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Alvarez, Nelitza Carrero, Carla

Hage, Rayan Rodriguez, Amanda Tallaferro, Julieta.

I. The
It is the subject that Topic
the
lecture is about. The main
idea can usually be located if
you can determine what the
topic is.

II. The
Paragraph
A paragraph

is a group of
sentences that all have the
same topic, each sentence works
together as part of a unit to create

Example a:
Zebras
Tigers

Elephants

I. The
Topic

African animals

Lions

The topic if African animals. All of the other word


are examples of the topic.

Example b:
wheels
car

tires

brakes

sterring wheels seats

The topic is car. All of the other word are part of a


car.

EXAMPL
ES

II. The
Paragraph
The Best Place To Visit
(topic sentence) California is the most
wonderful place to visit because of its
variety of weather and its beautiful nature.
(subject development) Visitors to
California can find any weather they like.
They can find cool temperatures in the
summer; also they can find warm weather
in the winter. They can find places that are
difficult for humans to live in the summer
because they are so hot. Or they can find
places closed in the winter because of the
snow. On the other hand, visitors can find
the nature they like. They can find high
mountains and low valleys. Visitors can
find a huge forest, a dead desert, and a
beautiful coast.(summary sentence) So
California is the most wonderful place to
visit because of its weather and nature.

EXAMPL
ES

III. The Paragraph


Structure
Most paragraphs in an essay have a threepart structure:
Introduction: the first section of a paragraph; should
include the topic sentence and any other sentences at
the beginning of the paragraph that give background
information or provide a transition.
Body:
follows the introduction; discusses the
controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis,
examples, and other information.
Conclusion:
the final section; summarizes the
connections between the information discussed in the

IV. Recognizing
Topic
in
Paragraph

a
a

When you read a paragraph you should ask


yourself, What is this about? What is the
general idea?. That question will lead you to
the topic of the paragraph.

IV. Recognizing
Topic
in
Paragraph
Topics
for

a
a

People have always been interested


this
in bees. This interest may have begun
paragraph:
withthe honey bees make. In fact,
archeologists have found evidence
a) Expressions
about
that people havebeen eating honey
bees in The English
for many thousands years. In the
language.
more recent past, people
wereinterested in the way bees made
b) The story of bees.
honey. They admired the way bees
seemed to work sohard. Some
c) Peoples interest in
languages even developed
bees.
expressions about people working
like bees. InEnglish, for example, we Explanation: the best topic would be
talk about a busy bees. Now
c, because it tells best what the
paragraph is about.
scientists have a new reasonto be
interested in bees. They have
discovered that bees are able to
communicatewith each other.
Research has revealed some

V.

Stating the Topic


of a Paragraph

A paragraph can contain a topic explained in


two ways:
The specific way: when the given
information is detailed and goes deeper in
the topic.
The general way: when the given
* An example:
information only covers
the surface of the
Numbers, is general.
topic.
One, two, three is