You are on page 1of 27

Finding spectral patterns in bark beetle

infestations of the Sierra National Forest


using Landsat and AVIRIS imagery

Mariah Heck, University of Tulsa


Dar Roberts and David Miller, UC Santa Barbara

R
O
F
T
N
U
H
E
TH
S
E
L
T
E
E
B
K
BAR FROM
E
C
A
P
S
R
E
T
OU

What are Bark Beetles?

Attack conifer trees in swarms


Lay their eggs under the bark
Important to overall forest health

What are Bark Beetles?

Retrieved from: http://www.mountainpinebeetletreatment.com

Infestation Investigation
Pitch tubes
Crown fading
Piles of boring dust

Retrieved from: http://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5384837.pdf

Infestation Investigation
Spatial and temporal patterns
Prediction of outbreaks

Retrieved from: http://www.econewsvt.org/news/20-years-of-aerial-forest-monitoring

Infestation Investigation
Objective:
Find a specific wavelength or spectral index which
changes due to bark beetle infestation before the
effects are visible.

Beetle Hunt

Fire

Beetles
NBR: Normalized Burn Ratio
(NIR SWIR)/(NIR + SWIR)

Beetle Hunt
Landsat imagery
2010-2016
NBR over time

Beetle Hunt

Beetle Hunt

Tane, Zachary. Quantifying Tree Loss in Sierra National Forest. Digital image.Earth Observatory. NASA, 20 July
2016. Web. 30 July 2016.

Beetle Hunt

Landsat

Green: Healthy 2015-2016


Red: Appeared healthy
2015, dead 2016

AVIRIS
Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

Average Reflectance

Aspect

P = 0.3067
No Significance

Slope

P = 0.4256
No Significance

Elevation

P = 0.0205
Significant

Average Reflectance

Average Reflectance

Average Reflectance

Significant
Wavelengths (nm)
365
375
385
394
404
414
423
433
1333
1343
1353
1422

Spectral Indices
(Band1 Band2)/(Band1 + Band2)

Number of significant indices: 16,978 / 41,616

Spectral Indices
(Band1 Band2)/(Band1 + Band2)

CHLOROPHYLL!

WATER!

Number of significant indices: 8,818 / 41,616

Conclusions
No specific wavelengths or indices related to beetle kills
Wavelengths in the ranges of 400-500 and 2200-2500 nm
showed the greatest sensitivity
Additional work
Investigate wavelengths 433 and 1422nm
Study other areas

References
Meddens, Arjan J.H., Jeffrey A. Hicke, Lee A. Vierling, and Andrew T.
Hudak. "Evaluating Methods to Detect Bark Beetle-caused Tree Mortality
Using Single-date and Multi-date Landsat Imagery." Remote Sensing of
Environment 132 (2013): 49-58. Web. June-July 2016.
Meddens, Arjan J.H., and Jeffrey A. Hickey. "Spatial and Temporal Patterns of
Landsat-based Detection of Tree Mortality Caused by a Mountain Pine Beetle
Outbreak in Colorado, USA." Forest Ecology and Management 322 (2014):
78-88. Web. June-July 2016.
Smith, Sheri. Bark Beetles in California Conifers. N.p.: USDA, 2015.
Wulder, Michael A., Caren C. Dymond, Joanne C. White, Donald G. Leckie,
and Allan L. Carroll. "Surveying Mountain Pine Beetle Damage of Forests: A
Review of Remote Sensing Opportunities Michael." Forest Ecology and
Management 221.1-3 (2006): 27-41. Web.

Acknowledgements

Dr. Dar Roberts


David Miller
Andrew Heck
Dr. Emily Schaller
NSERC
NASA

Questions

Eric Carle