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WATER SUPPLY AND

SEWER SYSTEM
DESIGN
Anthony Fang
Kirsten Rice
Viv Pitter
Ryan Williams
Jeremy Molayem

ZONE
AREAS

ZONE POPULATION
Residential
Area: 66.281 acres
Population Density: 40 people/acre
Population: 2652 people

Industrial
Area: 3.2881 acres
Population Density: 20 people/acre
Population: 66 people

Commercial
Area: 5.3375 acres
Use: 10 hours per weekday

I. WATER SUPPLY
SYSTEM

DEMAND
Residential
Average consumption: 2.652 x 10 5 gpd
Peak day consumption: 5.304 x 10 5 gpd
Peak hour consumption: 1.608 x 10 6 gpd

Industrial
Weekday consumption: 1.44 x 10 6 gal/day
Peak hour consumption:1.8 x 10 5 gal/hr

Commercial
Average fl ow rate: 17.5 gpm
Peak day fl ow rate: 35 gpm

FIRE FLOW
Fire fl ow is calculated based on the equation
NFF=(Oi)(Ci)[1.0+(X+P)i]
Q = 5200 gpm (10 hour duration) = 3.124 x 10 6
gpd
Total fl ow for max day and Fire fl ow
Q t o t a l = 2.38x10 6 + 3.124x10 6 = 5.50 x 10 6 gpd

WATER DISTRIBUTION MAP WITH


OUTFALLS

DISTRIBUTION LAYOUT

DISTRIBUTION STORAGE
System B Pumping station to major center of
demand with an elevated storage tank between the
supply and demand
Average Day = 1.7 mgd.
Max Day = 1.7 mgd x 1.5 = 2.55 mgd
Peak hour = 2.55 mgd x 1.5 = 3.83 mgd
Max day + Fire fl ow = 5.5 mgd

DISTRIBUTION STORAGE

Demand Rate

Calculation

Pumping Head

Average Day (1.7


mgd)

115 + (0.67 x 19)

128 ft

Max. Day. (2.55


mgd)

115 + (1.42 x 19)

142 ft

Max. Hour. (3.83


mgd)

115 + (3.0 x 19)

172 ft

Max day + fire =


(5.5 mgd)

115 + (6.1 x 19)

231 ft

PIPING SYSTEM INFORMATION


Total Length of Pipe ~ 19,000 feet
Pipe Material = ductile iron (C = 140)
Diameter: 12-14 in
Water Tower Head 310 ft
Pump Head 305 ft
Worst Case: Pump Failure
Pressure low: 28.84 psi, high: 40.21 psi

PUMP DESIGN
HP=QxH/(3960*n)
Q= 3606 GPM
H=305ft
n=65%
HP=427.28
500 HP pump needed.
Two pumps (one standby)

FIRE HYDRANT LOCATIONS


Fire hydrants are to be located 300 feet apart on each
street and 150 feet apart in high value zones.

II. SEWER SYSTEM

SEWER DESIGN

SEWER DESIGN
For Commercial and Residential
25 F.U. => 40 gpm x 3 (Restaurants) = 120 gpm
10 F.U. => 30 gpm x 2 (Offi ces) = 60 gpm
Total = 180 gpm

For Industry = (3000gpm) x (70%) = 2100 gpm


For Residential = (Max Hourly Use) x 70% = Sewage
Flow

SEWER DESIGN
Summary

III. STORMWATER
SYSTEM

STORM DATA

STORM SEWER DESIGN


Design Criteria

Value (Minimum)

Value (Maximum)

Flow Velocity

3 ft/s

15 ft/s

Slope

0.02%

10%

Depth of Cover

5 ft below surface

N/A

Diameter

1 ft

N/A

Roughness Coefficient

N/A

N = 0.013

Capacity*

N/A

, 0.75

Horizontal Distance
from Drinking Water
Lines**

10 ft

N/A

Vertical Distance from


Utilities**

1 ft

Pipe Material

PVC for Diameter les

*ratio of flow depth to full depth


**from Haestad Methods, Stormwater Conveyance Modeling and Design
Design Restrictions
Hydraulic Gradient Line should be below surface elevation at all times.
Curved Storm Sewers are unacceptable (maintenance problems)
Depth of cover should be at least 5 ft in order to prevent crushing of pipes due to loads.

CONDUITS EXCEEDING DESIGN


CAPACITY

CONDUITS OVERCAPACITY AT 21
INCHES

CONDUITS OVERCAPACITY AT 24
INCHES

CONDUITS OVERCAPACITY AT 27
INCHES

DESIGN SATISFIED, ALL CAPACITY <


0.75

DESIGN CRITERION: 3FPS < VELOCITY


<15FPS

DESIGN CRITERION, 0.2% < SLOPE


<10%

CONDUIT DIAMETER

CONDUIT FLOW

HYDRAULIC PROFILES

HYDRAULIC PROFILES

HYDRAULIC PROFILES

SUMMARY

DISTRIBUTION DESIGN (SCENARIO


1)
Worst Case Scenario
Pump Failure, distribution only from water tower
Water tower height 310 ft
Pump head = 0 ft

Pressure
High- 40.21 psi
Low- 28.84 psi

DISTRIBUTION DESIGN (SCENARIO


2)
Water Tower Failure, supply only from pump
Water tower head = 0 ft
Pump head = 305 ft
Pressure
High: 44.99 psi
Low: 30.52 psi

DISTRIBUTION DESIGN (SCENARIO


3)
Best Case
Elevated Storage Tank -310 ft
Pumping Reservoir- Total head about 305 ft

Pressure High- 45.89 psi


Low- 33.01 psi