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Simple Present

Form

Simple Present Is Used


To express habits, general truths, repeated actions
or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes
To give instructions or directions

To express fixed arrangements, present or future


To express future time, after some conjunctions:
after, when, before, as soon as, until

Notes on the simple present,


third person singular
In the third person singular the verb always ends in -s
he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks.

Negative and question forms use DOES (= the third person


of the auxiliary 'DO') + the infinitive of the verb.
He wants ice cream. Does he want strawberry? He does not want vanilla.

Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies


fly --> flies, cry --> cries
Exception: if there is a vowel before the -y:
play --> plays, pray --> prays

Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch


he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

Examples
For habits
He drinks tea at breakfast.
She only eats fish.
For repeated actions or events
We catch the bus every morning.
It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
For general truths
Water freezes at zero degrees.
The Earth revolves around the Sun.
For instructions or directions
Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
For fixed arrangements
His mother arrives tomorrow.
Our holiday starts on the 26th March
With future constructions
She'll see you before she leaves.
We'll give it to her when she arrives.

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


AFFIRMATIVE

NEGATIVE

QESTION

ACTIVE

I/You/They/W
e + V1
He/She/It +
V1(s,es,ies)

I/You/They/We
+ Dont + V1
He/She/It +
Doesnt + V1

Do +
I/You/They/We +
V1
Does + He/She/It
+ V1

PASSIVE

I/You/They/W
e/He/She/It
+ Am/Is/Are
+ V3

I/You/They/We/
He/She/It +
Am/Is/Are +
Not + V3

Am/Is/Are +
I/You/They/We/He/
She/It + V3

NOTES
Passive Voice is gramatical subject where the subject doesnt do
the action, but the subject is the receiver of action by doer of
action whether the doer is mentioned or not. In passive Voice , the

Examples
Passive Voice

No.

Active Voice

Pregnant womenshould eatdark


chocolate regularly.
(Wanita hamil seharusnya makan
coklat hitam secara teratur.)

Dark chocolateshould be
eatenregularly by pregnant women.
(Coklat hitam seharusnya dimakan
secara teratur oleh wanita hamil.)

Peoplemakebooks from trees.


(Orang membuat buku dari
pohon.)

Booksare madefrom trees.


(Buku dibuat dari pohon.)

My parentstreatme like a baby.


(Orang tua memperlakukan saya
seperti bayi.)

Iam treatedlike a babyby my parents.


(Saya diperlakukan seperti bayi oleh
orang tua.)

Youcan usethe photos for free.


(Kamu bisa menggunakan gotofoto tersebut secara gratis.)

The photoscan be usedfor free.


(Foto-foto tersebut dapat digunakan
secara gratis.)

He oftensleepson the right side


of the bed.
(Dia selalu tidur di sisi kanan
tempat tidur.)

The right side of the


bedisoftenslepton by him.
(Sisi kanan tempat tidur sering ditiduri
olehnya.)

Quiz
1. My sisterspeaks
______ (speak) English.
is
2. London _____
(be) in England.
he draw
3. Does
___________
(he draw) well?

4. Waterboils
_____ (boil) at 100 degrees.
you watch (you watch) movies?
5. Do
____________

Quiz
has
6. A triangle
____ (have) three corners.
you (you be) ready?
7. Are
_______

8. She ______
(wash) the dishes every evening.
washes

9. Iam
___ (be) ready.
you bake
10.Do
__________
(you bake) cakes?

http://www.ef.com/english-resources
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http://www.wordsmile.com/rumuscontoh-kalimat-passive-simplepresent-tense