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BRIDGING

2008
SENIBINA

DECONSTRUCTIVIS
M

QC 006: SEJARAH SENIBINA


DECONSTRUCTIVISM
D econstructivism dalam senibina turut dikenali Deconstruction , kemajuan
Senibina pasca moden bermula dalam awal tahun1980an. Bercirikan daripada
pecahan idea, tarikan dalam memanipulasi idea struktur permukaan atau kulit,
tiada lagi permukaan bersegi empat digunakan bagi memesongkan dan ditempatkan
sebahagian unsur senibina. Kemasan dilihat dihargai pada bangunan yang
dipamerkan pada “gaya” deconstructivism yang disifatkan oleh rangsangan yang

DECONSTRUCTIVIS
tidak disangka dan kelam-kabut yang terkawal.

Deconstructivism in architecture, also called deconstruction, is a development of postmodern


architecture that began in the late 1980s. It is characterized by ideas of fragmentation, an interest in
manipulating ideas of a structure's surface or skin, non-rectilinear shapes which serve to distort and
dislocate some of the elements of architecture, such as structure and envelope. The finished visual
appearance of buildings that exhibit the many deconstructivist "styles" is characterised by a stimulating
unpredictability and a controlled chaos.
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Peristiwa-peristiwa penting dalam sejarah deconstructivism bermula pada awal
tahun 1982. Parc de la Villette merupakan satu pertandingan rekaan senibina
(terutama kemasukan daripada Jacques Derrida dan Peter Eisenman dan kemunculan
juara Bernard Tschumi), Museum Seni Moden 1988 dengan pameran Deconstructivistm
Architecture di New York, dirancang oleh Philip Johnson dan Mark Wigley, dan
tahun 1989 perasmian Wexner Center of Arts di Columbus direka oleh Peter
Eisenman, di New York satu pameran diketengahkan hasil kerja oleh Frank Gehry,
Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l) dan
Bernard Tschumi.

Important events in the history of the


deconstructivist movement include the 1982 Parc de
la Villette architectural design competition
(especially the entry from Jacques Derrida and
Peter Eisenman[1] and Bernard Tschumi's winning
entry), the Museum of Modern Art’s 1988
Deconstructivist Architecture exhibition in New
York, organized by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley,
and the 1989 opening of the Wexner Center for the
Arts in Columbus, designed by Peter Eisenman. The
New York exhibition featured works by Frank Gehry,
Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman,
Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb(l)au, and Bernard Tschumi.
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Dibawa oleh idea-idea ahli falsafah Perancis Jacques Derrida. Eisenman telah
memejukan satu hubungan peribadi dengan Derrida, tetapi walaubagaimanapun
pendekatannya untuk reka bentuk senibina terdapat kemajukan yang panjang ke
hadapan bagi menjadi satu Deconstructivist. Untuk Deconstructivism dia perlu
difikirkan satu perluasan minatnya dalam formalisme radikal. Beberapa pengamal
deconstructivism adalah juga dipengaruhi oleh percubaan rasmi dan
ketidakseimbangan geometri orang Rusia constructivism. Sebutan-sebutan yang
dapat tambahan dalam deconstructivism untuk abad ke-20 pergerakan: modenisme /
saling mempengaruhi postmodernism, ekspresionisme, kubisme, minimalism dan seni
kontemporari.

influenced by the ideas of the French philosopher Jacques Derrida.


Eisenman developed a personal relationship with Derrida, but even so
his approach to architectural design was developed long before he
became a Deconstructivist. For him Deconstructivism should be
considered an extension of his interest in radical formalism. Some
practitioners of deconstructivism were also influenced by the formal
experimentation and geometric imbalances of Russian constructivism.
There are additional references in deconstructivism to 20th-century
movements: the modernism/postmodernism interplay, expressionism, cubism,
minimalism and contemporary art.
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Saluran utama daripada falsafah Deconstructivist dalam teori senibina telah
dikesan oleh falsafah Jacques Derrida mempengaruhi Peter Eisenman, Eisenmen
telah mengerakkaan asas falsafah daripada penggerakan kesasteraan
Deconstruction, dan kerjasama secara terus dengan Derrida dalam projek
termasuklah peryertaan dalam pertandingan Parc de la Villette, Documented di
Chora I works. Kedua-duanya termasuklah Daniel Libeskind berasa bimbang dengan
"metaphysics of presence," dan merupakan perkara utama pada falsaha
Deconstivist dalam teori senibina.

The main channel from deconstructivist philosophy


to architectural theory was through the philosopher
Jacques Derrida's influence with Peter Eisenman.
Eisenman drew some philosophical bases from the
literary movement Deconstruction, and collaborated
directly with Derrida on projects including an
entry for the Parc de la Villette competition,
documented in Chora l Works. Both Derrida and
Eisenman, as well as Daniel Libeskind[4] were
concerned with the "metaphysics of presence," and
this is the main subject of deconstructivist
philosophy in architecture theory
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Senibina adalah dianggapkan bahasa yang berupaya menerangkan maksud dan
menerima rawatan daripada kaedah falsafah linguistik (kajian bahasa).
Kehadiran dialek dan ketidakhadiran, atau solid dan void terdapat dalam banyak
pada projek Eisenman, kedua-dua bina dan tidak dibina . Mereka percaya dimana
lokus, atau kehadiran tempat, adalah senibina, dan kesamaan kehadiran dialek dan
ketidakhadiran telah dijumpai dalam construction (pembianaan) dan
deconstruction.

The presupposition is that architecture is a


language capable of communicating meaning and of
receiving treatments by methods of linguistic
philosophy. The dialectic of presence and absence,
or solid and void occurs in much of Eisenman's
projects, both built and unbuilt. Both Derrida and
Eisenman believe that the locus, or place of
presence, is architecture, and the same dialectic of
presence and absence is found in construction and
deconstruction.
DECONSTRUCTIVISM
Berdasarkan daripada Derrida, membaca text adalah pekara terbaik untuk membawa
keluar apabila kerja klasik pada stuktur narrative. Mana-mana arkitek
deconstruction mewujudkan syarat-syarat bagi khusus pembinaan Archetypal.
Kekuatan –mendirikan satu anggapan yang biasaan dengan bermainkan lenturan
yang bertentangan. Lebih dikenali dengan Foam follow fantasy

According to Derrida, readings of texts are best


carried out when working with classical narrative
structures. Any architectural deconstruction
requires the existence of a particular archetypal
construction, a strongly-established conventional
expectation to play flexibly against.
DECONSTRUCTIVISM

PENGARUH
DECONSTRUCTIVIS
M
INFLUENCE
Nama /Name: Jacques Derrida
Lahir /Birth: 15 July 1930
Meninggal/Death : October 8, 2004 (usia 74)
Tarikan utama/Main interests: Philosophy of
language  : Literary theory
: Ethics 
: Ontology
Idea penting/Notable ideas : Deconstruction 
: Différance 
: Phallogocentrism
In a fragment from a long sentence that embodies what it describes, Derrida
says of his writing:
 
I remember having gone to bed very late after a moment of anger or irony
against a sentence of Proust's . . . which says: "A work in which there are
theories is like an object on which one has left he price tag," and I find
nothing more vulgar than this Franco-Britannic decorum . . . I admit that I
write with the price on, I display, not so that the price be legible to the
first-comer, for I am for an aristocracy without distinction, therefore
without vulgarity, for a democracy of the compulsion to the highest price, you
have to pay the price to read the price displayed (Circumfusion 62-3)

Dalam sekeping serpihan daripada satu ayat panjang yang mewujudkan apa ia menggambarkan, Derrida
kata tulisannya:
 
Saya ingatkan waktu masuk tidur sebenar telah lewat selepas seketika kemarahan atau ironi pada
satu ayat Proust . . . yang mengatakan: "Satu menyisipkan yang terdapat dari teori-teori adalah
seperti sebuah objek yang mana satu telah meninggalkan tanda harga dia," dan saya mencari tidak
ada apa-apa lebih kasar daripada kesopanan Franco-Britannic ini . . . Saya mengakui yang saya
menulis dengan harga dia, saya mempamerkan, bukan supaya harga menjadi jelas untuk pertama peserta,
untuk saya merupakan untuk bangsawan tanpa perbezaan, oleh itu tanpa kekasaran, untuk sebuah
demokrasi paksaan untuk harga tertinggi, anda perlu membayar harga untuk membaca harga dipamerkan
(Circumfession 62 3)
Nama /Name: Philip Cortelyou Johnson
Lahir /Birth: 8 July 1906 (Cleveland, Ohio)
Meninggal/Death : 25 January 2005
Isteri /wife : David Whitney
Pendidikan/Education : Hackley School di Tarrytown,
New York.
: siswazah di Harvard
(sejarah dan falsafah)
: Graduate School Design.
Pengasasa /Main interests: Department Architecture and
Design di MoMA
Anugerah /award : Amerika Institute Architects Gold
Medal.
: First Pritzker Architecture
Prize pada1979.
Idea penting/Notable ideas : Deconstruction·
: Différance 
KRONOLOGI : Phallogocentrism
1928 - Bertemuan arkitek Bauhaus Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
1930- 1978 - Pengasas Department Architecture dan Design di MoMA.
1932 - Mempekenalkan ‘gaya antarabangsa’
1979 - Amerika Institute Architects Gold Medal dan pertama
- Pritzker Architecture Prize.
THE GLASS HOUSE
Ciri-ciri itu empat belas buah struktur, satu koleksi yang
utama seni kontemporari, dan sebuah lanskap Amerika yang
moden. Rumah Kaca berkhidmat sebagai satu kajian yang seni
bina separuh kedua abad kedua puluh mempamerkan pembaharuan
dalam bidang seni bina moden daripada setiap dekad kerjaya
Johnson yang menjadi sejarah. Johnson didermakan Rumah Kaca
untuk Keyakinan Negara untuk Historic Preservation dalam

THE GLASS HOUSE


1986, mengekalkan satu harta pusaka.
THE GLASS HOUSE
T G
H
E L
A
S
THE GLASS HOUSE S

H
O
U
S
E
Garden Grove Church
"Arkitek-arkitek menjelang mereka pengalaman yang
banyak dengan habluran bentuk-bentuk dan kaca
diliputi galeri, serta dengan auditoriums. Gagasan
adalah untuk mendapatkan rapat orang kepada
prestasi sebagai mungkin, tersangat, sebagai John
Burgee meletakkan ia, 'kita squished ruang ibu dan
mengeluarkan trancept.' Diterjemahkan ke dalam

Garden Grove Church


rendah geometri-geometri, ia menjadi satu empat
tajam bintang, dengan balkoni-balkoni arca bebas
dalam tiga mata dan timur gereja pada suku
Garden Grove Church
G G
a r
r o
D v
e e
Garden Grove Church n
h
C
H
U
R
C
h
Lain-lain Rekaan

Munson-Williams-Proctor
Arts Institute (1919)
Architect:
The Seagram Building Philip
Johnson
(1957) :
Architect
Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig; Johnson,
Philip
COOP HIMMELBLAU
Coop Himmelb(l)au (1968) adalah firma
yang berkerjasama dalam rekaan senibina
terutaman di Vienna, Austria dan
sekarang juga terdapat sehingga kini
perjabat di Los Angales, united States
dan Guadalajara, Mexico. Nama firma
Himmeldlau dalam bahasa Jerman kepada
bahasa English adalah ‘langit biru’.

COOP HIMMELBLAU
Himmelblau yang adalah bermaksud ‘surga
pembinaan’. Manakala Coop dalam tajuk
disebut pada kebiasaan perniaga sebut
adalah Cooperative, co-op. Coop
Himmelblau telah dibawa oleh Wolf Prix,
Helmut Swiczinsky dan Michael Holzer .

Coop Himmelb ( l ) au (1968-) is a cooperative


architectural design firm primarily located in
Vienna, Austria and which now also maintains
offices in Los Angeles, United States and
Guadalajara, Mexico. The firm's name Himmelblau
translates from German into English as 'sky blue',
Himmelbau translates to 'heaven construction'. The
term Coop in the title is pronounced as is the
business abbreviation for cooperative, co-op. Coop
Himmelblau was founded by Wolf Prix, Helmut
Swiczinsky and Michael Holzer .
Nama /Name: Helmut Swiczinsky
Lahir /Birth: 1944
Pendidikan/Education : Technical University di Vienna.
: Architectural Association
di London.
KRONOLOGI
1968 - membuka Coop Himmelblau
1973 - Helmut Swiczinsky adalah satu profesor
pelawat di Architectural Association
1983 - mereka Struktur Bumbung baru
‘Schuppichlegal Practice’ (400 mp attic ).
“A balance of Open and close surfaces.
1988-2011 - Pejabat kedua di Los Angeles, California.
- Ahli di ‘European Academy of Science and
Art.
Nama /Name: Wolf Dieter Prix
Lahir /Birth: 1942
Pendidikan/Education : Technical University di
Vienna.
: Southern California
Institute of
Architecture (SCI-Arc)
: Architectural
Association di London.
KRONOLOGI
1984 - Professor di Architectural
Association di London.
1990 - Professor diHarvard University
Cambridge, Massachusetts .
- Masterclass of Architecture di
University of Applied Art di Vienna
- Southern California Institute of
Architecture di Los Angeles.
Arteplage Biel

Arteplage Biel
BMW Welt, Munich Germany

BMW Welt
Figurasi Open House Malibu

Figurasi Open House


Malibu
Rooftop Remodeling Falkestrass

Rooftop Remodeling
Falkestrass
DECONSTRUCTIVISM

GENERASI
DECONSTRUCTIVIS
Of M
GENERATION
Nama /Name: Bernard Tschumi
Lahir /Birth: 25 Januari 1944 (Lausanne, Switzerland)
kacukan French dan Swiss
Pendidikan/Education : Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule
di Zurich.
memperolehi degree dalam architecture
pada 1969
: Architectural Association
School
Architecture di London
: the Institute for Architecture
and Urban Studies di New York,
: Columbia University .
: Graduate School of
Architecture, Planning and
Preservation from 1988 to 2003.
: Phd di Advanced Architectural
Design
Lain-lain /others : Juara pertandingan Parc de la Villette ,
Paris.
: pencetus idea "architectonic
notation“.
: pencetus idea "form follows
fiction“.
Antara Rekaanya

Antara Rekaanya
The Paul Cejas School of New acropolis museum
Architecture Building at Florida
International University in Miami,
Florida.

Alfred Lerner Hall


Projek akan datang
Antara Rekaanya

Limoges concert hall


Nama /Name: Frank Owen Gehry
Lahir /Birth: 28 February 1929 (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)-
Pendidikan/Education : Los Angeles City College
: University of Southern
California's School of
Architecture 1954.
: Harvard Graduate School of
Design
Lain-lain /others : Pereka piala hoki “World Cup of Hockey”.
Anugerah /award : National Medal of Arts
: Order of Canada
: Pritzker Architecture Prize, LA.
Antara Rekaanya

Antara Rekaanya
Guggenheim Museum Fisher di Bard College
di Bilbao, Spain

Santa Monica
California

Walt Disney Concert Hall Weisman Art Museum


Antara Rekaanya

Prague Dancing House

Experience Music

PBLewis
Akron Art Museum

Akron Art Museum


Akron Art Museum

Akron
Akron Art
Art Museum
Museum
Akron Art Museum
Nama /Name: Daniel Libeskind
Lahir /Birth: 12 May 1946 di (Poland)
Pendidikan/Education : Los Angeles City College
: University of Southern
California's School of
Architecture 1954.
: Harvard Graduate School of
Design
Lain-lain /others : Pereka piala hoki “World Cup of
Hockey”.
Anugerah /award : National Medal of Arts
: Order of Canada
: Pritzker Architecture Prize, LA.
Antara Rekaanya

Bern, Switzerland

Antara Rekaanya
Glass Building The Light from
Jewish Museum di
Berlin Within

the spiral extension to the


victoria & albert museum,
london. facade.
Imperial War Museum North, Facade for Hyundai Development
Manchester Corporation Headquarters
Antara Rekaanya

Mallorca, Spain extension to the Denver art museum

Zlota project for the new world trade center,


Nama /Name: Rem Koolhaas
Lahir /Birth: 17 November 1944 (Rotterdam, Netherlands)
Pendidikan/Education : Graduate School of Design
di Harvard University
:
Architectural Association School of

Architecture in London
: Cornell University in
New York
: Institute
for Architecture and Urban
Studies in
New York
Antara Rekaanya

Antara Rekaanya
Prada, Beverly Hills

Seattle Central Library Netherlands Embassy in


Berlin, Germany

Casa da Música,
Porto, Portugal
Green Line train
Nama /Name: Peter Eisenman
Lahir /Birth: 11 August 1932 (Newark, New Jersey)
Pendidikan/Education : Cornell University
: Bachelor of Architecture
Degree, Cornell.
: Master of Architecture
Degree
from Columbia
University's
: University of
Cambridge
: Syracuse
University School of Architecture
Antara Rekaanya

Antara Rekaanya six-building City of


Culture of Galicia in
Santiago de
Compostable, Spain.

London, Yale University


Nama /Name: Zaha Hadid
Lahir /Birth: 31 Oktober 1950 (Baghdad, Iraq)
Pendidikan/Education : Universiti Amerika Beirut.
: Architectural Association Schoo
Architecture di London
: Graduate School Design.
Pensyarah /lecturer : Architectural Association.
: Sekolah Siswazah Design.
: Universiti Harvard.
: University of Illinois School
Architecture di Chicago.
: Hamburg, Knolton School Architectur
: University, Masters Studio d
Columbia University.
: Architectural Design di Yal
University, New Haven
Anugerah /award : The Peak Club di Hong Kong (1983).
: Cardiff Bay house Opera Di Wales (1994).
: Pritzker Architecture Prize.
: Hadiah Nobel.
: Guggenheim Museum di New York.
Antara Rekaanya
Antara Rekaanya

Antara Rekaanya
Middle east centre oxford Vitra fire station, Weil am Rhein,
Germany

the civil courts of justice in Madrid Nordpark cable railway


Antara Rekaanya

Abu Dhabi
arts centre
Museum
transport
Glasgow

Guangzhou
opera house

lilium_tower
Directed By
En. Ramu A/L Vellusamy

Story By
Muhammad Lutfi B. Yahya
01BSB07F2009

TAMAT Design Animations By


Muhammad Syawal Bin AB. Malik
01BSB07F2010

Music By
Norhissham B. Mohd Arshad
01BSB07F2011

Edited By
Faliq Razin Bin Alias
01BSB07F2031