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RHiNOPHALT

Asphalt Preservation for Road


ASI Solutions Ltd

Why do roads fail ?


1. Oxidisation and embrittlement
2. Water ingress
3. Traffic wear and Loading
4. Sub-standard material failure
5. Poor quality workmanship
Preservatives are currently used at both ends of the
asphalt lifecycle, though best value will be gained from a
planned, whole life approach.

Pavement Deterioration

Many problems that develop within asphalt pavements can


be attributed to the oxidisation of the oils in the asphalt
binder and water penetration.
Water, through chemical reaction is an asphalt pavements
greatest enemy, causing the breakdown of the pavement
structure.

These problems can be greatly reduced with a conscientious


and timely programme of preservation surface treatments.

Bitumen Oxidation

Oxidation = exposure to air, UV and


water, ages the bitumen
Bitumen oxidises as soon as the
asphalt is mixed and installed
This continues during the life of the
asphalt, as it is exposed to the
atmosphere

Current Situation

a.
b.
.
.
.

Expressway and highway are designed to last 20 - 30 years


Quality of bitumen will continue to deteriorate
Global warning will continue and create:
More extreme temperature
Heavier rainfall
Increase in the use of polymer modified bitumen
Annual monitoring using pavement condition index, PCI
Maintenance, in some cases, are delayed due to lack of
funds
Mill off certain thickness of the pavement surface every 5 6
years and repave

What is RHiNOPHALT?
RHiNOPHALT is a cold, spray applied material which
penetrates into the surface, sealing in essential oils, and
waterproofing the surface course, thus prolonging the life of
the pavement.
It is not a rejuvenator. It is not a microsurface.
CE Marked and BBA HAPAS approved for UK high speed
network since 2007
Applied successfully on high speed and urban roads, airport
runway and taxiways and automotive test tracks
11 million m2 treated worldwide including UK, Germany, France
and China

How RHiNOPHALT Works


Rhinophalt penetrates into the
surface to provide a protective
seal which:
Weathering

1.

Seals in essential oils and resins

2.

Improves retention of aggregate

3.

Reduces permeability of the


surface course.
Independent testing procedures
can and have proven these
claims

NO PRESERVATION

Oxidisation

How preservative works on roads

Penetrates and sits at the top few


mm - varies dependant on type of
material

Forms a weather resistant


membrane at the surface. Stops the
escape of lighter bitumen
components, seals against water
ingress

More resistant to wear than new


bitumen

Arrests further deterioration of the


road surface

Preservation over time

Greatest benefit as early life treatment, but


can also work as end of life extender
Preservation
Surface Dressing
Micro Surface
Rejuvenation
Patch
Repave
Recycle

1 to 2 Yrs
2 to 5 Yrs

5 to 6 Yrs

6 to 7 Yrs

7 to 8 Yrs

8 to 12 Yrs

Nil

Nil

Preventative maintenance at
this stage $ $

Nil

Nil
Reactive Maintenance

Remove and Replace

Expensive
resurfacing

$$$$$$

Preservation Earlier treatment =


Better Results
No Treatments Natural decline in condition

Preservation whilst condition is Good to Excellent

YEARS

Preventative Maintenance

13
Road Asset Management, ERF 2013

Surface Treatment Comparison


Preservati
ve

Rejuvenat
or

Seal
Coat

Micro /
Slurry

Surface
Dressing

Asphalt
overlay

Mill &
Pave

(RHiNOPHAL
T)

Seals & Penetrates

Increase in Road
Height

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Impact on Skid
Resistance

None

None

None

Increase

Increase

Increase

Increase

Impact on Surface
Texture

None

Reduce

None

Reduce

Reduce

Increase

Increase

Low Speed Road


High Speed Road
Airfield Runway
Airfield Taxiway

Corrects minor
imperfections

Both

Day

Day

Day

Day

Both

Both

<2 hours

4 hours+

4 hours

2 hours

2 hours

2 hours

2 hours

Day/Night application
Suitable for Porous
Asphalt
Curing Before
Trafficking
2

Preservative Vs Rejuvenator

Preservatives penetrate far enough into the


surface to seal it and coat the bituminous mortar
to maintain the binder in its current condition

Rejuvenators alter the binder properties in the


surface layer which softens the surface binder
and can create a risk of rutting and texture loss

Rejuvenation Considerations
Powerful solution of maltenes

1.

Careful use needed as spray applied surface


treatment

2.

3.

Overdosing can cause loss of surface texture,


flushing and rutting
Very useful in:

Hot in-place recycling treatments

Hot aggregate recycling methodology

SAMI type systems under development

Rhinophalt Application Process

Applied by a tanker spray truck

Rapid application process delivering between 20-30,000


m2 of product per shift

Vehicle operates at 6-8 km/h

Drying time of max. 2 hours allows re-lining and joint


repair within the same closure

Grit or a metal brush sweeper maintains skid resistance

Protecting Bitumen Properties


RHiNOPHALT seals in the essential oils and resins, and
improves the binding and waterproofing properties of the
existing surface.
The sealing of the surface dramatically slows down the
oxidisation of the asphalt surface, helping retain the bitumen
properties for longer.

AberconwayRoad-PenResults
40

35

30

25

20

15

10

POST2011 - UNTREATED
CONTROLAREASFAILEDAND
HAVEBEENRESURFACED.

19

0
2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

Treated 2002

2006

2007

2008

Treated 2002 & 2009

2009

2010

Untreated

2011

2012

Surface FailureLine

2013

2014

2015

Surface Characteristics
Visuals from Aberconway Road, LB of Merton

December 2008 7 years old.


6 years after treatment

December 2008 7 years old


Untreated

February 2010 10 years old


1 year after 2nd treatment

February 2010 10 years old


untreated & 3 years old

UK Road Customers
UK Highways (M40)
Connect Roads (A50, A30/A35,
M1/M62)
Connect Plus (A1(M) & M11)
Roadlink UK (A69)
Laing Infrastructure (Sirhowy Way)

Newcastle City Council


Hampshire County Council
Manchester MBC
London Borough of Merton
Wirral MBC

International Road Projects

Germany A9 Autobahn, Bavaria


China G15, Ningbo Eastern Ring Road
India NH-8 Gomti-Beawar, SH41
Ahmedabad-Mehsana
Malaysia DUKE, MEX Highways, KL City
Council, Putrajaya
Singapore Land Transport Authority
Spain A4, A17, M30, M300

Major Customers Test Tracks

Testing methodologies developed to


demonstrate performance properties

Reduced permeability

On-site drop head permeameter testing

Reduced stone loss

Treated and untreated cores subjected to scuffing test using offset


wheel tracker

Delayed binder deterioration

Accelerated weathering cabinet simulates relative impact over time

Binder recovery on treated and untreated cores demonstrates impact


on PEN, softening point and cohesion.

Retention of skid and texture characteristics

Skid readings carried out before and after application

Resistance to Water Penetration


M40 N/B MP130/4 to 130/8
Hydraulic Conductivity Testing
carried out by Scott Wilson to BS DD229

Chart Title

Hydraulic Conductivity (m.s-1)

Retention of Aggregate and Fines


Thin Surfacing - Highway
After Scuffing 3000 passes @60C

Untreated

Treated

Retention of Aggregate and Fines

ASSET MANAGEMENT

We have the experience to model the life of a road


surface.
Asset management
No 1 - Look after and protect what we have now to get
the best value you can from the asset

Preservation Culture
We already automatically preserve
many highway structures on
installation.
But.....
we still do not preserve & protect
the largest asset.
We tend only to repair and
resurface asphalt

Why not preserve it?

Specification

Maximum benefit for new surface or less than 2 years old

Only beneficial on a surface without significant cracking


and in reasonable structural condition (not approaching
end of life)

Surfaces not near to minimum skid level a bituminous


spray treatment will initially reduce grip

Minor patching should be completed first

Do not apply when surface is wet or below 5C

Trials should include an untreated control area for


monitoring and testing purposes.

Benefit 1 Green Environment

Reduction in Carbon foot print

Quick and single machine operation

Cold spray, thus no heating is needed

Lower requirement for raw materials. Less replaced waste


is generated.

Extended surface life yields significant reductions in carbon

footprint.

Reduction in noise pollution and dust generation

Less CO2 emission from traffic congestion caused by


prolonged road closures.

70% reduction in carbon footprint - through


extended surface life

Benefit 2 Improve in Productivity

Single machine operation


Less manpower is used
Quick process - complete 20,000 m2 per shift
Save time
Treatment at night during quieter traffic periods.
Substantial reductions in closures & congestion

Productivity improvement of at least maybe


30%

Benefit 3 Better utilization of asset

Reduced in closure time improved network


availabilty
Surfacing
Solution
Traditional
Surfacing

Duration for 6KM of


single carriageway

Duration for 12KM of


single carriageway

15 days

30 days

Rhinophalt

1 day

1 day

Better customer service and customer satisfaction


Improved revenue generation

Benefit 4 Reduction in maintenance cost

Preserved roads means less repair


Possible to achieve 40% reduction in unplanned
intervention
Further saving with lower repair costs in the long
run
Possible to achieve 30% reduction in overall
maintenance cost

Summary

Extended Pavement life


1 application can extend pavement life by up to 50%
Re-application can reduce the number of mill and pave
operations during the pavement life

Lower Maintenance Costs


It is possible to achieve up to a 30% reduction in maintenance
costs, and a 40% reduction in unplanned interventions

Improved network availability


Avoid lane availability charges

70% reduction in carbon footprint - through extended surface


life

End of Service Life

Temporarily arrest deterioration of pavement surfaces

Higher Service Levels


and Availability

Lower Cost of Ownership

Thank You
Any Questions?
Presented by Francis Tan