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Technological University of the Philippines

College of Industrial Technology

REYMUNDO A. SAN JUAN


BT-PPET 3A
PET 3112PLANT INSPECTION PREVENTIVE
MAINTENANCE
MR. EDUARDO M. FERNANDEZ
HAND RIGGING AND SIGNALS

Proper attire for Riggerman and Signal man

Riggerman:
Signalman:
Helmet
Helmet
Identification Tag
Identification Tag
Reflective Vest
Reflective Vest
Gloves
Gloves
Safety Shoes
Safety Shoes

Parts of Crane
Movable boom can be raised, lowered, rotated
Spool with steel cable that extends to end of boom
Counterweights that offset the weight of the load

What is Crane?
A crane is a tower or derrick that is equipped with cables

and pulleys that are used to lift and lower material. They
are commonly used in the construction industry and in the
manufacturing of heavy equipment. Cranes for construction
are normally temporary
structures, either fixed to the ground or mounted on a
purpose built vehicle.
They can either be controlled from an operator in a cab that
travels along with the crane, by a push button pendant
control station, or by radio type controls. The crane
operator is ultimately responsible for the safety of the crews
and the crane.

Types of Crane
Mobile Crane
The most basic type of crane consists of a steel truss
or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform,
which could be a rail, wheeled, or even on a cat truck.
The boom is hinged at the bottom and can be either
raised or lowered by cables or hydraulic cylinders.

Telescopic Crane
This type of crane offers a boom that consists of a
number of tubes fitted one inside of the other. A
hydraulic mechanism extends or retracts the tubes to
increase or decrease the length of the boom.

Tower Crane
The tower crane is a modern form of a balance crane.
When fixed to the ground, tower cranes will often
give the best combination of height and lifting
capacity and are also used when constructing tall
buildings.

Truck Mounted Crane


Cranes mounted on a rubber tire truck will provide
great mobility. Outriggers that extend vertically or
horizontally are used to level and stabilize the crane
during hoisting.

Rough Terrain Crane


A crane that is mounted on an undercarriage with four
rubber tires, designed for operations off road. The
outriggers extend vertically and horizontally to level
and stabilize the crane when hoisting. These types of
cranes are single engine machines where the same
engine is used for powering the undercarriage as it is
for powering the crane. In these types of cranes, the
engine is normally mounted in the undercarriage
rather than
in the upper portion.

Loader Crane
A loader crane is a hydraulically powered articulated
arm fitted to a trailer, used to load equipment onto a
trailer. The numerous sections can be folded into a
small space when the crane isnt in use.

Overhead Crane
Also refered to as a suspended crane, this type is
normally used in a factory, with some of them being
able to lift very heavy loads. The hoist is set on a
trolley which will move in one direction along one or
two beams, which move at angles to that direction
along elevated or ground level tracks, often mounted
along the side of an assembly area.

In the excavation world, cranes are used to move

equipment or machinery. Cranes can quickly and easily


move machinery into trenches or down steep hills, or
even pipe. There are many types of cranes available,
serving everything from excavation to road work.
Cranes are also beneficial to building bridges or
construction. For many years, cranes have proven to be
an asset to the industry of construction and excavating.
Crane operators make really good money, no matter
what type of crane they are operating.

Who ever is in charge of any crane or hoist

operations (Contractor, Forman, Superintendent)


using any crane or hoist must ensure that a fully
competent, qualified and experienced signal person
is assigned to work with the crane for as long as it is
working within their area of responsibility.

Hand Signals
Hoist: With the forearm vertical, forefinger

pointing up, move hand in small horizontal circle.

Hand Signals
Lower: With the arm extended downward,

forefinger pointing down move hand in small


horizontal circle

Hand Signals
Use Main Hoist: Tap fist on top of head then use

regular signals.

Hand Signals
Use Whip-Line: (Auxiliary Hoist) Tap elbow with

one hand, then use regular signals.

Hand Signals
Raise Boom: Arm extended fingers closed with

thumb pointing upward.

Hand Signals
Lower Boom: Arm extended fingers closed with

thumb pointing downward.

Hand Signals
Move Slowly: Use one hand to give any motion

signal and place the other hand motionless in front


of hand giving the motion signal (Hoist slowly shown
as example).

Hand Signals
Raise the Boom & Lower the Load: With arm

extended, thumb pointing up, flex fingers in and out


as long as load movement is desired.

Hand Signals
Lower the Boom & Raise the Load: With arm

extended, thumb pointing down, flex fingers in and


out as long as load movement is desired.

Hand Signals
Swing: Arm extended, point with finger in

direction of swing of boom.

Hand Signals
Stop: Arm extended, palm down, move arm back

and forth horizontally.

Hand Signals
Emergency Stop: Both arms extended, palms

down, move arms back and forth horizontally.

Hand Signals
Travel: Arm extended forward hand open and

slightly raised make a pushing motion in direction of


travel.

Hand Signals
Travel Both Tracks: Use both fists in front of

body, making a circular motion about each other,


indicating direction of travel, forward or backward.
(For land cranes only)

Hand Signals
Dog Everything: Clasp hands in front of body.

Hand Signals
Travel One Track: Lock the track on side

indicated by raising fist. Travel opposite direction


indicated by circular motion of other fist, rotated
vertically in front of body. (For land cranes only)

Hand Signals
Extend Boom: (Hydraulic cranes) Both fists in

front of body with thumbs pointing outward.

Hand Signals
Retract Boom: (Hydraulic cranes) Both fists in

front of body with thumbs pointing towards each


other.

Hand Signals
Extend Boom One Hand Signal: (Hydraulic

cranes) One fist in front of chest with thumb tapping


on chest.

Hand Signals
Retract Boom One Hand Signal: (Hydraulic

cranes) One fist in front of chest with thumb


pointing outward and heel of fist tapping on chest.

Test
1. Identify this hand signal?
A. Travel One Track
B. Travel Both Tracks
C. Dog Everything
D. Stop

Test
2. Identify this hand signal?
A. Stop
B. Move Slowly
C. Dog Everything
D. Emergency Stop

Test
3. Identify this hand signal?
A. Extend Boom
B. Raise Boom
C. Retract Boom
D. Travel To Me

Test
4. Identify this hand signal?
A. Raise Boom Lower Load
B. Raise Boom Slowly
C. Lower The Boom And

Raise The Load


D. None Of The Above

Test
5. Identify this hand signal?
A. Travel Forward
B. Travel One Track
C. Travel Both Tracks
D. None Of The Above

Test
6. Identify this hand signal?
A. Raise Boom
B. Extend Boom
C. Retract Boom
D. None Of The Above

Test
7. Identify this hand signal?
A. Raise Boom Slowly
B. Hoist Slowly
C. Swing Slowly
D. None Of The Above

Test
8. Identify this hand signal?
A. Raise Boom Slowly
B. Use Main Hoist
C. Use Auxiliary Hoist
D. Dog Everything

Test
9. Identify this hand signal?
A. Use Auxiliary Hoist
B. Swing Left
C. Travel One Track
D. Dog Everything

Test
10. The operator will only respond to signals only

from:?
A. Designated Signalperson
B. Qualified Signalperson
C. Experienced Signalperson
D. All Of The Above

Test
11. What is the most basic type of crane that consists

of a steel truss or telescopic boom mounted on a


mobile platform, which could be a rail, wheeled, or
even on a cat truck?
A. Overhead Crane
B. Mobile Crane
C. Loader Crane
D. Rough Terrain Crane

Test
12. Type of crane that consists of a number of tubes

fitted one inside of the other.


A. Mobile Crane
B. Overhead Crane
C. Telescopic Crane
D. Truck Mounted Crane

Test
13. What is the modern form of crane ?
A. Overhead Crane
B. Loader Crane
C. Rough Terrain Crane
D. Tower Crane

Test
14. Kind of crane used to level and stabilize the

crane during hoisting?


A. Truck Mounted Crane
B. Loader Crane
C. Overhead Crane
D. Telescopic Crane

Test
15. Type of crane that designed for operations off

road?
A. Rough Terrain Crane
B. Telescopic Crane
C. Overhead Crane
D. Mobile Crane

Test
16. Type of crane used to load equipment onto a

trailer?
A. Overhead Crane
B. Loader Crane
C. Telescopic Crane
D. Mobile Crane

Test
17. Type of crane that normally use in factory?
A. Rough Terrain Crane
B. Loader Crane
C. Overhead Crane
D. Telescopic Crane

Test
Enumeration:
18-22. Give the proper attire for riggerman and
signal man.

Answers:
1. C10. B/C18-22:Helmet
2. D11. B
3. A12. C
4. C13. D
5. C14. A
6. B15. A
7. C16. B
8. C17. C
9. C

Identification Tag
Reflective Vest
Gloves
Safety Shoes

Thank
You!!