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CONTRACEPTIVES

BY: JONI CANTRELL, STEPHANIE DURAN, PAUL FRANCIS,


KATELYN KELLEY AND DESIREE MEDINA

NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS


There are four types of natural family planning methods

Calendar or Rhythm Method


Standard or Days Method
Cervical mucus and Two-day method
Symptothermal Method.
(McKinney pg. 751-752) KK

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF


NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS
Advantages

Disadvantages

Safe and reasonably effective in preventing pregnancy

Can help you get pregnant by knowing fertile days

Inexpensive and do not require an office visit

Partners must agree and cooperate

No side effects

(hhs.gov)

No protection against STDs

Fertility tracking takes time and effort each day

Viral infections can increase basal body temperature.

(hhs.gov)
KK

ABSTINENCE
Abstinence is the avoidance of sexual intercourse and any activity that may allow

sperm to enter the vagina.


May be preformed for religious reasons
Periodic abstinence is used by women using natural family planning methods
A nursing measure should be to educate students on ways to maintain a goal of

abstinence.

(McKinney 752) KK

LEAST RELIABLE METHODS OF


CONTRACEPTIVES
Breastfeeding
Coitus Interruptions
Women most commonly use unreliable
methods of contraceptives due to lack of
education.
(McKinney 752) KK

ELECTIVE TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY


Elective termination of pregnancy is a personal choice
and is a major ethical issue in todays society.
Also termed induced abortion
Technique of abortion depends on length of gestation
Medication and surgical techniques.
(McKinney 788) KK

GUIDELINES FOR SELF CARE AFTER


ELECTIVE TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY
WHAT WOMEN WANT TO KNOW
Normal activities may be resumed, but strenuous work or exercise should be avoided for a few days.

Bleeding or cramping may occur for a week or two. If either becomes severe, medical advice
should be sought. Light spotting may occur for approximately a month.

Sanitary pads should be used instead of tampons for the first week after the abortion to avoid
possible infection.

To prevent infection, douching should be avoided for at least 1 week. Ask the health care provider
for advice about whether douching should be continued at all.

Intercourse should be curtailed for 1 week after the abortion because of the possibility of infection
until the uterine lining heals.

Birth control measures should be used if sex is resumed before menstruation begins because it is
possible to become pregnant during this time. Menstruation usually resumes in 4 to 6 weeks.

Temperature should be taken twice a day to detect possible infection; a temperature more than
37.8 C (100 F) should be reported to the health care provider.

It is important to keep the follow-up appointment in 2 weeks.

RESOURCES
Stranger-Hall, K and Hall, D. (2011). Abstinence-Only Education and Teen
Pregnancy Rates: Why We
Need Comprehensive Sex Education in the U.S..
PLoS ONE. 6(10). 12 retrieved from.
journals.plos.org/plosone/article?
id=10.1371%2Fjournal.prone.0024658
Author unknown. (2012). Fertility Awareness (Natural Family Planning) The Facts.
Retrieved from.
www.hhs.gov/opa/pdfs/natural-family-planning-fact-sheet.pdf
McKinney, E., James, S., Murry, S., Nelson, K., Ashwill, J. (2012). Maternal-Child
Nursing 4th Ed.
St. Louis MO. Elsevier, Saunders.