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JSS Academy of Technical

Education Noida
Department of Electrical Engineering
Simulation based minor project
On

Transients during starting


of a 3 phase Induction Motor
& Their Reduction

Faculty incharge:
Mr.Udit Mittal
Mr. Amit Kumar Roy
By

Abhishek Kumar
(1309120006)
Abhishek Srivastava (1309120011)

ABSTRACT

Distributed
generating
(DG)
system consists of a group of
different small non-conventional
power generating sources. In
case of a power failure from
utilities, these alternative energy
sources would supply the power.
However when a transformer or
induction motor is switched-on it
draws enormously high current
and power (VA). As a consequence
a weak DG system fails to serve
its purpose.This increases the cost
of installation and underutilization
of the system. Therefore it is
important to reduce the inrush
current at the time of starting
without the loss of sufficient
torque generation. It will enhance
the VA capability of the system,
and
improve
the
overall

Introduction

Three phase induction motor


produces severe starting torque
pulsations. This causes shocks to the
driven equipment and damage to
the mechanical system components.
Induction motors have wide range of
applications in many industrial as
well as manufacturing processes.
They are highly efficient motors
when operated near to its rated
torque and speed.
Three
phase
induction
motor
produces severe starting torque
pulsations due to the interaction
between slip frequency current and
transient asymmetrical flux.
These torque pulsations cause
shocks to the driven equipment and
damage to the mechanical system
components such as gear, shafts,
couplings etc.
Also high inrush current is drawn

Simulink model of 3
phase induction motor

Out of induction motors used,


the majority are of squirrel
cage type.
The reason of using the
squirrel cage construction
frequently is that it is more
rugged, almost maintenance
free and having several other
advantages .
Since a cage motor is
electrically inaccessible from its
rotor, therefore no alternation
can be made in its
characteristics by means of any
connection to its rotor. Any
technique can only be applied
from its stator terminals.

MODIFIED MODEL WITH


INDUCTOR

VALUES OF INDUCTOR

REDUCTION OF TRANISENT

Low stator
inductance(0.05 mh)

Rotor speed - time graph

Torque - time graph

High stator inductance (2mh)

Rotor speed time graph

Torque time graph

Low rotor resistance(0.1 ohm)

Rotor speed- time graph

Torque time graph

High rotor resistance(0.5


ohm)

Rotor speed-time graph

Torque-time graph

Low stator resistance(0.16


ohm)

Rotor speed time graph

Torque time graph

High stator
resistance(0.8)

Rotor speed-time graph

Torque-time graph

On the basis of following


outcomes , the observation
were made:
On increasing the motor
inductance ,the transients lasted
for longer period that is the
machine took longer time to
achieve its steady state speed ,
current and torque . also the start
was bit jerky.
On increasing the rotor resistance ,
there was no effect on the steady
state time but the machine started
with lesser jerks , that is the
fluctuations in the transient period
were reduced. Also the maximum
torque occurred at a lower speed.
On increasing the stator resistance,
the steady state time increased as
well as the machine started with
more jerks. Thus the stator

REFERENCES

[1] Gopal K. Dubey, Fundamental Of


Electrical Drives, Narosa Publication
House, Second Edition, 2011
[2] A. E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley,
Jr. And Stephan D. Umans, Electrical
Machinery, McGraw-Hills
Publications, Year 2002
[3] IEEE Standard Test Procedure for
Polyphase Induction Motors and
Generators, volume 112, issue 1996 of
IEEE, by IEEE Power Engineering
Society
[4] D.W. Novotney, et al (editor),
Introduction to Field Orientation and
High Performance AC drives, IEEE
IAS tutorial course, 1986.
[5]IJ nagrath,D P
Kothari,ELECTRICAL MACHINES.