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Financial Management

Goals of Financial
Wealth Maximisation
Maximisation of Profit Maximisation of Earning per share Maximisation of return on equity-

Other concerns
High rate of growth
Substantial market share
Product and technological leadership
Employee welfare
Customer Satisfaction
Support education and research
Improve community life and other
societal problems

Shareholder Orientation in
Foreign Exposure
Greater dependence on Capital
Growing importance of Institutional
Abolition of wealth tax on financial

Key Activities of Financial

Financial Analysis, planning and
Assessing the financial performance and
condition of the firm
Forecasting and planning the financial
future of the firm
Estimating financing needs of the firm
Instituting appropriate system of control

Management of Firms asset

Determining the capital budget
Managing the liquid resources
Establishing the credit policy
Controlling the level of inventories

Management of firms financial

Establishing the debt-equity
ratio/financial leverage
Determining the dividend policy
Choosing the specific instruments of
Negotiating and developing
relationships with various suppliers of

Organisation of finance

Relationship of finance to
Macro economic
Micro economic

Relationship to accounting
Score keeping vs value maximising
Accrual method vs cash flow method
Certainty vs uncertainty

Functions of Financial
Payment system-for the exchange of
goods and services
Pooling of funds-for undertaking
large scale enterprises
Transfer of resources
Risk management
Coordinating decentralized decision
Dealing with information asymmetry

Financial Instruments
Coins, currency notes, demand
deposits, corporate debentures, giltedged securities, equity shares,
futures and options
Financial assets/ financial liabilities
FA represents claim against future
income and wealth of others.
FL represent promises to pay some
proportion of prospective income and
wealth to others

Money issued by RBI & Ministry of finance

Demand deposit promise to repay given sum as and when demanded by the holder.
Interest Y/N

Short term debt promise to repay given sum with interest within period of 1 year

Intermediate term debt promise to repay given sum with interest within period that exceeds
1 year but is less than 5 years

Long term debt stream of interest over long period of time and then repay in
lumpsum /installment

Equity stocks

Financial Institutions

Financial Markets
Money market
Capital market
Primary market
Public issue
Right issue
Private placement

Secondary market

Government Securities market