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Chapter 16: The Endocrine System

Endocrine
Organs

Hormones

Control

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Introduction

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Questions by Mark Hollier, Georgia Perimeter College - Clarkston Campus

Pathology

FINAL ROUND

Introduction:

$100 Question

Endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands


because they don't _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

have a blood supply


have ducts
secrete chemical messengers
have cells
ANSWER

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Introduction:

$100 Answer

Endocrine glands differ from exocrine glands


because they don't _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

have a blood supply


have ducts
secrete chemical messengers
have cells

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Introduction:

$200 Question

Hormones can be all of the following except


_______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

proteins
eicosanoids
steroids
carbohydrates
ANSWER

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Introduction:

$200 Answer

Hormones can be all of the following except


_______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

proteins
eicosanoids
steroids
carbohydrates

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Introduction:

$300 Question

Target organs respond to water-soluble


hormones because of the presence of _______
on the cell membrane surface.
a.
b.
c.
d.

ATP
calcium
cAMP
specific receptors
ANSWER

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Introduction:

$300 Answer

Target organs respond to water-soluble


hormones because of the presence of _______
on the cell membrane surface.
a.
b.
c.
d.

ATP
calcium
cAMP
specific receptors

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Introduction:

$400 Question

Most of the amino acidbased hormones affect


the target organs using _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

intracellular second messengers


intracellular receptors
direct activation of genes
relay proteins
ANSWER

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Introduction:

$400 Answer

Most of the amino acidbased hormones affect


the target organs using _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

intracellular second messengers


intracellular receptors
direct activation of genes
relay proteins

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Introduction:

$500 Question

Hormones that directly activate genes are


classified as ________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

amino acid based


water soluble
lipid soluble
G proteins
ANSWER

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Introduction:

$500 Answer

Hormones that directly activate genes are


classified as ________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

amino acid based


water soluble
lipid soluble
G proteins

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Endocrine Organs:

$100 Question

The islets of Langerhans are found in which


endocrine organ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Pancreas
Adrenal gland
ANSWER

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Endocrine Organs:

$100 Answer

The islets of Langerhans are found in which


endocrine organ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
Pancreas
Adrenal gland

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Endocrine Organs:

$200 Question

In which region of the adrenal gland is


aldosterone produced?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Zona reticularis
Adrenal cortex
Zona fasciculata
Adrenal medulla
ANSWER

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Endocrine Organs:

$200 Answer

In which region of the adrenal gland is


aldosterone produced?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Zona reticularis
Adrenal cortex
Zona fasciculata
Adrenal medulla

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Endocrine Organs:

$300 Question

This gland atrophies after puberty.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Pituitary gland
Thymus
Pineal gland
Thyroid gland

ANSWER
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Endocrine Organs:

$300 Answer

This gland atrophies after puberty.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Pituitary gland
Thymus
Pineal gland
Thyroid gland

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Endocrine Organs:

$400 Question

Which endocrine glands are tiny, yellow-brown in


color, and are arranged in thick, branching cords?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Pituitary gland
Parathyroid gland
Thyroid gland
Pineal gland
ANSWER

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Endocrine Organs:

$400 Answer

Which endocrine glands are tiny, yellow-brown in


color, and are arranged in thick, branching cords?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Pituitary gland
Parathyroid gland
Thyroid gland
Pineal gland

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Endocrine Organs:

$500 Question

Oxytocin is produced here.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Anterior pituitary gland


Posterior pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Ovary

ANSWER
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Endocrine Organs:

$500 Answer

Oxytocin is produced here.


a.
b.
c.
d.

Anterior pituitary gland


Posterior pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Ovary

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Hormones:

$100 Question

The epiphyseal plate is the target organ of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

GH
ACTH
Parathormone
Glucagon
ANSWER

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Hormones:

$100 Answer

The epiphyseal plate is the target organ of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

GH
ACTH
Parathormone
Glucagon

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Hormones:

$200 Question

What is the effect of PTH?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase osteoclast activity


Increase Ca2+ reabsorption in the kidney
Increase Ca2+ absorption in the intestine
All of the above

ANSWER
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Hormones:

$200 Answer

What is the effect of PTH?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Increase osteoclast activity


Increase Ca2+ reabsorption in the kidney
Increase Ca2+ absorption in the intestine
All of the above

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Hormones:

$300 Question

This hormone is important in sodium regulation


and therefore water balance.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Aldosterone
ADH
Cortisone
Glucagon
ANSWER

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Hormones:

$300 Answer

This hormone is important in sodium regulation


and therefore water balance.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Aldosterone
ADH
Cortisone
Glucagon

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Hormones:

$400 Question

For which hormone is the role in males not well


understood?
a.
b.
c.
d.

ACTH
FSH
PRL
LH
ANSWER

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Hormones:

$400 Answer

For which hormone is the role in males not well


understood?
a.
b.
c.
d.

ACTH
FSH
PRL
LH

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Hormones:

$500 Question

The target organ of thyrotropin-releasing


hormone is the _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

anterior pituitary gland


posterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus
thyroid gland
ANSWER

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Hormones:

$500 Answer

The target organ of thyrotropin-releasing


hormone is the _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

anterior pituitary gland


posterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus
thyroid gland

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Control:

$100 Question

Which area of the brain regulates the endocrine


system?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Cerebral cortex
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Neurohypophysis
ANSWER

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Control:

$100 Answer

Which area of the brain regulates the endocrine


system?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Cerebral cortex
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Neurohypophysis

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Control:

$200 Question

Much of the endocrine system regulates itself


through a process called _________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

negative feedback
positive feedback
reciprocal inhibition
receptor inhibition
ANSWER

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Control:

$200 Answer

Much of the endocrine system regulates itself


through a process called _________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

negative feedback
positive feedback
reciprocal inhibition
receptor inhibition

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

Control:

$300 Question

Hormones are secreted in response to all of the


following stimuli except _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

neuronal
humoral
hormonal
up-regulation
ANSWER

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Control:

$300 Answer

Hormones are secreted in response to all of the


following stimuli except _______.
a.
b.
c.
d.

neuronal
humoral
hormonal
up-regulation

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Control:

$400 Question

The anterior pituitary stimulates other endocrine


organs by secreting a group of hormones called
________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

releasing factors
tropic hormones
relay proteins
target hormones
ANSWER

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Control:

$400 Answer

The anterior pituitary stimulates other endocrine


organs by secreting a group of hormones called
________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

releasing factors
tropic hormones
relay proteins
target hormones

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

Control:

$500 Question

An excess of hormones in the blood may cause


target organs to decrease the number of
receptors for that hormone in a process called
________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

negative feedback
receptor inhibition
down-regulation
positive feedback

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

ANSWER
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Control:

$500 Answer

An excess of hormones in the blood may cause


target organs to decrease the number of
receptors for that hormone in a process called
________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

negative feedback
receptor inhibition
down-regulation
positive feedback

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

Pathology:

$100 Question

Acromegaly is a result of hypersecretion of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Thyroxine
Cortisone
Growth hormone
Parathormone
ANSWER

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Pathology:

$100 Answer

Acromegaly is a result of hypersecretion of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Thyroxine
Cortisone
Growth hormone
Parathormone

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Pathology:

$200 Question

Endemic goiter results from a lack of ______ in


the diet.
a.
b.
c.
d.

vitamin C
vitamin D
calcium
iodine
ANSWER

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Pathology:

$200 Answer

Endemic goiter results from a lack of ______ in


the diet.
a.
b.
c.
d.

vitamin C
vitamin D
calcium
iodine

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Pathology:

$300 Question

Hypoglycemia is a problem with which hormone?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Insulin
Glucagon
Calcitonin
Parathormone

ANSWER
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Pathology:

$300 Answer

Hypoglycemia is a problem with which hormone?


a.
b.
c.
d.

Insulin
Glucagon
Calcitonin
Parathormone

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Pathology:

$400 Question

Cushing's disease is caused by _______.


a.
b.
c.
d.

hyposecretion of the adrenal glands


hyposecretion of the pancreas
hypersecretion of the adrenal glands
hypersecretion of the pancreas

ANSWER
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Pathology:

$400 Answer

Cushing's disease is caused by _______.


a.
b.
c.
d.

hyposecretion of the adrenal glands


hyposecretion of the pancreas
hypersecretion of the adrenal glands
hypersecretion of the pancreas

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Pathology:

$500 Question

Exophthalmos is a sign of hypersecretion of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Parathormone
Calcitonin
GH
Thyroxine
ANSWER

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

Pathology:

$500 Answer

Exophthalmos is a sign of hypersecretion of this


hormone.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Parathormone
Calcitonin
GH
Thyroxine

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

FINAL ROUND Question

A person with endemic goiter suffers from


________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

a hypofunctioning adrenal gland


a hyperfunctioning adrenal gland
a hypofunctioning thyroid gland
a hyperfunctioning thyroid gland
ANSWER

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME

FINAL ROUND Answer

A person with endemic goiter suffers from


________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

a hypofunctioning adrenal gland


a hyperfunctioning adrenal gland
a hypofunctioning thyroid gland
a hyperfunctioning thyroid gland

2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

BACK TO GAME