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A NOVEL

BATTERY
CHARGER
OPERATED FROM
RANDOM SOUND
SOURCES OR
AIR PRESSURE

Presented by
Sneha Liz Paul
Roll No:49

INTRODUCTION
Cell Phones Integral Part of Our Social Life
Social Contacts
Playing Games
Watching Movies, Listening Music, etc.
Banking
Conferences
According to the Magazine `THE GUARDIAN,
there are 4.1 billion users of Cell Phones in the
World, ie. 60 % of World Population.
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INTRODUCTION ...CONTD
`International Energy Agency says 1.4 billion people
around the world have no access to Electricity.
Scarcity of Electricity affects a huge portion of
population in Cell Phones usage.
Natural calamities, like Earth Quakes, Tsunamis,
Landslides, etc. lead to power outages.
Daily One Unit Electricity required for Cell Phone
charging.
THERE IS AN URGE FOR
AN ALTERNATE ENERGY SOURCE.
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CELL PHONE CHARGERS

CELL PHONE CHARGERS ...


CONTD

PIEZOELECTRICITY

Piezoelectricity was discovered by Curie Brothers


in 1880.
It is the generation of electric field from applied
pressure.
It is observed in crystalline materials.
The materials exhibiting the direct piezoelectric
also exhibit the reverse piezoelectric effect
(the internal generation of a mechanical strain
resulting from an applied electrical field.)
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PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS

NATURAL

SYNTHETIC

Quartz

Lead zirconate titanate (PZT)

Rochelle Salt

Zinc oxide (ZnO)

Topaz

Barium titanate (BaTiO3)

Sucrose

Gallium orthophosphate (GaPO4)

Tendon

Potassium niobate (KNbO3)

Silk

Lead titanate (PbTiO3)

Enamel

Lithium tantalate (LiTaO3)

Dentin

Langasite (La3Ga5SiO14)

DNA

Sodium tungstate (Na2WO3)


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PIEZOELECTRIC WORKING
Crystals generally have a charge balance where
negative and positive charges precisely nullify each
other
When this charge balance is disrupted by an external
force, such as, applying physical stress to a crystal,
the energy is transferred by electric charge carriers
When pressure is applied, a negative charge is
produced on the expanded side and a positive charge
on the compressed side.
Once the pressure is relieved, electrical current flows
across the material.

PIEZO TRANSDUCER

PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL
-EFFECTIVE SOUND SENSORS

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PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY
HARVESTING

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POWER GENERATING SIDEWALK

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GYMS AND WORKPLACES


Vibrations caused from
machines in the gym.
At workplaces,
piezoelectric crystal are
laid in the chairs for
storing energy.
Utilizing the vibrations in
the vehicle like clutches,
gears etc.

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MOBILE KEYPADS & KEYBOARDS

Crystals laid down under


keys of mobile unit and
keyboard.

For every key pressed


vibrations are created.

These vibrations can be


used for charging
purposes.
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POWER GENERATING BOOTS OR SHOES

Idea was researched in US.

To power the battlefield


equipment by generators
embedded in soldier boots.

Idea was abandoned due to


the discomfort.

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FLOOR MATS & PEOPLE POWERED


DANCE CLUBS

Series of crystals can be laid below the floor mats, tiles


and carpets.
One footstep can only provide enough electrical current
to light two 60-watt bulbs for one second.
When mob uses the dance floor, an enormous voltage is
generated.
This energy is used to power the equipment of nightclubs.

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PROPOSED METHOD

Block Diagram

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Circuit Diagram

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Low voltage Audio power amplifier


4V ac output with biasing voltage of 5V
Voltage gain 20-200
Applications: AM-FM radio amplifiers, TV sound
systems, Power converters etc.

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DC output equal to
four times the peak
voltage value
(4Vp) of the
sinusoidal input
signal. Also, using
large value
capacitors will help
to reduce the ripple
voltage.

Quadrupler Circuit
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RESULT & OBSERVATIONS


Output of voltage quadrupler
circuit:11.2V with 65mA from 118db
sound.
Battery output:2.1V after 3min.
Within 20mins ,fully charged-3.68V.
Output power of quadrupler circuit:o .0757W before applying sound
o .7345W after applying sound source
on piezo disc.

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For Different Distances And Intensity


Of Sound Source In Outdoor

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COMPACT CHARGER:
DESIGN AND ACCESSORIES

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FUTURE IMPROVEMENT
Piezoelectric transducers suitably placed
inside and outside of cell phone casing.
Conversion circuit housed inside mobile
phone.
User talks over his mobile, sound from his
voice converts into electric power.
Increasing air or sound pressure mechanicallyusing horn.

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Increasing air
pressure
mechanically
by customized
horn

Placement of
transducer
with horn

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APPLICATIONS

Military Purpose (war field, border and hilly regions).


When travelling in a long journey, during a trek or beach
when switch boards are not available.
While continuously talking on the phone with a low
battery especially in android and smart phones where
battery gets quickly discharged due to running
applications.
In outdoors with various sources like train whistle in
railway station, noise in traffic, industries and public
places.
Sound produced from a running hydraulic pump and
construction piling.

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ADVANTAGES
Simple & Portable
Useful in areas where there is
no electric power at all.
Helpful during natural
disaster.

DISADVANTAGES
We do not get piezoelectric
transducer with high
conversion efficiency.
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CONCLUSION

An effective way of producing usable electric power from available sound


energy is presented.
Piezoelectric transducers can be used for conversion of sounds into electric
energy.
The produced electric energy is stored in super-capacitors which is then
summed up and amplified through adder and voltage multiplier circuits.
The resultant electric power can be used to charge a rechargeable mobile
battery.
If we will be able to convert sound energy to electric energy efficiently it
could help us to reduce the scarcity of electrical energy globally.
The noise pollution on roads and runways due to traffic could be converted
into electric energy and power the street lightning, signals and various
other electrical appliances.
With considerable research and sophistication to this technology, we can
expect a world with no external chargers for mobile phones in the future.
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REFERENCES
1. Tryhorn, Chris. The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 02 Mar.
2009. Web. 02 Mar. 2012.
2. Seminar on Energy poverty: The missing Millennium Development
Goal, International. Energy Agency, March, 2012.
3. John Therampilly, Energy harvesting from multiple sources for
Battery charging. March 2012.
4. Robert John Littrell, High Performance Piezoelectric MEMS
Microphones, Dissertation of Doctor of Philosophy (Mechanical
Engineering), The University of Michigan, 2010.
5. Takeuchi M, Matsuzawa S, Tairaku K, Takatsu C. Piezoelectric
generator as power supply for RFID-tags and applications, Proc. IEEE
Ultrasonics Symposium, New York City, USA, pp. 25582561, 2831
October 2007.
6. T. Dikshit, D. Shrivastava, A. Gorey, A. Gupta, P. Parandka, S. Katiyal,
Energy Harvesting via Piezoelectricity , proceedings of the 4th
National Conference; INDIACom-2010, 25 26 February, 2010.
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