Switch
Intel Processor blades
16 Slot ATCA Chassis
1GigE or 10 GiGE external interfaces
Non-blocking 2x10Gbps switch
Intel processor blades for
O&M
Chassis SW management
Chassis HW management
MME application
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Flexi Network Server

Deployment of MME Functional HW units

O&M
S6a

PAPU: Packet Processing Unit

SMMU

OMU

(n+1)

(2n)

Transaction based mobility management

(2n)

(n+1)

S3

HD
HD
Ethernet

Flexi NS

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

MCHU

PAPU

HD
HD

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

S1-MME,
S11, S4,

OMU
MCHU
SMMU
SMMU
SMMU
PAPU
PAPU
Switch
Switch
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
MCHU
OMU

and S1-MME, S3, S10 and S11 interfaces


to LTE.
From 1+1 to 6+1 units
SMMU: Signalling & Mobility Management
Unit
Offer subscriber database and subscriber
state based mobility management.
Offers S6a interface in LTE
From 1+1 to 2+1 unit
MCHU: Marker & Charging Unit
Offer statistic functionalities
2n unit
OMU: O&M Unit
Operation and maintenance functionality
and interface.
2n unit

Ethernet
Ethernet

Flexi Network Server

Physical interfaces for external connectivity


PAPU: Packet Processing Unit

2 x 1000Base-T, RJ-45

OMU
MCHU
SMMU
SMMU
SMMU
PAPU
PAPU
Switch
Switch
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
PAPU
MCHU
OMU

SMMU: Signalling & Mobility Management Unit


2 x 1000Base-T, RJ-45
MCHU: Marker & Charging Unit
2 x 1000Base-T, RJ-45
OMU: O&M Unit
2 x 1000Base-T, RJ-45
Switch:
4 x 10GBase-SX/LX/EX, XFP
(Not used at first)

HD
HD

HD
HD

Interface Standards:
1x1000BASE-T: IEEE 802.3ab
10GBase-SX/LX/EX: IEEE 802.3ae

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Ethernet

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Ethernet

Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet

Flexi NS

Combi SGSN with MME functionality


Nokia SGSN will evolve to MME in LTE.
MME offers control plane functionalities
like Mobility Management and
Authentications for LTE network.
SGSN MME offers multiaccess combi
element:
2G, 3G, I-HSPA and LTE support

RAN
2G/
EDGE

SGSN
MME

GGSN
/SAE GW
Control plane
User plane

3G/
HSPA

I-HSPA

LTE

Benefits

Very cost efficient way for customers to get MME into their network.
Provides the possibility for tightly integrated SGSN/MME network element
with optimal support for 3G-LTE intersystem mobility.
Extensive feature set: many of the existing SGSN features can be
applicable for LTE access as well.
MME is based on field proved SGSN software and the DX200 platform
hardware.
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Combi SGSN / MME Evolution Plan


2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

SGSN

SG7.0

SG8

SG9

High Capacity SGSN

Commercial MME

VoIP services

Combined 2G / 3G / MME element

Flexi Network Server

Trial MME

Commercial MME

Standalone MME element

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

VoIP services

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Review the NSN approach to LTE.


Describe how the Flexi Multimode BTS can be upgraded via
SW to support LTE services.
Discuss the NSN Core Network evolution towards LTE R8.
Understand the NSN alternatives to implement the Mobility
management Entity (MME).
Identify different solutions for the SAE gateway and its
capacity roadmap.

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

SAE GW Solutions
Standalone SAE GW for LTE:
Standalone SAE GW for new network and
extensions
SAE GW is based on field proven Flexi ISN
software.
SAE GW is based on ATCA platform.

RAN

SGSN
MME

SAE GW
Control plane
User plane

LTE

Multi Access Flexi ISN / SAE GW


solution:
Very cost efficient way of deploying SAE
GW into network
Optimal support for 3G-LTE Intersystem
mobility
Support for LTE non-3GPP intersystem
Mobility
Based on Flexi ISN platform (SW + HW)

RAN
2G/
EDGE
3G/
HSPA

I-HSPA

LTE
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

SGSN
MME

GGSN
/SAE GW
Control plane
User plane

Standalone SAE GW for LTE


LTE SAE-GW will be introduced on
ATCA platform
The new platform introduction timing is
optimized to maximize platform
capabilities for LTE
Our SAE offering complements our LTE
radio offering
Nokia Siemens Networks is an end-toend supplier for LTE/SAE network
implementations
LTE SAE-GW and MME on ATCA will be
introduced in 2H/2009
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

SAE GW Capacity Roadmap

For public use IPR applies


53
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN Press Releases regarding LTE

For public use IPR applies


54
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN is driving LTE commercialization


Press Release

Press Release

Munich, Germany December 19th, 2007

Espoo, Finland - December 4th, 2007

Up to ten times faster mobile broadband data rates


a step closer to reality

Together with Nokia Siemens Networks, Panasonic


Mobile Communications is selected by NTT
DoCoMo to be their Super 3G / Long Term Evolution
vendor

Nokia Siemens Networks has completed the


worlds first multi-user field trial in an urban
environment using the new Long Term Evolution
(LTE) technology that offers mobile data rates up to
173 Megabits per second.
In recent years the wireless industry has made a series
of progressive improvements in the performance.
However, end users now make increased use of mobile
multimedia services and they stay online for longer
periods. They therefore require faster data rates,
quicker response times and longer battery life in order
to enjoy the benefits of services such as voice over IP,
mobile video, sharing and collaboration and rich
multimedia telephony.
One year ago Nokia Siemens Networks conducted the
worlds first LTE demonstration in conjunction with
MIMO (Multiple Input / Multiple Output) antenna
technology. In this demonstration peak data rates
of 160 Megabits per second were
realized.

For public use IPR applies


55
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Panasonic Mobile Communications Co., Ltd and Nokia


Siemens Networks have agreed to cooperate on LTE
base station products. The companies jointly
responded to the request by Japans biggest mobile
operator NTT DoCoMo, Inc. for its Super 3G(LTE) Base
Station project, and Panasonic Mobile Communications
was selected as a supplier.
LTE is the next generation system for mobile networks
like GSM, WCDMA/HSPA and CDMA. It improves the
delivery of new multimedia and rich call applications by
enhancing data transfer speeds, reducing latency and
building on a scalable flat network design.
Panasonic Mobile Communications has developed
WCDMA base stations for over ten years based on
NTT DoCoMos requirements and has delivered
equipment for the operators FOMA TM network.

NSN is driving LTE commercialization


Press Release

Press Release

Barcelona, Spain / Espoo, Finland, February 11,


2008

CTIA Wireless 2008, Las Vegas, USA, March 31,


2008

Nokia Siemens Networks announces its end-to-end


solution for Long Term Evolution

Nokia Siemens Networks Ready for LTE in North


America

Nokia Siemens Networks solution helps mobile


operators meet the demands for high data speeds and
capacity beyond 3G with the industrys smoothest
upgrade to Long Term Evolution (LTE) / System
Architecture Evolution (SAE) networks.

Nokia Siemens Networks provides Long Term Evolution


(LTE) for 700 MHz and 1.7/2.1 GHz spectrum bands in
North America.

At the Mobile World Congress 2008 in Barcelona,


Nokia Siemens Networks today launched its LTE
solution for radio and core networks, including the new
Flexi Multimode Base Station, Mobility Management
Entity (MME) and System Architecture Evolution (SAE)
Gateway.
Nokia Siemens Networks LTE solution is well suited for
new operators and for operators upgrading existing
GSM/WCDMA/HSPA networks to provide fast and lowdelay Internet services via mobile broadband. LTE will
provide joint evolution for both 3GPP and 3GPP2
operators, which makes LTE a true global roaming
technology.

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Nokia Siemens Networks LTE solution for radio and


core networks will enable operators to deploy
WCDMA/HSPA and LTE in all major frequency bands,
including the 700 MHz and 1.7/2.1 GHz bands that are
of particular importance in North America. The solution
is comprised of the new Flexi Multimode Base Station,
Mobility Management Entity (MME) and System
Architecture Evolution (SAE) Gateway. The Flexi
Multimode Base Station is the newest member of the
small, modular and energy-efficient Flexi Base Station
family, making full use of the software defined radio
concept, which simplifies the path to LTE.
License winners from auctions in the U.S. and Canada
will be eager to deploy new networks and services as
quickly as possible, said Sue Spradley, President,
Nokia Siemens Networks, North America.

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

NSN is driving LTE commercialization


Press Release
London, United Kingdom, April 14, 2008
Wireless Industry Leaders commit to framework for
LTE technology IPR licensing
Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, NEC, NextWave Wireless,
Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks and Sony Ericsson
have today announced a mutual commitment to a
framework for establishing predictable and more
transparent maximum aggregate costs for licensing
intellectual property rights (IPR) that relate to 3GPP
Long Term Evolution and Service Architecture Evolution
standards (LTE/SAE). The companies invite all
interested parties to join this initiative which is intended
to stimulate early adoption of mobile broadband
technology across the communications and consumer
electronic industries.
The framework is based on the prevalent industry
principle of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory
(FRAND) licensing terms for essential patents. This
means that the companies agree, subject to reciprocity,
to reasonable, maximum aggregate royalty rates based
on the value added by the technology in the end
product and to flexible licensing arrangements
according to the licensors proportional share of all
standard essential IPR for the relevant product
category.
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Thank you

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Appendix: Additional material

For public use IPR applies


59
Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

MME for LTE


Combi SGSN /MME
solution:

ISN / SAE Gateway


MME

Standalone MME for new


networks and network
extensions.
MME is based on field
proved SGSN software.
Extensive feature set.

Flexi network Server

Control plane

Optimal support for 3G-

LTE Intersystem mobility.


Very cost efficient way for
customers to get MME
into their network.
Extensive feature set.
For public use IPR applies
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Nokia Siemens Networks

User
plane

EUTRAN

GERAN

Control plane

SGSN / MME

Control plane
UTRAN

User plane

Control plane
User plane
EUTRAN

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

ISN / SAE Gateway

User plane
Control plane

Why NSN has chosen ATCA for LTE Core? 1/3


Existing Functionality from Combi-SGSN
and Flexi ISN is inherited to LTE core
Stability, Carrier Gradeness
Kick start for functionality

Cost savings in HW development:


Use of COTS HW when applicable
Design Subcontracting (NSN IPR)

Technology updates are available without


NSN own investment

NSN can choose best available technology

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Why NSN has chosen ATCA for LTE Core? 2/3


HW Lifecycle management

COTS technology usage brings new HW to the


field one year earlier compared to dedicated
own HW development
Longer HW lifecycle in live networks
HW upgrades needed more seldom
Savings in spare parts
Savings in platform and product testing
Savings in HW type approvals

ATCA generations

1. generations in initial deployments 2002-2005


2. generation 2006-2007
3. generation 2008

NSN will use latest ATCA technology

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number

Why NSN has chosen ATCA for LTE Core? 3/3


HW components can be shared both with
MME and with SAEGW

Superior Scalability for LTE core

MME can scale over multiple chassis


Inter chassis redundancy for GW
Scalable chassis from 16 slots down to 6 slots
and 2 slots

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

Presentation / Author / Date / Document Number