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Posisi Geogravis Indonesia

Lingkaran Api dan Sekitarnya

GEMPA BUMI

Tsunami

KERUSUHAN

SUDAH SIAPKAH ANDA ?

Perawat
Jumlah tenaga kesehatan terbanyak
Ditempatkan dan dibutuhkan sebagai tulang
punggung dalam situasi darurat dan bencana

PERLU:
Pengetahuan dan Skill tentang Penanganan

Gawat Darurat dan Bencana

PERAN PERAWAT DALAM


PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA
DIREKTORAT BINA PELAYANAN
KEPERAWATAN DEPKES
PERSATUAN PERAWAT SELURUH
INDONESIA
INSTITUSI PENDIDIKAN TINGGI/PELAYANAN
ICN
WHO DI INDONESIA
MENGEMBANGKAN PERAN
PERAWAT: ORGANISASI,
PELAYANAN, PENDIDIKAN

TAHAPAN PENANGGULANGAN
BENCANA
PENCEGAHAN

REHABILITASI

TANGGAP DARURAT

Disaster Cycle
Preparedness Phase

Long-Term Phase

Mid-Term Phase
Lifesaving and
Emergency care
Initial response phase

LINGKUP PELAYANAN
KOMUNITAS
JIWA
KLINIK

SAFE COMMUNITY

Nursing Activities on disasters

Assessment of and care for caregivers and rescue


Psychological care

Support of adjustment of
changing life environmen

Education
and training

Rebuilding of communities
Health maintenance of evacuees
Improving food and shelter environment

Building networks

Prevention of Infectious
/ controlling epidemics

network

Assessment of and care for vulnerable persons


Assessment of communities

Lifesaving/
Formation of relationship among people
Emergency Care
Management of
Corpses

Preparedness

Initial

Mid-term

Long-term

All reserved by 21st COE, CNAS, University of Hyogo

PENCEGAHAN

IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR RESIKO


MENGEMBANGKAN DAN MENERAPKAN
PROGRAM BENCANA
MENGURANGI DAMPAK BENCANA
LINTAS SEKTORAL
SAFE COMMUNITY

RESPONSE
1. RAPID NEED ASSESSMENT

Quick assessment of the facilities needed at the time of


disaster

2. RESOURCES MOBILISATION

Quick response to the area of disaster


Human, money, equipments, logistics
Medical team and support systems

3. DISASTER TRIAGE
4. LIFE SAFING ACTIVITIES

Medical management
evacuation

5. SUB ACUTE

Intra-hospital management
Post trauma management

INCIDENT MANAGEMENT

MANAGEMENT
SUPPORT

FINANCIAL
FACILITIES

TRIAGE

CODING

TREATMENTS

LIFE SAVING
MEDICAL TREATMENT
MEDICAL SUPPORT

EVACUATION

PERAN PERAWAT
TANGGAP DARURAT
MANAGEMEN
SUPPORT
(MED. SUPPLY)

RESCUE

TRANSPORT

RUMAH SAKIT

KEGIATAN LAIN TANGGAP DARURAT


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

DAPUR UMUM
ADMINISTRASI
HUMAS
PERLENGKAPAN
TRANSPORTASI
KEBERSIHAN

Facilities
equipments

Feeling
Safe
secure

Commitment
personality

Nurses
performance Emergency
Local
Responses
condition
systems
Daily
Community
emergency
support
competencies

PERAWAT di DAERAH BENCANA


FAKTOR MEMPENGARUHI KINERJA:
1. RASA AMAN DIRI DAN KELUARGA

MAMPU BEKERJA
FOKUS

2. KOMITMEN PROFESI
3. FASILITAS
4. SISTEM KOMANDO BENCANA

Karakterstik..
Kesiapan diri
Mampu bekerja dalam tim di lingkungan
yang tidak dikenal
Mengenali keterbatasan dan kekurangan
diri
TRAINING
terhadap peran yang dibutuhkan amat
PENTING

MANAGEMEN KEPERAWATAN
SAAT BENCANA
1. RUMAH SAKIT TIDAK TERKENA
BENCANA
2. RUMAH SAKIT TERKENA BENCANA

emergency room

entrance room 1st floor

ISU KEPERAWATAN
1. KURIKULUM KEPERAWATAN
BENCANA
2. SISTEM KORDINASI KEPERAWATAN
SAAT BENCANA
3. SISTEM SERTIFIKASI KEPERAWATAN
TANGGAP BENCANA
4. SISTEM PENANGANAN
KEGAWATDARURATAN SEHARI-HARI

PENUTUP
INDONESIA SUPERMARKET
BENCANA
BENCANA PERLU KESIAGAAN DAN
KESIAPAN PEMBENTUKAN SISTEM
DAN PELATIHAN
PERAN PERAWAT ADA DISEMUA
TAHAP BENCANA
HARUS DIMULAI DARI PENDIDIKAN
PELAYANAN PPNI