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Chapter 15

Diagnostic Procedures
and Pharmacology
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Overview of Structures,
Combining Forms, and Functions

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Basic Diagnostic Procedures

Vital signs
Auscultation
Palpation and percussion
Basic examination instruments
Basic examination positions

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Laboratory Tests
Blood tests
Urinalysis

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Endoscopy
Visual examination
Endoscopic surgery

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Imaging Techniques

Radiography (x-ray)
Computerized tomography (CT)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Fluoroscopy
Diagnostic ultrasound

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Nuclear Medicine
Utilizes radioactive substances for both
diagnosis and treatment purposes.

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Radiographic Projections
and Positioning
Projections
Positioning
Basic radiographic projections

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Terms Related to Pharmacology

Addiction
Adverse drug reaction (side effect)
Compliance
Contraindication
Drug interaction

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Terms Related to Pharmacology

Palliative
Paradoxical drug reaction
Placebo
Idiosyncratic reaction
Potentiation (synergism)

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Animations

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging

[Insert MRI animation]

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Laparoscopic Examination

[Insert Laparoscopic Examination animation]

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Types of Injections

[Insert Injections animation]

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Palpation or Percussion?

[Insert Palpation Percussion animation]

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Radiography Compared
with Tomography

[Insert Radiography Compared with Tomography


animation]

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AnswerstoLearningExercises

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Chapter 15 Answers
Matching Word Parts 1
15.1. lapar/o
15.2. albumin/o
15.3. calc/i
15.4. creatin/o
15.5. glycos/o

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Matching Word Parts 2


15.6. -centesis
15.7. hemat/o
15.8. -otomy
15.9. -graphy
15.10. son/o

Chapter 15 Answers
Matching Word Parts 3
15.11. -scopy
15.12. radi/o
15.13. -uria
15.14. phleb/o
15.15. -scope

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Definitions
15.16. lateral
15.17. speculum
15.18. computed
tomography
15.19. platelet count
15.20. ultrasonography

Chapter 15 Answers
Definitions
15.21. calciuria
15.22. C-reactive protein
15.23. dorsal recumbent
15.24. bruit
15.25. acetone

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Matching Techniques
15.26. CT
15.27. x-rays
15.28. centesis
15.29. fluoroscopy
15.30. MRI

Chapter 15 Answers
Which Word?
15.31. idiosyncratic
15.32. Positron emission
15.33. radiopaque
15.34. intraoral
15.35. brand name

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Spelling Counts
15.36. auscultation
15.37. sphygmomanometer
15.38. fluoroscopy
15.39. contraindication
15.40. ophthalmoscope

Chapter 15 Answers
Abbreviation
Identification
15.41. erythrocyte
sedimentation rate
15.42. nothing by mouth
15.43. as needed
15.44. temperature,
pulse, respiration
15.45. white blood count
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Term Selection
15.46. pericardiocentesis
15.47. hematuria
15.48. anteroposterior
15.49. anti-inflammatory
15.50. parenteral

Chapter 15 Answers
Sentence Completion
15.51. projection
15.52. stridor
15.53. phlebotomist
15.54. otoscope
15.55. addiction

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Word Surgery
15.56. tympan/o,
-centesis
15.57. cine-, radi/o,
-graphy
15.58. ech/o, cardi/o,
-graphy
15.59. bacteri, -uria
15.60. pharmac, -ology

Chapter 15 Answers
True/False
15.61. False
15.62. True
15.63. False
15.64. False
15.65. True

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Clinical Conditions
15.66. pyuria
15.67. white blood
15.68. hypothermia
15.69. palpation
15.70. crossmatch

Chapter 15 Answers
Clinical Conditions
15.71. barium
15.72. transesophageal
15.73. prone
15.74. glycosuria
15.75. percussion

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Which Is the Correct


Medical Term?
15.76. adverse
15.77. creatinuria
15.78. periapical
15.79. MRI
15.80. lithotomy

Chapter 15 Answers
Challenge Word
Building
15.81. hypoproteinemia
15.82. hyperalbuminemia
15.83. hyperglycosuria
15.84. cystoscope
15.85. pyuria

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15.86. pleurocentesis
15.87. hypocalcemia
15.88. hypercalciuria
15.89. pyemia
15.90. hyperproteinuria

Chapter 15 Answers
Labeling Exercises
15.91. prone
15.92. horizontal
15.93. knee-chest
15.94. dorsal
15.95. lithotomy

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15.96. Sims
15.97. intramuscular
15.98. subcutaneous
15.99. intravenous
15.100. intradermal