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Ofc. Mike Alderton Hagerstown Police Department SRO
Ofc. Mike Alderton Hagerstown Police Department SRO
Ofc. Mike Alderton Hagerstown Police Department SRO

Ofc. Mike Alderton Hagerstown Police Department SRO

Ofc. Mike Alderton Hagerstown Police Department SRO
Conduct and maintain a realistic Personal Readiness Assessment !!!!  My surroundings???  My condition??? 

Conduct and maintain a realistic Personal Readiness Assessment !!!!

My surroundings??? My condition??? My situation???

 What is your immediate surroundings?  Where is the nearest EXIT?  What is your

What is your immediate surroundings?

Where is the nearest EXIT?

What is your quickest path to that EXIT ?

What hazards exist near you?

 Are you able to use stairs for escape?  What are your abilities and disabilities?

Are you able to use stairs for escape?

What are your abilities and disabilities?

 Are you able to use stairs for escape?  What are your abilities and disabilities?

How do you react under extreme stress?

 Are you able to use stairs for escape?  What are your abilities and disabilities?
 What is occurring???  Is there a safety concern???  What is the threat to

What is occurring???

Is there a safety concern???

What is the threat to me???

 Different needs   Unique personal circumstance   Individual emotion reaction   Situation

Different needsUnique personal circumstance Individual emotion reaction Situation development

 Different needs   Unique personal circumstance   Individual emotion reaction   Situation
 KNOWN FACTS  REALISTIC OPTIONS

KNOWN FACTS REALISTIC OPTIONS

 KNOWN FACTS  REALISTIC OPTIONS
 KNOWN FACTS  REALISTIC OPTIONS
 Identify and understand the 5 elements of the A.L.I.C.E. concept.  Understand the importance of

Identify and understand the 5 elements of the A.L.I.C.E. concept.

Understand the importance of providing A.L.I.C.E. training.

 Recognize the value of available public address systems to provide real-time information to all persons

Recognize the value of available public address systems to provide real-time information to all persons in the attack zone.

Understand the OODA Loop and how it applies to active killer countermeasures.

 A LERT  L OCKDOWN  I NFORM  C OUNTER  E VACUATE

ALERT LOCKDOWN INFORM COUNTER EVACUATE

 Designed in 2001 by a Dallas/Fort Worth police officer in response to the Columbine Shootings

Designed in 2001 by a Dallas/Fort Worth police officer in response to the Columbine Shootings in conjunction with his elementary school principal wife.

Asks the question “What are you doing while the police are responding?”

Vision is to have all citizens have the skills and knowledge of their options on how to respond to an active threat.

 Most violent intruder situations last between three and seven minutes.  FBI research has shown

Most violent intruder situations last between three and seven minutes.

FBI research has shown that civilians have stopped active killer events prior to police intervention.

 Police Intervention 51%  On-site resolution 49%

Police Intervention 51% On-site resolution 49%

 Attacker stopped themselves 67% (Suicide 60% / left scene 7%)
 Attacker stopped themselves 67%
(Suicide 60% / left scene 7%)

Victims stopped attack 33% (Physically subdued attacker)

 Attacker stopped themselves 67% (Suicide 60% / left scene 7%)  Victims stopped attack 33%
A.L.I.C.E. equips people with strategies to better prepare for life-and- death encounters.

A.L.I.C.E. equips people with strategies to better prepare for life-and- death encounters.

CALL 911 Announcing the threat immediately “Do Not”  Call the supervisor first  Let the

CALL 911

Announcing the threat immediately

“Do Not”

Call the supervisor first Let the boss make the call Take time to investigate before acting

 Attempt to find cover or concealment.  Remain quiet.  Constantly reassess your options. 

Attempt to find cover or concealment. Remain quiet.

Constantly reassess your options.

Develop a plan based on any known information.

 Information must flow freely during these events. PA Systems/Cameras  Staff should secure and use

Information must flow freely during these events. PA Systems/Cameras

Staff should secure and use intercom or other public address methods to broadcast location of attacker and direction of travel.

Those in LOCKDOWN should use this information to identify escape opportunities or prepare for confrontation.

 Determine what you have as weapons of opportunity.  Commit to your actions!!  Inundate

Determine what you have as weapons of opportunity.

Commit to your actions!!

Inundate attacker with violence.

Weapons of opportunity. - Heavy objects to throw -Sharp office tools -Striking objects -Hands and/or overwhelming

Weapons of opportunity.

-Heavy objects to throw

-Sharp office tools -Striking objects -Hands and/or overwhelming number of people

 Observe  Orient  Decide  Act
 Observe  Orient  Decide  Act

Observe Orient

 Observe  Orient  Decide  Act

Decide Act

When information indicates that escape is possible do so immediately.  Leave belongings behind.  Encourage

When information indicates that escape is possible do so immediately.

Leave belongings behind. Encourage others to leave with you.

Attempt to reunite with coworkers at a safe distance from scene.

BE WHERE THE DANGER ISN’T !!!

BE WHERE THE

DANGER ISN’T !!!

 Public address systems are critical to providing real-time information to all persons in the attack

Public address systems are critical to

providing real-time information to all persons

in the attack zone.

OODA Loop interruption is critical to active

killer countermeasures.

Alice IS NOT a continuum.

Alice gives you options

options on how to react to an

active threat.