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URBAN FORM

URBAN FORM URBAN FORM S UBMITTED B Y :- ANIL MALIK 2K6 / ARCH / 605

URBAN FORM

SUBMITTED BY :-

ANIL MALIK 2K6 / ARCH / 605

HIMANSHU BANSAL 2K6 / ARCH / 610

NAFE SINGH

616

2K6 / ARCH /

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URBAN FORM

Urban form refers to the physical layout and design of the city. Urban design takes into consideration density, street layout, transportation and employment areas and urban design issues. Growth management issues such as urban sprawl, growth patterns and phasing of developments also heavily influence urban form.

URBAN FORM

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U R B A N D E S I G N URBAN FORM V
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Density
Density
Urban Form
Urban Form
Layout
Layout
Land Use
Land Use
Housing/ Building Type
Housing/
Building Type
Density Urban Form Layout Land Use Housing/ Building Type URBAN FORM U R B A N
Density Urban Form Layout Land Use Housing/ Building Type URBAN FORM U R B A N

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The idea of coexistence in urban form

Aldo Rossi must be considered to be the source of a very particular interpretation of urban form. According to Rossi, urban form is the result of a patchwork in which different features are stitched together. He envisages a coexistence of different features, each of which belongs to a clearly identifiable interpretation of city form.

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Scales in Urban Form

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Region City Street Neighborhood Block

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The advantages that Chandigarh Offers over other major cities of the region are:

Geographically, the city is located at the foothills of Shivalik, so it enjoys good regional linkages and connectivity with important cities of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal and also well connected with Delhi. This is one of the biggest reasons to invest in the city. Chandigarh is fast becoming an IT hub, which attracts the population and has become a reason for the investment driven market. Chandigarh has a sound environment as far as law and order is concerned. The city is prosperous and its people have very high paying capacity and hence can support high- end retail and entertainment activities. This can be concluded on the basis of the fact that Chandigarh has the highest per capita income in India.

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CITY

The overall form of the City is identified in the Framework Element. The growth that does occur is encouraged to locate in transit-served regional and community centers, neighborhood districts and corridors. With respect to neighborhood design, centers provide a physical and activity focus for surrounding residents.

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With respect to citywide urban form, these centers support the bus/fixed rail transit

system and need to provide a sufficient base of both commercial and residential development, to support that transit system.

In particular,

fixed

rail

transit

requires

a

substantial capital investment and sufficient residential densities around station locations to make the system viable and the investment cost-effective. The area around transit stations should therefore be designed to support its use.

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Encourage future development in centers and in nodes along corridors that are served by transit and are already functioning as centers for the surrounding neighborhoods, the community or the region.

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STREETS

Refine the City's highway nomenclature and standards to distinguish among user priorities

Streets serve multiple functions (movement of vehicles, bicycles and pedestrians, shopping, recreational strolling) and multiple users (pedestrians, transit, automobiles and trucks). They must therefore be designed to accommodate these functions and users.

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Buildings

should have service uses

that are

oriented to pedestrians along the sidewalk, with parking behind.

Sidewalks should be wide and lined with open canopied street trees, pedestrian-scale street lights provided to recognized standards commensurate with planned nighttime use, and other pedestrian amenities.

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LIVEABLE NEIGHBORHOODS

As discussed previously, the definition of the City's current form and character resides largely in its neighborhoods. Neighborhoods should therefore be the focus of the City's planning efforts with respect to urban form and community character.

All neighborhoods in the City deserve to have well designed buildings and a safe, secure, and attractive public realm.

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Lets understand the concept of neighborhood through studying the plan of Chandigarh…

Lets understand the concept of neighborhood through studying the plan of Chandigarh… URBAN FORM U R

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Some

of

the

important

features

of

“NEIGHBOURHOOD CONCEPT” in the Chandigarh’s

master plan are:

  • 1. Each sector is 1.2 km In length and 0.8 km in width. They can accommodate population ranging from 15000 to 25000 depending upon the area an density of population. There are usually 3 to 4 neighborhood units in each block.

  • 2. There is a clear segregation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic in the town.

  • 3. Each sector has a continuous green open space on the longer side and shopping street on shorter side.

  • 4. The

green

open

spaces

has

cycle

track

and

pedestrian

pathway, which are

separated

from

the

main

shopping street contains local shops and markets.

road.

The

  • 5. School and essentials services are located in the centre of the sector for easy accessibility without crossing main roads.

  • 6. The residential plots in all sectors do not have direct access to the main road facilitating fast movement of traffic with out any hindrance.

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Actors who shape Urban Form

Land owners Building owners Developers

Builders

Professionals: Planners, Architects, Engineers, etc.

Government

Financial institutions

Households at different level of formal and informal organization

Within households Between households

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Structures that shape urban form

1. Structural Background

Macro framework

Political-Economic Socio-Cultural

Local frameworks

Political-Economic Socio-Cultural

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2. Property and Resources

Systems of ownership

■ (who owns

Land

ownership

what)

patterns

access

Other

systems

of

capital

Financing Other

Availability of local resources:

materials

and

other

resources,

labor,

building physical knowledge ...

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3. Governance

Institutional frameworks

government

power

(Sets of

Organization

and

levels

of

of

Regulatory

framework

regulations)

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4. Regulatory tools

Land ownership controls (on division, aggregation, etc.)

■ Plans and special plans

Zoning and rezoning

Building codes

Urban Design Guidelines

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5. Technology

Transportation

Communication

Building

Other

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6. The existing physical city

(streets,

Classic morphological elements

lots,

buildings)

(open

Systems

of

infrastructure

space,

sewers,

transportation)

Local

city-building

'traditions'

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THAK YOU

URBAN FORM

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