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The Teaching Profession

Teachers...are the most responsible

and important member of society
because their professional efforts
affect the fate of the future.
Helen Caldicott

Seven Philosophies of Education

Contends that teachers teach
for learners to acquire
basic knowledge,skills and

Progressivists accept the
impermanence of life and
the inevitability of change.
Change is the only thing
that does not change.

The perennialist curriculum is a
universal one on the view
that all human beings
possess the same essential
nature. It is heavy on the
humanities,on general
education.It is not a specialist
curriculum but rather a
general one. There is less
emphasis on vocational and
technical education.

The main concern of the
existentialists is to help
students understand and
appreciate themselves as
unique individuals who
accept complete
responsibility for their
thoughts,feelings and
actions. Existence precedes

Behaviorist schools are concerned
with the modification and
shaping of students behavior
by providing for a favorable
environment, since they
believe that they are a
product of environment.

Linguistic Philosophy
It develops communication skills
of the learner, to articulate,
to voice out the meaning and
values of things that one
obtains from his/her
experience of life and the
world is the very essence of

To develop intrinsically
motivated and
independent learners
adequately equipped
with learning and skills
for them to be able to
construct knowledge
and make meaning of

Formulating your philosophy of


Philosophy is vital only when the questions are mine and so is the
struggle towards answers. W Luijpen

Your philosophy of education

is your window
to the world and compass
in life.
Your philosophy of education
is reflected in your dealings
with students, colleagues,
parents and administrators.
Your attitude towards
problems in life as a whole
has an underlying philosophy.

Philosophy of education
includes our concept about:

The human person, the learner

in particular and the educated

What is true and good and

therefore must be taught.

How a learner must be taught in

order to come close to the truth.

The Foundational Principles of Morality and You

When you carry out acts of kindness you get a wonderful feeling inside. It is as though something
inside your body responds and says, yes, this is how I ought to feel. - Unknown

What is morality?
Morality refers to the quality of human acts by
which we call them right or wrong, good or evil.
Your human action is right when it conforms with
the norm, rule or law of morality.(Panizo, 1964)
What is meant of foundational moral principle:
Came from a Latin word princeps which means a
beginning a source. A principle is that on which
something is based, founded, originated initiated.

What is natural law?

It is the law written in the

hearts of men (Romans
For theists, it is mans share
in the Eternal Law of God
According to St. Thomas it is
the light of the natural
reason, whereby we
discern what is good and
what is evil
It is the law that says. Do
good and avoid evil . THIS

Teacher as a person of good moral character

The preamble of our Code of Ethics of a Professional Teachers, teachers are duly
licensed professionals who possess dignity and reputation with high moral values as well
as technical and professional competence.

Four ways of describing

good moral character
according to one
Christian author:
1.Being fully human
2.Being a loving person
3.Being a virtuous person
4. Being a morally mature

Value Formation and You

Education in values means the cultivation of affectivity, leading the
educand through exposure to an experience of value and of the
valuable R Aquino


Values are
Thought and

Values have
Includes formation
In the cognitive,
Affective and
and behavioral

of intellect
and will

Virtuous versus
vicious life and
their effect on
the will.

Max Schelers hierarchy of values

Pleasure Values
The pleasant against
the unpleasant
The agreeable against
the disagreeable

Vital Values
Values pertaining to
the well being either
of the individual or of
the community

Spiritual Values
Values independent of the
whole sphere of the body
and of the environment
Grasped in spiritual acts of
preferring, loving and hating

Values of the Holy

Appear only in regard
to objects intentionally
given as absolute

Teaching as your Vocation, Mission and

One looks back with appreciation to the brilliant teachers, but with
guarantee to those who touched our human feelings. Carl Jung

Vocation came from a Latin word vocare which means

call. Based on the etymology of the word, therefore means
a call.

Mission came from the Latin word misio which means

to send.

Teaching Mission and/or Job?

If you are doing it only because you are paid for it, its a job;
If you are doing it not only for the pay but also for service its a mission
If you quit because your boss or colleague criticized you, its a job;
If you keep on teaching out of love, its a mission
If you teach because it does not interfere with your other activities, its a job;
If you are committed to teaching even if it means letting to go of other activities, its a
If you quit because no one praises or thanks you for what you do, its a job;
If you remain teaching even though nobody recognizes your efforts, its a mission.
It is hard to get excited about a teaching job;
Its almost impossible not to get excited about a mission
If our concern is success its a job;
If our concern is success plus faithfulness, its a mission
An average school is filled by teachers doing their job;
A great school is filled with teachers involved in a mission of teaching.
Adapted from Ministry of Job
Anna Sandberg