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forces and motion

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You are on page 1of 14

Can exist during physical

contact(Tension, Friction, Applied Force)

Can exist with NO physical contact,

called FIELD FORCES ( gravitational,

electric, etc)

Italian for LAZY. Unit for MASS = kilogram.

Weight or Force due to Gravity is how your MASS

is effected by gravity.

W mg

NOTE: MASS and WEIGHT are NOT the same thing. MASS never chan

When an object moves to a different planet.

What is the weight of an 85.3-kg person on earth? On Mars=3.2 m/s/s)?

W mg W (85.3)(9.8) 835.94 N

WMARS (85.3)(3.2) 272.96 N

straight line and at a constant speed OR an

object at rest remains at rest, UNLESS acted

upon by an EXTERNAL (unbalanced) Force.

There are TWO conditions here and one constraint.

Condition #1 The object CAN move but must be at a CONSTANT SPEED

Condition #2 The object is at REST

Constraint As long as the forces are BALANCED!!!!! And if all the forces

are balanced the SUM of all the forces is ZERO.

The bottom line: There is NO ACCELERATION in this case AND the object

must be at EQILIBRIUM ( All the forces cancel out).

acc 0 F 0

labels.

FN

T

Ff

T

W1,Fg1

or m1g

m2g

Weight(mg) Always

drawn from the center,

straight down

Force Normal(FN) A

surface force always

drawn perpendicular to a

surface.

Tension(T or FT) force

in ropes and always

drawn AWAY from object.

Friction(Ff)- Always

drawn opposing the

motion.

Ff

FN

mg

constant speed or at rest MUST be at

EQUILIBRIUM.

TIPS for solving problems

Draw a FBD

Resolve anything into COMPONENTS

Write equations of equilibrium

Solve for unknowns

right at a constant speed with a force of 50N.

a)

b)

Calculate the Force Normal

FN

Ff

mg

Fa

Fa F f 50 N

mg Fn (10)(9.8) 98 N

above the horizontal.

a)

b)

F f Fax 43.3 N

FN

Fa

Fay

30

Ff

Fax

mg

FN mg!

FN Fay mg

FN mg Fay (10)(9.8) 50 sin 30

FN 73 N

constant speed, that means the FORCES are

UNBALANCED. One force(s) in a certain

direction over power the others.

THE OBJECT WILL THEN ACCELERATE.

proportional to the NET FORCE and

inversely proportional to the mass.

a FNET

a

1

a

m

FNET

FNET ma

m

FNET F

Tips:

Draw an FBD

Resolve vectors into components

Write equations of motion by adding

and subtracting vectors to find the

NET FORCE. Always write larger force

smaller force.

Solve for any unknowns

the right by a rope with an applied force of

50N. Calculate the acceleration of the box if a

12 N frictional force acts upon it.

FN

Ff

mg

Fa

In which

direction, is this

object

accelerating?

The X direction!

So N.S.L. is

worked out using

the forces in the

x direction only

FNet ma

Fa F f ma

50 12 10a

a 3.8 m / s

connected to a cable that passes over a pulley and then is

fastened to a hanging mass, m2 = 11.0 kg as shown below. Find

the acceleration of each mass and the tension in the cable.

FNet ma

FN

m2 g T m2 a

T m1a

T

T

m1g

m2 g m1a m2 a

m2 g m2 a m1a

m2 g a(m2 m1 )

m2g

m2 g

(11)(9.8)

7.7 m / s 2

m1 m2

14

FNet ma

m2 g T m2 a

T m1a

FNET

FNet ma

m

a

Rise

Slope

Run

T (3)(7.7) 23.1 N

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