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Topic A: Proportional

Relationships
Lesson 3
Identifying Proportional and
Non-Proportional Relationships in Table

Topic A Overview
Lesson 1: An Experience in Relationships
as Measuring Rate
Lesson 2: Proportional Relationships
Lessons 3-4: Identifying
Proportional and Non-Proportional
Relationships in Tables
Lessons 5-6: Identifying Proportional and
Non-Proportional Relationships in Graphs

LEARNING TARGET
Lesson 3: Identifying Proportional & Non-Proportional Relationships in Tables
Today I can determine if data in a table represents a proportional or non-proportional
relationship and explain my reasoning.
STANDARDS
7.RP.2a Decide whether two quantities are
in a proportional relationship, e.g., by testing
for equivalent ratios in a table or graphing
on a coordinate plane and observing
whether the graph is a straight line through
the origin.
KEY VOCABULARY
Proportional
Constant
Constant of Proportionality

AGENDA Day 1
(10 min) Warm-Up
(5 min) Review Key Vocabulary
(10 min) Warm-Up: Babysitting
(10 min) Discussion
(5 min) Teacher Model: Example 1
(10 min) Class Model: Example 2
(10 min) Partner Model: Example 3
(10 min) Discussion
(10 min) Partner Model: Example 4
(10 min) Discussion
(5 min) Exit Ticket

Warm-Up: Day 1

Review Key Vocabulary


Proportional when two quantities simplify to
the same ratio.
Constant a quantity having a value that does
not change or vary.
Constant of Proportionality - a constant value
of the ratio of two proportional quantities.

Exercise: Babysitting
You have been hired by your neighbors to
babysit their children on Friday night. You are
paid $8 per hour. Complete the table relating
your pay to the number
of hours you
Hours Worked
Pay ($)worked.
1
2
3
4
4.5
5
6
6.5

Discussion
1. Describe the relationship between
the amount of money earned and
the number of hours worked in this
example.
2. How can multiplication and division
be used to show the earnings are
proportional to number of hours
worked?

Discussion
1. Explain how you completed the table.
2. How did you determine the pay for 4 hours?
3. How could you use the information to
determine the pay for a week in which you
worked 20 hours?
4. How many other ways can the answer be
determined?
5. If the quantities in the table were graphed,
would the point (0, 0) be on the graph? What
would mean in the context of the problem.

TEACHER MODEL: Example 1


Determine if y is proportional to x.
Justify your answer.
The table below represents the amount
of snow fall in 5 countries (in inches) to
x
hours of a recent winter
storm. y
Time (hrs)

Snowfall (in)

10

12

16

2.5

14

CLASS MODEL: Example 2


Determine if y is proportional to x.
Justify your answer.
The table below shows the relationship
between cost of renting a movie to the
x
y
number of days on rent.
Number of Days

Cost

24

PARTNER MODEL: Example 3


Determine if y is proportional to x.
Justify your answer.
The table below shows the relationship
between the amount of candy
x the total cost.
y
(pounds) bought and
Pounds

Cost

10

12

16

10

20

Discussion
1. When looking at ratios that describe two
quantities that are proportional in the same
order, do the ratios always have to be
equivalent?
2. For example, if the quantities in the table were
graphed, would point (0,0) be on the graph?
Describe what the point (0,0) would represent
in each table.
3. Do the x and y values need to go up at a
constant rate? In other words, when the x and
y values both go up at constant rate, does this
always indicate the relationship is proportional?

PARTNER MODEL: Example 4


Randy is planning to drive from New
Jersey to Florida. Randy recorded the
distance traveled and the total number
of gallons used every time he stopped
for gas.
Assume miles driven is proportional to
Gallons
Consumed
in order
Gallons
2
4
8 to 10
12
Consumed
complete the table.
Miles
Driven

54

189

216

Discussion
1. Why is it important for you to know
that miles are proportional to the
gallons used?
2. Describe the approach you used to
complete the table.
3. What is the value of the constant?
Explain how the constant was
determined.
4. Explain how to use multiplication
and division to complete the table.

Exit Ticket Day 1


1. Explain how we found the constant
of proportionality?
2. Explain how we used the constant of
proportionality to find missing
values in the table.

LEARNING TARGET
Lesson 3: Identifying Proportional & Non-Proportional Relationships in Tables
Today I can determine if data in a table represents a proportional or non-proportional
relationship and explain my reasoning.
STANDARDS
7.RP.2a Decide whether two quantities are
in a proportional relationship, e.g., by testing
for equivalent ratios in a table or graphing
on a coordinate plane and observing
whether the graph is a straight line through
the origin.
KEY VOCABULARY
Proportional
Constant
Constant of Proportionality

AGENDA Day 2
(5 min) Review Key Vocabulary
(10 min) Warm-Up: Price of Roses
(10 min) Lesson Summary
(25 min) Lesson 3 Problem Set
(30 min) Lesson 3 Quiz

Review Key Vocabulary


Proportional when two quantities simplify to
the same ratio.
Constant a quantity having a value that does
not change or vary.
Constant of Proportionality - a constant value
of the ratio of two proportional quantities.

Warm-Up: Price of Roses


The table below shows the price for
the number of roses indicated.
Number of
Roses

12

15

Price (Dollars)

18

27

36

45

1.Is the price proportional to the number of


roses? How do you know?
2.Find the cost of purchasing 30 roses.

Lesson Summary
One
quantity is proportional to a second if a constant
(number) exists such that each measure in the first
quantity multiplied by this constant gives the
corresponding measure in the second quantity.
Steps to determine if two quantities in a table are
proportional to each other:
1. For each given measure of Quantity A and Quantity
B, find the value of .
2. If the value of is the same for each pair of numbers,
then the quantities are proportional to each other.

Lesson 3 - Problem Set


1 Point
(Unsatisfactory)

Missing or
incorrect
answer and
little evidence
of reasoning

2 Points

3 Points

4 Points

(Partially
Proficient)

(Proficient)

(Advanced)

Missing or
incorrect
answer but
evidence of
some reasoning

A correct
answer with
some evidence
of reasoning or
an incorrect
answer with
substantial
evidence

A correct
answer
supported by
substantial
evidence of
solid reasoning

Lesson 3 - Quiz
1 Point
(Unsatisfactory)

Missing or
incorrect
answer and
little evidence
of reasoning

2 Points

3 Points

4 Points

(Partially
Proficient)

(Proficient)

(Advanced)

Missing or
incorrect
answer but
evidence of
some reasoning

A correct
answer with
some evidence
of reasoning or
an incorrect
answer with
substantial
evidence

A correct
answer
supported by
substantial
evidence of
solid reasoning

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