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Presentation

on Concept Delivery
Concept :
Solution of Quadratic Equation

PRIOR KNOWLEDGE

Quadratic equation in one variable


Standard form of quadratic equation

THE AIM
To teach the students how to solve a quadratic
equation.

INTRODUCTION
Some questions will be asked to check if the students know
Q.

What is a quadratic equation?

Q.

What is the standard form of quadratic equation?

Q.

Which of the following are quadratic equation?

x2 3 5

mx 2 4 0

x 23

x 8 2

2x
4
3

Next the following equations will be given to write in standard form


y2
3 x 4 5Z
4 16 y
3
3 2 5
2
16 x 4 4 x 2
x x 0
7
14 the
7 following two equations:
Now the class will be told to consider
2

z ( z 1) 0

(i )

Q. What do( ythe


2)equations
( y 3) represent?
(ii )
A. These represent product of linear factors.

Q. For what values of z is equation (i) true?


A. z = 0 or z = 1
Q. For what values of y is the equation (ii) true?
A. y = 2 or y = -3
Q. We thus got two values of variables satisfying the given
equation. So these are the solutions of the given equation. So
solution set of the given equations are {0,1} and {2,-3}

The class will now be told that they will now begin the study
of the solution of quadratic equation.

The topic SOLUTION OF QUADRATIC EQUATION will


be written on the board.

DEVELOPMENT
CONCEPT:
Solution of Quadratic Equations
DLO:
The students will understand the technique to solve
the quadratic equations.

TREATMENT AND PROCEDURE


The class will be asked to consider the equation
x 2 7 x 12 0

(iii )

Let us find the solution of the quadratic equation


Q. How should we proceed?
A. Let us factorize the given equation
Q. How will you factorize x2 + 7x + 12 = 0
A. It can be factorized by splitting the middle term into two terms
x2 + 4x + 3x + 12 = 0
Q. What will be the next step?
A. x (x + 4) + 3 (x + 4) = 0
(x + 4) (x + 3) = 0

or

Q. Now how will you proceed?


x + 3 = 0 or x + 4 = 0
Q. Which two values of x satisfy these two equations?
A. x = -3 , x = -4

Tell the class now that -3 and -4 is the solution of given


equation and it is written as {-3, -4}

Tell the class now we look at the principles that govern the
solution of quadratic equation
Q. What must be our first step
A. The equation must be in standard form
Q. Suppose the following equation
z2 + 13 = 4z

Q.
A.
Q.
A.

Q.
A.
Q.
A.
Q.
A.

Is it in the standard form?


No
Why
Because 4z must be on the left side of the equation
Now look at the following equation
5x2 + x -3 = 0
Can you factorize this equation?
No
Why
Because the middle term cannot be splitted into two terms
What are the essential rules to find the solution of quadratic equation?
(a) The equation must be in standard form
(b) If the coefficients of an equation are fractions then convert them in standard
form by multiplying the equation with the L.C.M of the denominators.

BOARD SUMMARY
1.

What is the basic rule to solve the quadratic equation?

2.

What are the root of the equation?

3. Why do we need to have a quadratic equation in standard


form?

RECAPITULATION
1.

2.
3.

Teacher will go through the main points and students


will be asked if they have understood everything we
discussed.
Anything that they like to be revised, will be revised.
On green signal from the class next step of the lesson
will be taken up.

CONSOLIDATION
Q.1

Solve

2y2 + 5y -3 = 0

Q.2

1 2 3
x x 20
Solve 2
2

HOMEWORK

Ex 1.10 (Page 36)


Q.1 (ii), Q.2 (iii), Q.3 (viii)

CONCLUSION
Today we have discussed the method to solve quadratic
equation by factorization.
Next time we will try to learn the other methods to solve
the quadratic equations.