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# DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS

LIMITS

PROBLEM NO.1
Evaluate the limit in each of the following:
(a)
(b)
(c)

(d)

PROBLEM NO. 1
(e)
(f)
(g)

(h)
(i)

DERIVATIVES

PROBLEM NO. 2
What is the first derivative of the expression (xy) x
= e?

PROBLEM NO. 3
Find dy/dx, given y = (u2-1) / (u2+1) and u =
(x2+2)1/3.

PROBLEM NO. 4
A point moves along the curve y = x3-3x+5 so that
x=1/2 t1/2 + 3, where t is time. At what rate of y
when t = 4?

PROBLEM NO. 5
Find the value of y at the point (1,-1) of the curve
x2y + 3y 4 = 0.

## TANGENTS AND NORMAL

PROBLEM NO. 5
Find the equations of the tangent and normal to y
= x3 2x2+ 4 at (2, 4).

PROBLEM NO. 6
Find the equations of the tangents with slope -2/9
to the ellipse 4x2 + 9y2 = 40.

PROBLEM NO. 7
Find the acute angles of intersection of the curves
(1) y2=4x and (2) 2x2=12-5y.

PROBLEM NO. 8
A cable of a certain suspension bridge is attached
to supporting pillars 250 ft apart. If it hangs in
the form of a parabola with the lowest point 50 ft
below the point of suspension, find the angle
between the cable and the pillar.

PROBLEM NO. 9
Locate the points of inflection of the curve y = f(x)
= x 2 ex .

PROBLEM NO. 10
If the curve 2 + 12x x3, find the critical points.

PROBLEM NO. 11
Find the radius of curvature of a parabola y2 4x
= 0 at point (4,4).

PROBLEM NO. 12
Find the radius of curvature of at any point in the
curve y + ln cos x = 0.

## MAXIMA AND MINIMA

PROBLEM NO. 13
Divide the number 120 into two parts such that
the product P of one part and the square of the
other is maximum.

PROBLEM NO. 14
A sheet of paper for a poster is to be 18 ft2 in area.
The margins at the top and bottom are to be 9 in.
wide, and at the side 6 in. What would be the
dimensions of the sheet to maximize the printed
area?

PROBLEM NO. 15
At 9AM ship B is 65 mi due east of another ship
A. Ship B is then sailing due west at 10 mi/h, and
A is sailing due south at 15 mi/h. If they continue
on their respective courses, when will they be
nearest one another, and how near?

PROBLEM NO. 16
Find the dimensions of the right circular cone of
minimum volume V that can be circumscribed

PROBLEM NO. 17
A wall of a building is to be braced by a beam
which must pass over a parallel wall 10 ft high
and 8 ft from the building. Find the length L of
the shortest beam that can be used.

RECTILINEAR AND

PROBLEM NO. 18
A body moves along a straight line according to
the law s = 1/2t3 2t. Determine its velocity and
acceleration at the end of 2 seconds.

PROBLEM NO. 19
A stone, projected vertically upward with initial
velocity 112 ft/sec, moves according to s = 112t
-16t2, where s is the distance from the starting
point. Compute (a) the velocity and acceleration
when t = 3 and when t = 4, and (b) the greatest
height reached. (c) When will its height be 96 ft?

PROBLEM NO. 20
A particle rotates counterclockwise from rest
according to = t3/50 t, where is in radians
and t in seconds. Calculate the angular
displacement, angular velocity and the angular
acceleration at the end of 10 seconds.

RELATED RATES

PROBLEM NO. 21
Gas is escaping from a spherical balloon at the
rate of 2 ft3/min. How fast is the surface area
shrinking when the radius is 12 ft?

PROBLEM NO. 22
Water is running out of a conical funnel at the
rate of 1 in3/sec. If the radius of the base of the
funnel is 4 in and the altitude is 8 in, find the rate
at which the water level is dropping when it is 2
in from the top?

PROBLEM NO. 23
A statue 3 m high is standing on a base of 4 m
high. If an observers eye is 1.5 m above the
ground, how far should he stand from the base in
order that the angle subtended by the statue is a
maximum.

PROBLEM NO. 24
A balloon is released from the ground 100 meters
from an observer. The balloon rises directly
upward at the rate of 4 meters per second. How
fast is the balloon receding from the observer 10
seconds later?

PROBLEM NO. 25
A standard cell has an emf E of 1.2 V. If the
resistance R of the circuit is increasing at the
rate of 0.03 ohm/sec, at what rate is the current
I changing at the instant when the resistance is
6 ohms?